U.S. Route 44 in Connecticut

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This article is about the section of U.S. Route 44 in Connecticut. For the entire length of the highway, see U.S. Route 44.

U.S. Route 44 marker

U.S. Route 44
Route information
Maintained by ConnDOT
Length: 106.03 mi[1] (170.64 km)
Existed: 1935 – present
Major junctions
West end: US 44 in Amenia
  Route 8 in Winsted
I‑84 / US 6 / I‑91 in Hartford
I‑384 / US 6 in Manchester
Route 195 in Storrs
I‑395 in Putnam
East end: US 44 at West Glocester, RI state line
Location
Counties: Litchfield, Hartford, Tolland, Windham
Highway system
Route 43 Route 45

U.S. Route 44 (US 44) is an east–west U.S. Highway running from Salisbury to Putnam.

Route description[edit]

From the New York state line at Salisbury to the Rhode Island state line at Putnam, US 44 runs for a total of 106.03 miles (170.64 km) in Connecticut. Most of US 44 is known in the state as the Jonathan Trumbull Highway. It begins as rural arterial road in Litchfield county, going through the towns of North Canaan, Norfolk, Colebrook, Winchester, Barkhamsted, and New Hartford. It is a 2-lane road with 4-lane sections in Winchester. In Canton, US 44 is joined by US 202 and becomes a mostly 4-lane principal arterial road serving the Hartford metro area. US 44 continues through Simsbury, Avon, and W. Hartford. US 202 splits from US 44 in Avon following the route of Route 10 after overlapping for 5.3 miles (8.5 km). US 44 then enters the city of Hartford along Albany Avenue, then goes up onto I-84/US 6 to cross the Connecticut River on the Bulkeley Bridge. In E. Hartford, US 44 then returns to surface roads right after crossing the river. It becomes a 2-lane minor arterial road through Manchester, Bolton, Coventry, and Mansfield, then becomes a rural road through Willington, Ashford, Eastford, Pomfret, and Putnam. In Manchester, US 44 overlaps with US 6 for 6.9 miles (11.1 km) up to Bolton until just after the eastern terminus of I-384. This segment of US 44 up to Willington is known as the Boston Turnpike while the segment approaching Rhode Island is called Providence Pike.

History[edit]

Most of the alignment of modern US 44 in Connecticut was at one time part of an early network of turnpikes in the state during the 19th century. From the New York state line at Salisbury to the village of Lakeville, the route was the westernmost section of the Salisbury and Canaan Turnpike. Between North Canaan and New Hartford, modern US 44 was known as the Greenwoods Turnpike. The southeastward continuation of the Greenwoods road to the West Hartford-Hartford line was known as the Talcott Mountain Turnpike. From East Hartford to Eastford, the Boston Turnpike was chartered mostly along modern US 44 as the direct route from Hartford to Boston. The Boston Turnpike differed from modern US 44 by using a more direct route between Eastford and Pomfret Center along modern Route 244, while US 44 runs via the village of Abington. Past Pomfret Center, the Boston Turnpike diverged from modern US 44 heading northeast across the town of Thompson. The route through Putnam to the Rhode Island state line was a different turnpike road known as the Pomfret and Killingly Turnpike.

In 1922, the New England states designated route numbers on its main roads. Route 101 was assigned as the route used by the Pomfret and Killingly Turnpike (modern US 44) to Pomfret Center, then modern US 44 to Phoenixville via Abington (short portions of two other turnpike roads), then a road southward from Phoenixville to South Chaplin (modern Route 198), ending at New England Route 3. The direct road connecting Phoenixville to Bolton Notch was designated as Route 109. From Hartford to Bolton Notch, modern US 44 was at the time known as New England Route 3. West of Hartford, modern US 44 was designated as part of New England Route 17, which stretched in Connecticut from North Canaan to Stonington (via modern Route 2). Between the New York state line at Salisbury and North Canaan, the road was known as Route 121.

In 1926, most of New England Route 3 became U.S. Route 6. In the 1932 state highway renumbering, New England Route 17 was broken up into two newly assigned routes: modern Route 2 east of Hartford, and part of Route 101 west of Hartford. Route 101 was reconfigured in 1932 from its 1920s alignment to continue west of Phoenixville along former Route 109, then overlapping with US 6 to Hartford. Route 101 then used the western half of former New England Route 17 to North Canaan where it ended. The road from North Canaan to Salisbury was renumbered in 1932 to Route 199 to match the route number in New York at the time. In 1935, US 44 was designated and utilized Route 101 across the states of Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts. Route 199 was also incorporated into the new route, connecting with the New York state line.

