Rowan-Salisbury School System

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Rowan-Salisbury School System
Rowan–Salisbury Schools logo.jpg
Type and location
Grades PK–12
Established 1989
Region North Carolina Piedmont
Country United States
Location Rowan County, NC
District information
Superintendent Lynn Moody
Accreditation Southern Association of Colleges and Schools
Schools 35
Budget $190,480,000
NCES District ID 3704050[1]
Students and staff
Students 20,460
Teachers 1,400.69 (on FTE basis)
Staff 1,345.21 (on FTE basis)
Student-teacher ratio 14.61:1
Other information
Website www.rss.k12.nc.us

The Rowan-Salisbury School System (also called Rowan-Salisbury Schools) is a PK12 graded school district in North Carolina covering nearly all of Rowan County including the city of Salisbury. The second largest employer in the county, the system's 35 schools serve 20,460 students as of 2010–2011. Salisbury split off from the original county-wide system in 1921, but merged back into the county system in 1989.

Richard Miller chairs the seven-member Board of Education with Lynn Moody serving as the fourth superintendent of the combined system. The system and school board have won several awards, including two statewide Teachers of the Year and two Blue Ribbon schools.

History[edit]

The history of public education in Rowan County really began shortly after the state passed its first common school law in 1839. The state was then divided into several school districts.[2] District number 22 (called the Setzer School District) covered Rowan County and was based out of Setzer School, a one room log school built in 1840's just east of China Grove.[3]

The first public schools in Rowan were established in 1847. Several citizens interested in education met and formed the Board of Superintendents of Common Schools of Rowan County on May 8, 1847. They elected Hamilton C. Jones as their first chairman. That year, they worked to hire teachers, choose/elect superintendents and divide the county into 47 separate school districts.[4]

Rowan County Public Schools[edit]

Educational progress happened more rapidly in the city of Salisbury than in the rest of the county. While Salisbury's schools grew, schools in the rest of Rowan County lagged far behind. After the city school system split off, the difference became more noticeable as a report from John H. Cook from the North Carolina College for Women (now, University of North Carolina at Greensboro) around 1924 called the county's schools the worst in North Carolina. At the time, the county only had 36 schools many of which were only one or two room buildings. Cook devised a plan for school improvement and new school construction which the county commissioners and the citizens promptly adopted in 1924. Soon thereafter, a school construction boom created 18 schools with at least eight rooms each.[5]

Racial desegregation became a tough issue for many in the Rowan County Schools system. The separate Black schools were phased out, but many opposed to racial integration still put up a fight. This was aggravated by a strong Klan presence in the area. Notable incidents included 12 people arrested in 1967, including Rowan County's Registrar of Deeds, for threats, shootings, and bombings;[6][7] as well as student protests over the playing of the song "Dixie" at school football games at integrated South Rowan High School caused the closing of the school for a few days.[8][9]

Salisbury City Schools[edit]

When the Board of Superintendents set up the county school districts, the town of Salisbury fell into district 27. In 1847, monies apportioned to operate the school in the district totaled $221. The first teachers of the district were Susan Giles and Eleanor Fulton.[4] This Salisbury Graded School District was centered on the school and offices on Ellis Street. Later the area would become known as the Ellis Street Graded School District. The Salisbury Graded School had grown much from its origins and the city build a high School separate from the other grades in 1904. This was only the second high school built in North Carolina after Wilmington.[5]

The former J. C. Price High School

Prior to the establishment of Salisbury City Schools, the school district fell under control of the county school system. The district was managed jointly by the City of Salisbury and the district's Board of Trustees. The official beginning of Salisbury City Schools as a separate system began on March 3, 1921, when the North Carolina General Assembly adopted the law that allowed a separate Board of Education to run the system.[4]

The next few years saw the construction of several schools. Most notable are the Wiley School, Boyden High School and Price High School. The Calvin H. Wiley School, built 1916–18, was expanded in 1921. It was used as a school building until 1983 and is now on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).[10] Another prominent school built in 1926, was Boyden High School, named for Archibald Henderson Boyden, an educator who was then Mayor of Salisbury.[11] J. C. Price High School was an African American school that served students in the system from 1932 until 1969 when it was integrated into Boyden High School, which then became Salisbury High School in 1970. Both the Boyden High School site[12] and the Price High School site are also on the NRHP.[13]

