Route 20 (MTA Maryland)

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This article is about the MTA bus route. For the numbered road, see Maryland Route 20.
Route 20
MTA Maryland 10016 20.jpg
Overview
System Maryland Transit Administration
Garage Eastern
Bush
Status active
Began service 1948
Route
Locale Baltimore City
Baltimore County
Communities served Westview Park
Edmondson Village
O'Donnell Heights
Dundalk
Landmarks served Westview Mall
Bon Secours Hospital
Baltimore Travel Plaza
Other routes 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, 16, 19, 21, 22, 23, 27, 35, 36, qb40, 44, qb46, qb48, 51, 57, 61, 64, 77, 91, 99 (on Security Blvd.), 120, 150, 160
Service
Level Daily
Frequency Every 22 minutes
Every 15 minutes (peak)
Weekend frequency Every 30-60 minutes
Operates 24 Hours a Day [1]

Route 20 is a bus route operated by the Maryland Transit Administration in Baltimore and its suburbs. The line currently runs from Security Square Mall east through downtown Baltimore to Dundalk Community College. The main roads on which the line operates are Old Frederick Road, Baltimore Street, Fayette Street, and Boston Street. The line serves the communities of Westview, Edmondson Village, Patterson Park, and O'Donnell Heights.

The bus route is the successor to the 15 West Baltimore Street, 20 Point Breeze, and Fairmount Avenue streetcar lines; the West Baltimore Street Line was the third streetcar line in Baltimore.

History[edit]

In 1899, the No. 15 streetcar started operating along the western portion of this route as far west as Franklintown Road.[2] Parts of the eastern portion were served by the nos. 23 and 26 streetcars during the streetcar era. Several Baltimore streetcars held the no. 20 designation. These included one that operated along Orleans Street from 1894 to 1929 before being absorbed into the No. 6 Streetcar (where service is currently provided by bus route 35), the West Arlington Jerkwater which operated briefly in 1930 (where service is currently provided by bus route 44),[3] the Dundalk Short Line, which operated from 1930 to 1936, and the Point Breeze streetcar/bus, which operated from 1940 to 1948, which was reduced to a shuttle in 1948 before being absorbed by other services.[4]

The current Route 20 on Baltimore Street started operating in 1948.[4] In that year, the line absorbed Bus Route N, which had operated since 1932 when no. 15 streetcar service on West Baltimore Street was discontinued.[4]

The line saw later expansions on the west side while communities developed in Edmondson Village, Westview, and Woodlawn, and was eventually extended to Rolling Road and Security Boulevard. The layover point was then moved across the street to Security Square Mall. On the east side, the line was extended to Dundalk Community College (now the Community College of Baltimore County Dundalk campus) and Dundalk Marine Terminal.

In October 2005, as part of the Greater Baltimore Bus Initiative, a comprehensive overhaul plan, Route 20 underwent the following changes:

  • All trips on the west side, including all short turns at Hilton Street and Franklin Street, were extended to Security Square Mall. The Social Security branch was discontinued.
  • All trips on the east side were extended to CCBC Dundalk, with the exception of selected weekday trips to Dundalk Marine Terminal. All other branches and short turns were eliminated, but in February of the following year, the short turns at Dundalk and Center Place were reintroduced on weekdays in order to improve schedule adherence.
  • Routing in East Baltimore shifted two blocks north from Baltimore Street to Fayette Street. As this new route overlapped with the new Route 40 and existing Route 23 that had long operated on the same street, it allowed the schedules of the lines to be coordinated and evenly spaced on one of the peak portions of the route where ridership demand is high while keeping operating costs down.
  • A plan to shift routing in West Baltimore from Old Frederick Road to Edmondson Avenue was abandoned as riders in this area did not feel safe walking a few extra blocks.[5]

In popular culture[edit]

In Every Secret Thing By Laura Lippman, the narrator describes her plans to take the bus to St. Agnes Lane near U.S. 40, where Route 20 operates.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://mta.maryland.gov/sites/default/files/20_schedule_8_10_web.pdf
  2. ^ "Routes of Baltimore Transit - 1900 to Today". web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-10-04. 
  3. ^ Adam Paul. "A History of the 5 and 33 Streetcar Lines". web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-10-04. 
  4. ^ a b c "Routes of Baltimore Transit - 1900 to Today". web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-10-04. 
  5. ^ "State unveils bus route changes less sweeping than prior proposal - LA Times". latimes.com. Retrieved 2014-10-04. 
  6. ^ Lippman, L. (2009). Every Secret Thing. HarperCollins. p. 88. ISBN 9780061808500. Retrieved 2014-10-04.