Route 443 (Israel)

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ISR-HW443.png

Route 443
מעלה בית חורון
Ma'ale Beit Horon
Ascent of Bethoron
Route information
Length: 32 km (20 mi)
Major junctions
West end: Lod (Ginaton Junction)
East end: Highway 45/Begin Expressway to Jerusalem
Location
Major cities: Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut, Modi'in Illit, Giv'at Ze'ev
Highway system

Roads in Israel

Highways
Eastward ascent of Route 443
between Modi'in and Jerusalem
approaching Beit Ur al-Fauqa
Westbound Maccabim Security Checkpoint approaching Modi'in
Route 443 near Giv'at Ze'ev Junction, with pyramid-shaped stacks of barbed wire forming a section of the Israeli West Bank barrier

Route 443 (Hebrew: כביש 443, מעלה בית חורון‎) is also known as Ma'ale Beit Horon (Bethoron Ascent), following the ancient east-west trade route connecting the Via Maris and the Way of the Patriarchs. It is the main highway connecting Tel Aviv and Gush Dan with Jerusalem via Modi'in. While technically listed as a regional road, it is for the most part a divided, four-lane highway which utilises some grade separation and interchanges, as well as major at-grade intersections, and thus is not classified as a motorway, even though there is a short motorway section on its western end, connecting it to westbound Highway 1.

Route[edit]

Route 443 begins as a local street near downtown Lod. Leaving Lod to the east, it becomes a divided highway, crossing Highway 1 and Highway 6 at the Ben Shemen Interchange, and continuing to Shilat junction, which serves as the entrance for the Modi'in area. It then continues through the West Bank in the Matte Binyamin Regional Council, near Ramallah. Upon passing Givat Ze'ev Junction, its official designation becomes Highway 45 which continues directly to Jerusalem's Highway 50 (Begin Boulevard). A spur, Route 436, also links it with Jerusalem through Giv'at Ze'ev and the Ramot neighborhood.

The Road in Antiquity[edit]

The road was used during many battles in antiquity due to its unique geography. It is mentioned in several ancient writings.

As opposed to the modern Highway 1 which twists and turns, rises and falls between mountains and valleys on its way to Jerusalem through the Judean hills, the central portion of Highway 443 runs along a ridge line and maintains a relatively stable grade.
see also: Bet-Horon

Problems for Palestinians[edit]

Usage of this road is highly problematic for Palestinians, although they do have a legal right to use it.

Several access roads connecting Palestinian villages with Route 443 in the West Bank portion have been closed since the September 2000 outbreak of the Second Intifada.[1] Frequent fire bomb attacks and fatal shootings on Israeli traffic saw the erection of anti-sniper barricades on parts of the highway adjacent to Palestinian populated areas.[2][3][4][5]

In March 2008, Israel's Supreme Court upheld for six more months the IDF's right to limit Palestinian traffic to prevent attacks, challenged by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel.[6][7] The Israeli Human Rights Group B'Tselem has also criticized the closure of route 443 for Palestinians as an example of collective punishment, which is illegal under International law. On December 29, 2009 Israel's High Court of Justice accepted the Association for Civil Rights in Israel's petition against an IDF order barring Palestinians from driving on Highway 443. The ruling came into effect on May 28, 2010, allowing Palestinians to use the road for the first time since 2002, when it was closed following Palestinian attacks on Israeli motorists during the Second Intifada.[8]

Junctions and interchanges (west to east)[edit]