In the 1940s, US 44 was relocated along a portion of the Wilbur Cross Highway for several years with the former surface alignment becoming US 44A. The change was later reversed. US 6 was also relocated in East Hartford and Manchester to use I-84 and the overlap between US 6 and US 44 is now only between Manchester and Bolton Notch.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
Litchfield Lakeville 1.04 1.67 US 44 west – Amenia Continuation into New York
1.18 1.90 Route 112 east – Lime Rock
Salisbury 3.06 4.92 Route 41 south – Sharon West end of concurrency with Route 41
4.73 7.61 Route 41 north – Taconic East end of concurrency with Route 41
North Canaan 8.88 14.29 Route 126 south – Falls Village
Canaan 11.19 18.01 US 7 – Lime Rock, Sheffield, MA
Norfolk 18.38 29.58 Route 272 north – North Norfolk West end of concurrency with Route 272
18.72 30.13 Route 272 south – South Norfolk East end of concurrency with Route 272
20.14 32.41 Route 182 east – Colebrook
Winsted 26.74 43.03 Route 183 north – Colebrook West end of concurrency with Route 183
28.39 45.69 Route 8 north – Robertsville West end of concurrency with Route 8
28.85 46.43 Route 8 south – Torrington East end of concurrency with Route 8
28.88 46.48 Route 183 south – Torrington East end of concurrency with Route 183
Barkhamsted 31.96 51.43 Route 318 east – Barkhamsted
New Hartford 34.43 55.41 Route 219 – Nepaug, Barkhamsted
Hartford Canton 38.77 62.39 Route 179 – West Granby, Collinsville
38.96 62.70 US 202 west – Torrington West end of concurrency with US 202
41.07 66.10 Route 177 south – Unionville
42.29 68.06 Route 167 – Simsbury, Unionville
Avon 44.28 71.26 US 202 / Route 10 north – Simsbury East end of concurrency with US 202, west end of concurrency with Route 10
45.02 72.45 Route 10 south – Farmington East end of concurrency with Route 10
West Hartford 49.29 79.32 Route 218 east – Bloomfield
Route 173 south – West Hartford
Hartford 51.03 82.12 Route 189 north – Bloomfield
51.90 83.52 Route 187 north – Blue Hills
53.80 86.58 I‑84 / US 6 west – West Hartford, Waterbury West end of concurrency with I-84 / US 6
East Hartford 54.03 86.95 I‑84 / US 6 east – Vernon, Manchester East end of concurrency with I-84 / US 6
55.05 88.59 US 5 south – Wethersfield West end of concurrency with US 5
55.41 89.17 US 5 north – South Windsor East end of concurrency with US 5
Manchester 59.15 95.19 I‑84 / US 6 east – Vernon, Hartford West end of concurrency with US 6, exit 60 on I-84
62.01 99.80 Route 83 – Vernon, East Glastonbury
Tolland Bolton 65.14 104.83 Route 85 – Hebron, Vernon
66.26 106.64 I‑384 west – Manchester, East Hartford
67.73 109.00 US 6 east – Andover, Willimantic East end of concurrency with US 6
Mansfield 69.18 111.33 Route 31 north – Rockville West end of concurrency with Route 31
70.28 113.10 Route 31 south – Coventry East end of concurrency with Route 31
74.02 119.12 Route 32 – Willington, Willimantic
76.61 123.29 Route 195 – Tolland, Storrs
Windham Ashford 81.74 131.55 Route 74 west – Willington
82.81 133.27 Route 89 – Mount Hope, Westford
86.94 139.92 Route 198 – Eastford, Chaplin
Pomfret 91.49 147.24 Route 97 – Hampton, Pomfret
93.62 150.67 Route 101 east – Dayville
94.12 151.47 Route 169 south – Brooklyn
96.27 154.93 Route 97 south – Abington
Putnam 99.93 160.82 Route 12 south – Attawaugan West end of overlap with Route 12
100.57 161.85 Route 12 north – Mechanicsville East end of concurrency with Route 12
101.40 163.19 I‑395 – Thompson, Danielson Exit 97 on I-395
102.24 164.54 Route 21 – Killingly, Thompson
106.03 170.64 US 44 east – West Glocester Continuation into Rhode Island
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Connecticut Department of Transportation, Highway Log PDF (1.80 MiB) as of December 31, 2009

External links[edit]

U.S. Route 44
Previous state:
New York
Connecticut Next state:
Rhode Island