Route of the Borgias
The Route of the Borgias is a cultural route inaugurated in 2007. collecting the footprint and the splendour of the most universal Valencian family, the Borja or "Borgia" in the Valencian Community, (Spain), where the Borgias come from.
Family of Aragonese origin, settled in Valencian lands after the conquest of the Kingdom of Valencia by James I of Aragon. Globally, the family is known as the Borgia, which was the Italian way of transcribing the surname in its pronunciation in Valencian.
The Popes Callixtus III and Alexander VI, Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia and Francis Borgia are the best-known figures of this lineage that from Canals and Xátiva, via Valencia, came to Rome, then return to Valencia to refound the Duchy of Gandia.
The route includes the following monuments and towns:
- Simat de la Valldigna
The Route step by step
- Gandía: The vestige of the Borgia in Gandia is extensive.
- The Collegiate Basilica of Gandia was expanded by Maria Enriquez de Luna, widow of the second duke, Juan Borgia, and daughter-in-law of Alexander VI. She had the Apostles Door built by the famous sculptor Damià Forment and had the major altarpiece, nowadays disappeared, painted by Paolo da San Leocadio.
- Most of the Borgia dukes and their descendants were born in the Ducal Palace of Gandia, built in times of the royal dukes. The arms courtyard, the crown assembly hall, the eagles' hall and the stunning gold gallery are worth seeing. Inside the building you can find the Space of Emotions (Espacio de las Emociones), a centre for virtual interpretation that will carry the visitor back to the Borgia time.
- The Convent of Santa Clara has an important art collection bequeathed by the Borgia. Several monasteries were founded over the peninsula from this convent, such as the Convent of Las Descalzas Reales of Madrid or the one in Setubal (Portugal). The pine tower, from the 16th century, was part of the wall enlargement carried out by the IV Duke of Gandia, Saint Francis Borgia. His successor, Carlos Borgia, founded the convent of Sant Roc, which is now a cultural centre and was a baroque church in the 18th century.
- The Sant Marc Hospital was governed by the Dukes of Gandia, is today the archaeological museum of the city (MaGa).
- The Monastery of Sant Jeroni de Cotalba founded in 1388 and located about eight kilometres outside Gandia, came under the protection of the House of Borgia in the 16th century. The Duchess of Gandia, Maria Enríquez de Luna, financed the monastery's construction and extension. Later, also spent his last days in this monastery the wife of Saint Francis Borgia, Leonor de Castro, lady and intimate friend of the Empress Isabella of Portugal.
- Simat de la Valldigna
- In Simat we can find the Monastery of Santa María de la Valldigna, a Cistercian monastery built in 1298 by Jaime II. Rodrigo Borgia and his son Cesare were the monastery abbots. From its magnificent remains we can see the royal door, the convent, the chapter-house, the cloister and the abbot palace. Different earthquakes have destroyed the church and the one we can see nowadays has a baroque style.
- Tower and walls of the Borgias: According to the tradition, Alfonso Borgia, the future Pope Calixtus III, was born in the Tower of Canals.
- Opposite the tower we can find the Oratory of the Borgias, with a medieval altarpiece about the Last Judgement, by the master of Borboto. Both buildings are worth visiting.
- Xativa: The legacy of the Borja in Xativa is important.
- In the Collegiate Basilica of Xàtiva where different members of the Borgia family are buried, we can see the altarpiece of the cardinal Alfonso Borgia and a silver chalice with the name of Calixtus III.
- Natal house of Alexander VI: Rodrigo Borgia, Pope Alexander VI, was born in Xativa and was christened in the church of San Pedro in 1431. Both, the birthplace and the church can be visited.
- Another Borgian place in Xativa is the Hermitage of Santa Ana, patron saint of the family.
- Valencia: The legacy of the family in the capital of the Kingdom of Valencia was numerous.
