Route 471 (Israel)

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ISR-HW471.png

Route 471
כביש מכבית
Kvish Maccabit
Maccabit Road
Route information
Length: 11 km (7 mi)
Major junctions
West end: Bar Ilan Interchange
 
  • Bar Ilan Interchange
  • Sha'ariyya Junction
  • Nahshonim Interchange
East end: Migdal Afek Junction
Location
Major cities: Ramat Gan, Givat Shmuel, Kiryat Ono, Petah Tikva, Ganei Tikva
Highway system

Roads in Israel

Highways

Route 471 (Hebrew: כביש 471‎), commonly called Maccabit Road, is a suburban expressway in the center of the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area in Israel. The expressway connects Highway 4 in the west with Route 444 in the east. It is part of a road system planned to provide improved access to Highway 6.

The construction of Route 471 was plagued with bureaucracy, massive opposition from neighboring municipalities and budget overruns, all of which caused major delays in construction.

Route 471 was fully opened on October 16, 2007, after its eastern section, between Route 444 and Gat Rimon was partially opened since 2002. However, there are still two at-grade intersections in its western section. After much delay, extensive works began in 2011 to construct large interchanges in place of these two intersections. When completed, the road will serve as an important freeway route between Highway 6 and Highway 4.[needs update]

Route description[edit]

Route 471 starts at Bar Ilan Interchange with Highway 4 in Ramat Gan. It then continues east through a short tunnel and bypasses Kiryat Ono. It then passes between Petah Tikva and Ganei Tikva until it reaches Gat-Rimon Junction. The section between Bar Ilan and Gat Rimon is built to full freeway standards, fully grade-separated with three to four lanes in each direction and wide shoulders, however the road is not signed as a freeway.

From Gat-Rimon the road continues east, bypassing Petah Tikva from the south until it meets Highway 6 at Nahshonim Interchange. It then continues one km further east to its terminus at Migdal Afek Junction with Route 444. This section has only two lanes in each direction with at-grade intersections.

Controversies[edit]

Route 471 was originally planned to fully open in 2003, together with the central section of Highway 6. However, only the first two sections opened in 2002, and although most of the work on the western section was completed by 2005, it remained closed until late 2007. The completed section was unofficially used as a makeshift roller skating course, thanks to the wide and leveled roadbed.[1] The gap caused severe traffic problems in the area, as drivers who wished to bypass the missing section used residential streets in Gat Rimon, Ganei Tikva and Kiryat Ono. To prevent drivers from using this route, some of the turns at Gat Rimon Intersection remained closed until the western section opened.

The Kiryat Ono municipality was concerned about noise and air pollution from the new expressway. To address this, the expressway was built in a trench, acoustic walls were erected and some of the route adjacent to Kiryat Ono was built in a tunnel. The municipality was also concerned that the opening of a new entrance to Petah Tikva would cause the city's main street, Levi Eshkol Street, to turn into a bypass for the congested Geha Highway. The municipality instead proposed the construction of a western bypass of Kiryat Ono prior to the opening of the connection to Petah Tikva. Even after the expressway fully opened, the municipality blocked the connection to Petah Tikva using concrete barriers and sand piles for several weeks.[2]

Another delay was the public opposition from the residents of Gat Rimon neighborhood in Petah Tikva. The neighborhood was to be demolished to make way for the Gat Rimon Interchange, however, the National Roads Authority failed to reach a compensation agreement with the residents. The matter went to court, and the Ministry of Transportation decided to build a temporary northern bypass until the case was settled. The bypass includes two signaled intersections and a shared section with a city street, causing severe traffic jams on the expressway.