km Name Type Meaning Location Road(s) Crossed
Lod
HaHashmonaim Blvd.
0 כיכר הבנים
(HaBanim Square)
Zeichen 215 - Kreisverkehr, StVO 2000.svg The Sons Central Lod ISR-HW434.png Route 434
Herzl St.
Katzenelson St.
Uri Nehushtan St.
0.15 Fareskilt 20.PNG Central Lod Amos Vigodski St.
0.2 כיכר השוטר
(HaShoter Square)
Zeichen 215 - Kreisverkehr, StVO 2000.svg The Policeman Mishmar Nof neighborhood Tzahal Blvd.
Henrietta Szold St.
0.4 Fareskilt 20.PNG Mishmar Nof neighborhood Derech Beit HaDin
0.5 Fareskilt 20.PNG Mishmar Nof neighborhood Resh-Aleph St.
HaPrachim St.
0.8 Fareskilt 20.PNG Neve Nof neighborhood Kehilat New York St.
1 Fareskilt 20.PNG Neve Nof neighborhood Erez St.
1.1 Fareskilt 20.PNG Ramat Eshkol neighborhood General LeClerc St.
1.3 כיכר חיל התחזוקה
(Heil HaTahzuka Square)
Zeichen 215 - Kreisverkehr, StVO 2000.svg Quartermaster Corps Yasmin, Shabazi, Neve Nof
neighborhoods
HeHalutz St.
Haim Moshe Shapira St.
Lod Municipal Boundary
1.6 צומת גינתון
(Ginaton Junction)
ILramzor2.svg Little Garden Lod ISR-HW40.png Highway 40
2.5 צומת בו שמן
(Ben Shemen Junction)
ILramzor2.svg Fruitful Moshav Ben Shemen,
Moshav Ginaton
local roads
3.3 ILramzor2.svg Ben Shemen Youth Village
and Agricultural School
local road
4.1 מחלף בן שמן
(Ben Shemen Interchange)
ILramzor2.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg
ILjunction-benshemen.png
Named after location Ben Shemen ISR-HW1 blue.PNG Highway 1,
ISR-HW6.png Highway 6,
ISR-HW444.png Route 444
4.9 צומת מודיעים
(Modi'im Junction)
ILramzor2.svg Named after location
of ancient village Modi'im
Informers
north to
Rosh HaAyin
ISR-HW444.png Route 444
5 צומת מודיעים
(Modi'im Junction)
ILramzor2.svg south to
Kfar Daniel, Moshav Gimzo
ISR-HW4314.PNG Road 4314
6.2 443 Extension AB-AS-blau.svg from/to Tel Aviv from/to ISR-HW1 blue.PNG Highway 1
6.5 צומת מצפה מודיעין
(Mitzpe Modi'in Junction)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Modi'in Overlook JNF Ben Shemen Forest
"‏‏Mitzpe Modi'in"
local road
7.5 ILramzor2.svg Mitkan Adam Army Base local road
8.1 צומת נאות קדומים
(Neot Kedumim Junction)
(westbound only)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Beauties of Ancient Times JNF Ben Shemen Forest
"Neot Kedumim"
local road
10.1 צומת מבוא מודיעים
(Mevo Modi'im Junction)
ILramzor2.svg Gateway to Modi'im Mevo Modi'im
JNF Ben Shemen Forest
"Zaglembie Martyrs Memorial"
local road
10.8 צומת הנקתפים
(HaNiktafim Junction)
(eastbound only)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Harvested JNF Ben Shemen Forest
"Yad HaNiktafim"
local road
11.6 צומת מכבים
(Maccabim Junction)
(westbound only}
Fareskilt 20.PNG Named for The Maccabees JNF Ben Shemen Forest
"Tombs of the Maccabees"
ISR-HW4466.png Road 4466
12.2 ILramzor2.svg Modi'in (west)
Modi'in Industrial Zone
Yehuda Hamaccabi St.
14 (westbound only) AB-AS-blau.svg Shilat
Modi'in Illit
Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut
filling station
14.2 צומת שילת
(Shilat Junction)
ILramzor2.svg Named after location Shilat
Modi'in Illit
Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut
ISR-HW446.png Route 446,
HaHashmonaim Blvd.
15.7 צומת מכבים-רעות
(Maccabim-Re'ut Junction)
ILramzor2.svg Maccabees-Friendship Maccabim-Re'ut Yair Parag Road
17.1 Green Line
17.35 צומת ספא
(Saffa Junction)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Named after location Green Line Zeichen 267.svg blocked local road
passenger transfer
to Saffa
17.4 Maccabim Security Checkpoint
Zeichen 267.svgNO westbound through-traffic for green (Palestinian Authority) license plates
17.5 צומת בית חורון
(Beit Horon Junction)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Named after location
House of Horon
Beit Sira local road
Zeichen 267.svg NO entry to
yellow (Israeli) license plates
18 Fareskilt 20.PNG Saffa, Beit Ur al-Tahta Zeichen 267.svg blocked local road
18.8 (eastbound only) Fareskilt 20.PNG Beit Sira Zeichen 267.svg blocked local road
19.5 (westbound only) Fareskilt 20.PNG Beit Ur al-Tahta Zeichen 267.svg blocked local road
21.4 (westbound only) AB-AS-blau.svg Beit Ur al-Tahta
Kharbatha al-Misbah
Beit Liqya
Zeichen 267.svg blocked local road
21.6 (eastbound only) AB-AS-blau.svg Beit Ur al-Tahta
Kharbatha al-Misbah
Beit Liqya
local road to Ramallah
Zeichen 267.svg NO entry to
yellow (Israeli) license plates
22.2 (eastbound only) AB-AS-blau.svg Kharbatha al-Misbah filling station
24 (westbound only) AB-AS-blau.svg Beit Ur al-Fauqa local road from Ramallah
Zeichen 267.svg NO entry to
yellow (Israeli) license plates
27 מחלף בית חורון
(Beit Horon Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svg Named after location
House of Horon
Beit Horon
al-Tira
local road
Zeichen 267.svgNO eastbound through-traffic for green (Palestinian Authority) license plates
28.1 (eastbound only) AB-AS-blau.svg Agan HaAyalot
Givat Ze'ev (west)
local road
31.1 Ofer Security Checkpoint
31.8 צומת גבעת זאב
(Giv'at Ze'ev Junction)
ILramzor2.svg Wolf Hill Giv'at Ze'ev
Ofer Prison
ISR-HW436.png Route 436,
(443 continues as:
Hgwy45.png Highway 45
to ISR-HW50.png Highway 50
(Begin Boulevard)

References[edit]

External reference links:

Coordinates: 31°53′54″N 35°02′17″E / 31.89833°N 35.03806°E / 31.89833; 35.03806