- In the Valencia Cathedral the Pope Callixtus III had the Chapel of "San Pedro" (Saint Peter) built. The Pope Alexander VI, before becoming pope, ordered the Italian painter Paolo da San Leocadio to paint frescoes for the dome of the apse. This was part of the beginning of the Italian Renaissance painting in Spain. In the chapel devoted to Saint Francis Borgia there are two Goya canvasses for the fourth duke of Gandia.
- The Palace of the Borgias, built by the first duke of Gandia and son of Alexander VI, Pedro Luis Borgia, is currently the headquarters for the Valencian Parliament (Cortes Valencianas).
- The University of Valencia (Estudio General) was founded in 1500 thanks to the papal bull of the Pope Alexander VI. Its Renaissance cloister is worth seeing.
- In the Church of San Nicolás, of which the Pope Callixtus III was rector before becoming Pope, in the door that overlooks to the square of San Nicolás, is remembered with tiles the prediction of Saint Vincent Ferrer according to which Alfonso de Borja would become Pope and then will canonize him.
- Tourist Info of Gandía
Avda. Marques de Campo s/n 46701 Gandía (Valencia) Phone 96 287 77 88 www.visitgandia.com
- Town hall of Canals
Phone 96 224 01 26 www.canals.es
- Tourist Info of Xàtiva
Tourist Info: Phone 96 227 33 46 www.xativa.es
- Tourist Info of Valencia
Plaza de la Reina, 46002 Valencia Phone 96 315 39 31 / 96 352 85 73 www.turisvalencia.com
- José María Cruselles Gómez: Los Borja en Valencia. Nota sobre historiografia, historicismo y pseudohistoria University of Valencia. (Spanish)
- Bibliography of the Route of the Borgias Cámara de Valencia. (Spanish)
- Santiago La Parra: "La ruta valenciana de los Borja". Escapadas-Punto Cero. Gandía, 1997. ISBN 84-605-6908-X.
- Antoni Atienza Peñarroja. "Els Borja, valencians". Editorial L'Oronella. Valencia. 2003. ISBN 848973741X
- Martí Domínguez: "Els Borja". CEIC "Alfons el Vell", Gandia, 1985. ISBN 9788450527629.
- VV.AA.: Los Borja: del mundo gótico al universo renacentista (cat.exposición), Museo de Bellas Artes de Valencia, Generalitat Valenciana, 2001.
- VV.AA.: El hogar de los Borja (cat.exposición), Ayuntamiento de Játiva, 2001.
- VV.AA.: Xàtiva. L’espai del Borja. Itinerari fotográfic, Ayuntamiento de Játiva, 1992.
- VV.AA.: Els Borja a la sotsgovernació de Xàtiva (cat.exposición), Ayuntamiento de Játiva, 1994.
- VV.AA.: Xàtiva, Els Borja. Una projecció Europea (cat.exposición), Ayuntamiento de Játiva, 1994.
- House of Borgia
- Monastery of Sant Jeroni de Cotalba
- Route of the Monasteries of Valencia
- Duke of Gandía.
- Source: Las Provincias.El turismo local se promociona con la Ruta de los Borja..
- Source: ABC. Paseo por la historia de los Borja..
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Route of the Borgias.|
- The Route of the Borgias (English) (Spanish) (French)
- The Route of the Borgias in Gandía (Spanish)
- The Route of the Borgias in Xativa (English)
- The route at the provínce of Valencia (Spanish)
- Guide of the route in pdf (English)
- Website of the Monastery of Sant Jeroni de Cotalba (English) (Spanish)
- Website of the Ducal Palace of Gandía (English) (Spanish)
- Website of the Collegiate Basilica of Santa María of Gandía (Spanish)
- Monastery of Santa Maria de la Valldigna (Spanish)
- Website of the Collegiate Basilica of Xàtiva (Spanish)
- Official site of Valencia Cathedral (English) (Spanish)
- University of Valencia (English) (Spanish)
- Website of the Borgias Palace (Valencian Parliament) (English) (Spanish)