The opening of the western section also caused an increase in traffic on Aluf Sade Road in Ramat Gan, a major artery connecting Highway 4, Route 471's western terminus, with central Tel Aviv. Severe traffic jams were reported in Ramat Gan during the first days after the expressway's opening, and the Mayor of Ramat Gan told reporters that he had demanded improvements to Aluf Sade Road prior to the opening of Route 471, however these were not carried out.[3] Eventually, traffic improved somewhat after the traffic lights programs at Aluf Sade Interchange were improved, however the road remains regularly jammed. The National Roads Authority started working on improving traffic flow at Aluf Sade Interchange in 2009.

On March 16, 2009, the National Roads Company published a tender to complete the missing interchanges on the eastern section and bring it up to freeway standards. The tender was awarded to Hofrey HaSharon, however a lawsuit was filed by one of the losing companies, EYL Sela. It was claimed that there was a conflict of interest in the selection of Hofrey HaSharon's offer, which was 11 million NIS more expensive than EYL Sela, as one of the members of the tenders committee was a former employee of Hofrey HaSharon.[4] The matter went back and forth to the Regional and Supreme courts for over a year, with a second lawsuit filed by Minrab, another company which lost the tender. The matter was eventually settled on August 9, 2010, when the Supreme Court ordered Hofrey HaSharon to immediately start work on the road, as a matter of addressing the immediate public interest. Should the court eventually rule in favor of Minrab, the National Roads Company will be required to compensate Minrab.[5] The tender stated that the works would last 36 months, meaning that the road would be completed in late 2013, at best.

Junctions and interchanges[edit]

km Name Type Meaning Location Road(s) Crossed
0 מחלף בר אילן
(Bar Ilan Interchange)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg
ILjunction-barilan.png
Named after Bar Ilan University Ramat Gan ISR-HW4 red.PNG
Highway 4
0.6 AB-AS-blau.svg
ILjunction-katzirherzljabotinsky.png
Bar Ilan University
Giv'at Shmuel
Kfar Azar
Kiryat Ono
Keren Hayesod Road,
Jabotinsky St.,
Aharon Katzir Blvd.,
Herzl St.
0.6 Tunnel
3 lanes eastbound,
4 lanes westbound
AB-Tunnel.svgAB-Tunnel.svg Kiryat Ono 350 metres
2 מחלף אונו
(Ono Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svg
ILjunction-ono.png
Named after location
(Valley of) His Power
Petah Tikva
Kiryat Ono
Yitzhak Rabin Road,
Levi Eshkol Road
4.5 מחלף גת רימון
(Gat Rimon Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svg
ILjunction-gatrimon.png
Named after location
Pomegranate Press
Petah Tikva
Gat Rimon
Ya'akov Zrubavel St.
HaTapuz St.
6.4 מחלף שעריה
(Sha'ariyya Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svg
ILjunction-shaariya.png
Named after nearby neighborhood
Gates of God
Petah Tikva
Nechalim
ISR-HW40.png
Highway 40
7.6 מחלף עמישב
(Amishav Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svg Named after nearby neighborhood
My People Returned
Petah Tikva
Kfar Sirkin
Menachim Begin Road
9.5 מחלף נחשונים
(Nahshonim Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svg
ILjunction-nachshonim.png
Named after location
Pioneers
Nahshonim ISR-HW6.png
Highway 6
10.3 צומת מגדל אפק
(Migdal Afek Junction)
Fareskilt 20.PNG Named after nearby Tel Afek
Tower of Afek
Nahshonim Route 444

References[edit]

  1. ^ Route 471 - a recommended rink for practicing. Roller Israel (August 5, 2007). (Hebrew)
  2. ^ Dead End Road. NRG (August 27, 2007). (Hebrew)
  3. ^ Route 471 Opened, Aluf Sade Interchange is Jammed. Ynet (October 29, 2007). (Hebrew)
  4. ^ Route 471 Project is Stuck, following Suspicions of Conflict of Interests. Calcalist (July 15, 2009). (Hebrew)
  5. ^ Supreme Court: Work on Route 471 Should Start Immediately. Calcalist (August 9, 2010). (Hebrew)