Merger[edit]

The current Rowan-Salisbury School System was formed in 1989 with the merger of Rowan County Schools and Salisbury City Schools.[14] The process leading up to the merger was difficult and almost not approved several times. Declining enrollment in both the city and county systems (especially the city system) and a general move towards "white flight" from the more urban and minority-heavy city schools had prompted discussions of merging the systems. At issue in the merger talks primarily was redistricting and racial balance in the schools. However, the separate city and county school boards approved a merger plan on October 16, 1987. This was soon approved by the Rowan County Commission and the State Board of Education.[15] Adding to the stresses of the merger process, a red measles outbreak in 1989 limited school activities and athletics in Rowan and Cabarrus counties for several weeks.[16][17] Since the merger, the system has become the second-largest employer in Rowan County.[18]

In 2006, the school board made headlines when students at South Rowan High School started up a gay–straight alliance club at their school. In response to public complaint, led by Flip Benham of Operation Save America[19] from neighboring Cabarrus county, the Board of Education adopted a policy banning "Sex-based student clubs" at all schools in the system. The combined system handled around 16,000 students in 1990.[20]

Even decades after the merger consolidated the systems, the school district has no central office, instead spreading administrative tasks over five office locations across Rowan County.[14] The move towards a central office for the system has been contentious in the county. Disagreements between the county commission and the school board have delayed finalizing plans and construction.[21] The Salisbury City Council even agreed to help fund construction of a central office.[22]

Student demographics[edit]

For the 2010–2011 school year, Rowan-Salisbury Schools had a total population of 20,460 students and 1,400.69 teachers on a (FTE) basis. This created a student-teacher ratio of 14.61:1.[1] The same year, out of the total student population, the gender ratio was 51% male to 49% female. The demographic group makeup was: White, 65%; Black, 19%; Hispanic, 12%; Asian/Pacific Islander, 1%; and American Indian, 0% (two or more races, 2%).[23] For the same school year, 60.51% of the students received free and reduced-cost lunches.[24]

In 2012, nearly 70% of Rowan-Salisbury School System elementary students receive free or reduced lunches, according to Amy Goodnight, executive director of Food for Thought.[25]

Governance and funding[edit]

Ellis St. Administrative Building in Salisbury, NC.

The primary governing body of the Rowan-Salisbury School System follows a council–manager government format with a seven-member Board of Education appointing a Superintendent to run the day-to-day operations of the system. The system currently resides in the North Carolina State Board of Education's Seventh District.[26]

Board of education[edit]

The seven-member Rowan-Salisbury Board of Education generally meets on the fourth Monday of each month. The members are chosen in non-partisan elections by the whole county, but must come from one of the six high school districts or the special area district. The board serves four-year, staggered terms with elections every two years. Its current members are: Richard Miller (Chairperson), North area; Kay Wright Norman (Vice-Chairperson), West area; Chuck Hughes, Salisbury area; Josh Wagner, East area; Susan Cox, Southeast area; W. Jean Kennedy, Special area; and L. A. Overcash, South area.[27]

Superintendent[edit]

The district has had five superintendents since the merger. Don Martin was chosen from outside the county to lead the newly merged school district. He served from 1989 until leaving in 1994 to lead the Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools.[28][29] Joe McCann, who had previously worked for the county school system before the merger was chosen as the next superintendent, serving from 1995 until 2000.[30] Then, Wiley Doby served as the district leader 2001–2006.[31]

Judy Grissom was chosen to replace Wiley Doby as superintendent when his contract expired on April 1, 2006. A native of Rowan County, Grissom once worked for the school system and, most previously, was associate superintendent for the Alamance-Burlington School System.[32] In 2011, Grissom won Superintendent of the Year for the southwest region and was a finalist for the statewide award.[33]

The current superintendent of the Rowan-Salisbury School System is Lynn Moody. She was most recently superintendent of Rock Hill Schools system. Moody was chosen to replace Judy Grissom as superintendent starting in October, 2013.[34]

