Rowland Brotherhood (or sometimes Roland Brotherhood) was a British engineer. He was born in Middlesex in 1812 and died in Bristol in 1883. He married Priscilla Penton in 1835 and they had 14 children, one also called Rowland who played cricket for Gloucestershire, another called Peter. Most were engineers.
In 1841 he moved to Chippenham, Wiltshire, bought Orwell House, and opened a blacksmiths business. Contract work for the GWR continued until 1861 when there was a dispute with the GWR. From 1861 to 1869 Brotherhood built components for railways and bridges across the British Empire.
From 1877 to 1879 Brotherhood assisted his son, also called Rowland, in sinking shafts for the Severn Tunnel.
Rowland Brotherhood (senior) died at his home in Bristol on 4 March 1883, and is buried there in Arnos Vale Cemetery.
Peter Brotherhood Limited
Rowland Brotherhood's second son, Peter (1838–1902), became in 1867 a partner in the engineers and millwrights business of Brotherhood and Kittoe in Clerkenwell when their main product was brewing machinery. After Kittoe's retirement in 1871 this firm mainly produced machines of Brotherhood's own invention, in particular the Brotherhood engine which could be powered by steam, water or compressed air. Put to many uses it drove the Navy's Whitehead torpedoes and was used in the torpedoes of other navies as well. A restored Kittoe and Brotherhood beam engine of 1867 can be seen at the Coldharbour Mill museum in Devon - it was supplied to the Whitechapel Albion brewery.
In 1903 Peter's only surviving son, Stanley (1880–1938), moved the works from the Lambeth premises taken in 1881 to Peterborough where it continues as Peter Brotherhood Limited manufacturing "From steam turbines to gas compressors, from wind turbines to combined heat and power".
- Anita McConnell, 'Brotherhood, Peter (1838–1902)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
- "A Centenary Note – R. Brotherhood". www.irsociety.co.uk. Retrieved 6 March 2009.
- "Chippenham Town Council – Rowland Brotherhood". www.chippenham.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 March 2009.[dead link]
- Chippenham Museum and Heritage Centre website
- Peter Brotherhood Limited (from 2008 Dresser Rand)
- Coldharbour Mill Steam Group page on the restoration of the Kittoe and Brotherhood beam engine
- Brotherhood engine revived on YouTube
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