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|Rowland Richard Louis Bourke|
|Born||28 November 1891
|Died||29 August 1958|
|Buried at||Royal Oak Burial Park, Victoria, British Columbia|
|Allegiance|| United Kingdom
|Service/branch|| Royal Navy
Royal Canadian Navy
|Years of service||1916–1919 (UK), 1941–1950 (Canada)|
|Unit||Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
Distinguished Service Order
Rowland Richard Louis Bourke, VC, DSO (28 November 1885 – 29 August 1958) was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Bourke was born in London, England and emigrated to Canada in 1902. He returned to the UK on the outbreak of World War I, and after initially being rejected due to poor eyesight, he enlisted in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve in 1916.
At the outbreak of World War I, Bourke volunteered to enlist in the Canadian military. He was rejected by all three arms of service due to poor eyesight. Undeterred, Bourke returned to England, at his own expense, where he successfully joined the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve serving on Motor Launches.
In April 1918, Bourke volunteered his Motor Launch to participate in the blockading of the Belgian harbour of Zeebrugge-Ostend, during the First Ostend Raid. The Motor Launches were detailed to rescue personnel from ships sunk in the blockade effort. Initially rejected from participating due to his eyesight, Bourke continued to volunteer his launch, despite knowing that volunteering put him and his crew in great peril. During action on the night of 23 April, Bourke’s launch picked up 38 sailors from the blockship HMS Brilliant and towed the crippled ML 532 out of the harbour. For showing "the greatest coolness and skill in handling his motor-launch", Bourke was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO).
Victoria Cross action
On 9 and 10 May 1918 at Ostend, Belgium, after the crew of HMS Vindictive had been taken off, Bourke, commanding Motor Launch 276, went into the harbour to check that everybody had got away. After searching and finding no one, he withdrew, but hearing cries from the water he turned back, found an officer and two seamen clinging to an up-turned boat, and rescued them. During this time the motor launch was under very heavy fire and was hit 55 times, once by a 6-inch shell which killed two of her crew and did considerable damage. Lieutenant Bourke, however, managed to take her into the open sea, and was taken in tow. In recognition of his gallantry and devotion to duty, Bourke was gazetted the Victoria Cross on 28 August 1918.
Second World War
Prior to the start of World War II, Bourke was instrumental in organizing a Fishermen's Reserve, to patrol the west coast of Canada. He served as a recruiting officer for a period of time but in 1941 he returned to sea, with the Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve. He served as Commander of HMCS Givenchy, HMCS Esquimalt, and HMCS Burrard, Vancouver. He ended his naval career in 1950 in the rank of Commander serving with the Royal Canadian Navy.
Death and legacy
The Canadian Hydrographic Service named Mount Bourke in 1945. It is located southwest of Megin Lake and northeast of Hot Springs Cove, north of Tofino, British Columbia. Mount Bourke is located at latitude 49°27′56 and longitude 126°11′02.
- The London Gazette: . 18 February 1919.
- "Commander Rowland Bourke, VC, DSO". Navalandmilitarymuseum.org. 1918-09-01. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 19 July 1918.
- The London Gazette: . 27 August 1918.
- hmcsmalahat. "Commander Rowland Bourke - a set on Flickr". Flickr.com. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- Monuments to Courage (David Harvey, 1999)
- The Register of the Victoria Cross (This England, 1997)
- VCs of the First World War - The Naval VCs (Stephen Snelling, 2002)