Funding[edit]

Public school districts in North Carolina do not have their own taxation authority, they are fiscally dependent on the State and their respective county Board of Commissioners. The county Boards of Commissioners vote on funding levels proposed by the school system.[35]

Prior to the merger of the city and county systems, spending per-pupil differed greatly between the city and county schools. The City of Salisbury supplemented the spending more than the County of Rowan did. Spending per-pupil equalized to be greater than what the Rowan County Public Schools public schools spent previously, but a report in 2005 showed that spending to be consistently below the state average.[36]

The Blanche & Julian Robertson Family Foundation has awarded several grants Rowan-Salisbury Schools.[37]

Member schools[edit]

The Rowan-Salisbury School System has 35 schools ranging from pre-kindergarten to twelfth grade, including an early college high school. Those 35 schools are separated into 8 high schools, 7 middle schools and 20 elementary schools.[38] The system's high schools often hold their graduation ceremonies at Catawba College's Keppel Auditorium.[39]

High schools[edit]

Middle schools[edit]

There are seven middle schools in the system. Knox Middle School has been chosen to become the district's first STEM middle school.[40]

  • China Grove Middle School (Red Devils) – China Grove
  • Corriher-Lipe Middle School (Yellow Jackets) – Landis
  • Erwin Middle School (Eagles) – Granite Quarry
  • Knox Middle School (Trojans) – Salisbury
  • North Rowan Middle School (Mavericks) – Spencer
  • Southeast Middle School (Patriots) – Salisbury
  • West Rowan Middle School (Bulldogs) – Cleveland

Elementary schools[edit]

Overton Elementary School
  • Bostian Elementary School (Bulldogs) – China Grove
  • China Grove Elementary School (Cardinals) – China Grove
  • Cleveland Elementary School (Eagles) – Cleveland
  • Enochville Elementary School (Wise Owls) – Enochville
  • Faith Elementary School (Firecrackers) – Faith
  • Granite Quarry Elementary School (Dragons) – Granite Quarry
  • Hanford-Dole Elementary School (Bobcats) – Salisbury
  • Hurley Elementary School (All Stars) – Salisbury
  • Isenberg Elementary School (Investigators) – Salisbury
  • Knollwood Elementary School (Knights) – Salisbury
  • Koontz Elementary School (Panthers) – Salisbury
  • Landis Elementary School (Mini Jackets) – Landis
  • Millbridge Elementary School (Musketeers) – China Grove
  • Morgan Elementary School (Broncos) – Gold Hill
  • Mount Ulla Elementary School (Monarchs) – Mount Ulla
  • North Rowan Elementary School (Steamers) – Spencer
  • Overton Elementary School (Explorers) – Salisbury
  • Rockwell Elementary School (Roadrunners) – Rockwell
  • Shive Elementary School (Stingers) – Rockwell
  • Woodleaf Elementary School (Eagles) – Woodleaf

Horizons Unlimited[edit]

The school system also manages Horizons Unlimited, a facility behind Knox Middle School that includes the 1842 Setzer School building, a 32-acre wetland preserve, a planetarium, several aquaria, a rainforest habitat, and several Native American artifacts. It oversees the largest WILD Environmental Education Site in North Carolina with a 600-acre research area. The structure itself houses nearly 20,000 square feet of classroom and exhibit space.[41][42][43] Horizons hosts the North Carolina Region 6A Science and Engineering Fair[44] and is a member of the Coalition on the Public Understanding of Science (COPUS).[45]

Athletics[edit]

Athletic departments for the district schools are members of the North Carolina High School Athletic Association. They compete in various sports over three different conferences. North Rowan is a 1A school in the Yadkin Valley Conference. Salisbury High is a 2A school in the Central Carolina Conference. Carson, East, South, and West Rowan are all 3A schools in the North Piedmont Conference. Rowan County Early College and Henderson Independent do not have athletic teams.[46] Prior to 2008, North Rowan was a 2A school in the Central Carolina Conference, but when enrollment at the school decreased, the NCHSAA dropped the school to 1A status and moved them to another conference.[47]

In baseball, Salisbury High won one 3A state championship in 1955. East Rowan won two 3A state titles in 1995 and 2010.[48] Football has seen more successes with Salisbury winning 3A state titles in 1955 and 1957 as well as a 2-AA title in 2010. West Rowan won three straight 3A state championships from 2008 to 2010,[49] which included two straight undefeated seasons with a 46-game winning streak.[50][51] J. C. Price High School won the Black schools athletic association (the North Carolina High School Athletic Conference) state AA championship in 1952.[52]

Achievements and awards[edit]

West Rowan High School

The Rowan-Salisbury School System has had two schools listed as Blue Ribbon Schools: West Rowan High School (1990–91) and China Grove Elementary School (1989–90).[53]

The system was ranked ninth nationally in the Large Student Population District category of the Center for Digital Education's Digital School Districts Survey. The ranking shows the district's "use of technology to govern the district, communicate with students, parents and the community and to improve district operations".[54] In 2012, the Board of Education was recognized with the North Carolina School Board Association's overall grand prize in the Award of Excellence In Educational Programs.[55]

Two employees of the school district have won the North Carolina School Psychology Association Practitioner of the Year Award: Ann Hammonds Long in 1993 and Shirley Bowles in 2000.[56] Rowan-Salisbury School System has had two teachers recognized as a North Carolina Department of Public Instruction Teacher of the Year: Cynthia B. Zeger-Ostherhus from Salisbury City Schools for 1987–88 and Sandra Davis Rogers from Rowan County Schools for 1989–90. None have won since the merger.[57] In 2005, the system's technology director, Phillip J. Hardin received the North Carolina Technology Educator Award in the administrator category from the state Department of Public Instruction.[58] Also, Theresa Pierce, from Horizons Unlimited, was named the North Carolina Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History Teacher of the Year in 2009.[59][60]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Search for Public School Districts – District Detail for Rowan-Salisbury Schools". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ "History of the North Carolina State Board of Education". NCPublicSchools.org. NC State Board of Education. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Setzer School". StoppingPoints.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Daniel, Charles F. (May 28, 1939). "Public School System Here Completes 92 Years". The Salisbury Post. 
  5. ^ a b Brawley, James S. (1977). Rowan County: a brief history. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Division of Archives and History. pp. 131–133. 
  6. ^ "12 Arrests Only Part Of Crackdown". The Robesonian. AP. July 19, 1967. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Prosecution To Rest Case In Rowan Conspiracy Trial". The Lexington Dispatch. UPI. January 11, 1968. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Students Stage Walkouts in Rowan And Iredell". The Lexington Dispatch. UPI. September 29, 1970. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  9. ^ "South Rowan Schools Are Reopening". The Hendersonville Times-News. UPI. September 28, 1970. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Calvin H. Wiley School". County of Rowan, North Carolina. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Salisbury Graded School - Salisbury High School". Theo. Buerbaum's Salisbury. Rowan Public Library. Retrieved 31 October 2011. 
  12. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  13. ^ Wineka, Mark (December 14, 2011). "Sign commemorates Price High School". The Salisbury Post. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 
  14. ^ a b Campbell, Sarah (July 1, 2011). "Developer offers plans for central office downtown for schools". The Salisbury Post. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  15. ^ Ellison, Soya (March 17, 1995). "Rowan-Salisbury school merger didn't come easily". The Lexington Dispatch. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Measles keeps Rowan County at Home". Wilmington Morning Star. UPI. January 17, 1989. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  17. ^ Wehrle, Bruce (February 2, 1989). "Davidson Bans Games Against Rowan, Cabarrus". The Lexington Dispatch. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Major Employers and Industries 2011". RowanWorks.com. Salisbury-Rowan Economic Development Commission. Retrieved November 17, 2011. 
  19. ^ Valle, Kirsten (April 8, 2006). "Group condemns high school alliance". Salisbury Post. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  20. ^ Valle, Kirsten (April 11, 2006). "School Board bans SRHS's Gay/Straight Alliance". Salisbury Post. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  21. ^ Campbell, Sarah (January 11, 2013). "County, school board leaders' meeting cut short". The Salisbury Post. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  22. ^ Campbell, Sarah (January 4, 2013). "School board, Salisbury City Council agree to pursue joint financing for central office project". The Salisbury Post. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Percentage of Students in Each Demographic Group". North Carolina's School Report Cards. North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  24. ^ "2010–2011". Free & Reduced Meals Application Data. NC Department of Public Instruction. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Food for Thought backpack feeding program gains non-profit status". The Salisbury Post. September 23, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Education Districts". NC State Board of Education. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Board of Education". Rowan-Salisbury School System website. Rowan-Salisbury School System. Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  28. ^ "School superintendent Martin announces plans to retire". Winston-Salem Journal. September 13, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Superintendent Donald L. Martin, Jr.". Winson-Salem/Forsyth County Schools. Archived from the original on February 11, 2002. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Lessons from Joe McCann". Salisbury Post. November 5, 2006. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  31. ^ Valle, Kristen (November 22, 2005). "School chief resigns". Salisbury Post. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  32. ^ Valle, Kristen (April 7, 2006). "'It's like a joyful homecoming'". Salisbury Post. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  33. ^ Campbell, Sarah (November 8, 2011). "Grissom a finalist for Superintendent of the Year". Salisbury Post. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  34. ^ Minn, Karissa (August 27, 2013). "Lynn Moody named as Rowan-Salisbury’s new superintendent". The Salisbury Post. Retrieved February 1, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Fiscal Independence Issue Brief" (PDF). NCSBA website. North Carolina School Boards Association. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  36. ^ Valle, Kirsten (July 17, 2005). "Years after merger, school system can't reach state spending average". The Salisbury Post. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Past Recipients". BJRFF website. Blanche & Julian Robertson Family Foundation. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  38. ^ "Rowan-Salisbury School System". North Carolina's School Report Cards. North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  39. ^ "News & Events". Catawba.edu. Catawba College. June 1, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  40. ^ Verity, Cindy. "Knox named a STEM school". News & Press: News. NC Network of Grantmakers. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Horizons Unlimited". North Carolina Office of Environmental Education. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  42. ^ "Horizons Unlimited". LEARN NC website. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  43. ^ "Horizons Unlimited". Rowan-Salisbury Schools. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  44. ^ "Regional Fairs". North Carolina Science and Engineering Fair. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  45. ^ "Horizons Unlimited". COPUS Participants. Coalition on the Public Understanding of Science. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  46. ^ "NCHSAA CONFERENCES 2012–13" (PDF). NCHSAA website. NCHSAA. Retrieved December 13, 2012. 
  47. ^ Huffman, Steve (March 5, 2008). "School board joins community in effort to keep North a 2A school". The Salisbury Post. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  48. ^ "Baseball State Champions". North Carolina High School Athletic Association. June 2012. pp. 3, 10. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  49. ^ "NCHSAA Football State Champions". North Carolina High School Athletic Association. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  50. ^ "West Rowan Football Year-by-Year Results". MaxPreps. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  51. ^ Fowler, Scott (February 10, 2013). "West Rowan a blue-collar football dynasty". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved September 15, 2012. 
  52. ^ "North Carolina High School Athletic Conference". North Carolina High School Athletic Association. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  53. ^ "Blue Ribbon Schools 1982–2002" (PDF). US Department of Education. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  54. ^ "Top Ten U.S. School Districts Honored for Technology Know-How". Center for Digital Education. April 24, 2012. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  55. ^ Whisenant, David (December 11, 2012). "Rowan Salisbury School Board honored". WBTV. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  56. ^ "NCSPA Practitioner Of The Year Award Winners". NCSPA website. NC School Psychology Assoc. Archived from the original on July 19, 2008. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  57. ^ "Teachers of the Year". NC Public Schools website. NC Department of Public Instruction. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  58. ^ Valle, Kirsten (December 3, 2005). "Tech director for Rowan-Salisbury Schools receives state award". Salisbury Post. Retrieved November 17, 2011. 
  59. ^ "Passion for history wins state award for Pierce". The Salisbury Post. December 1, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  60. ^ "2009 State Winners". Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 

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