Roxas, Capiz

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Not to be confused with President Roxas, Capiz.
Roxas
City
City of Roxas
Dakbanwa sang Roxas
Lungsod ng Roxas
Roxas City Plaza, at night
Roxas City Plaza, at night
Official seal of Roxas
Seal
Nickname(s): Seafood Capital of the Philippines
Map of Capiz showing the location of Roxas City
Map of Capiz showing the location of Roxas City
Roxas is located in Philippines
Roxas
Roxas
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°35′N 122°45′E / 11.583°N 122.750°E / 11.583; 122.750Coordinates: 11°35′N 122°45′E / 11.583°N 122.750°E / 11.583; 122.750
Country  Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Province Capiz
Legislative district 1st district of Capiz
Founded 1693
Cityhood May 12, 1951
Barangays 47
Government[1]
 • Mayor Angel Alan B. Celino (Liberal Party)
Area[2]
 • Total 95.07 km2 (36.71 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 156,197
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 5800
Dialing code 36
Income class 2nd class city
Website roxascity.gov.ph

Roxas, officially the City of Roxas or Roxas City, is a medium-sized city in the province of Capiz, Philippines. It is considered as one of Panay Island's center of education, trade, economic activity and logistics. Once known as the Municipality of Capiz, the origin of the present name of the province, was renamed into Roxas City in honor of native Manuel Roxas, the First President of the Philippine Third Republic, after it became a chartered city on May 12, 1951.

Languages spoken in Roxas City are Capiznon and Hiligaynon.

Based on the 2010 census of population, the city has a population of 156,197[3] and a density of 1,542.89/km2 (3,996.07/sq mi) people with 95.4% literacy.[4]

The abundance of marine life makes Roxas City the "Seafood Capital of the Philippines." It has received Cleanest and Greenest Component City in Western Visayas Award in the Gawad Pangulo sa Kapaligiran (GPK) Cleanliness and Environmental contest. The Department of Health (DOH) awarded the city with the Red Orchid Award for being "100 percent tobacco-free." It has also gained the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) Seal of Good Housekeeping and won the Best Police Station in the region by the Philippine National Police.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Roxas City is situated just east of the north-central coast of Panay Island with geographic coordinates of 11°35' N, 122°45' E. Its boundaries are: the Sibuyan Sea to the north, the municipality of Panitan to the south, the municipality of Ivisan to the west, and the municipality of Panay to the East. It is located 250 nautical miles (460 km) southeast of Manila and 135 kilometres (84 mi) northeast of Iloilo City(Regional Capital). Travel time to Manila is 45 minutes by air and 18 hours by sea.

Barangays[edit]

The City of Roxas is politically subdivided into 47 barangays of which 31 are urban and 16 are rural. It is classified as a second Class Component City belonging to the first political district of the Province of Capiz along with the Municipality of Ma-ayon, Panay, Panitan, Pilar, Pontevedra, and President Roxas.

  • Bago
  • Balijuagan
  • Banica
  • Barangay 1
  • Barangay 2
  • Barangay 3
  • Barangay 4
  • Barangay 5
  • Barangay 6
  • Barangay 7
  • Barangay 8
  • Barangay 9
  • Barangay 10
  • Barangay 11
  • Barra
  • Bato
  • Baybay
  • Bolo
  • Anhawon
  • Adlawan
  • Cabugao
  • Cagay
  • Cogon
  • Culajao
  • Culasi
  • Dumolog
  • Dayao
  • Dinginan
  • Gabu-an
  • Inzo Arnaldo Village (Cadimahan)
  • Jumaguicjic
  • Lanot
  • Lawa-an
  • Li-ong
  • Libas
  • Loctugan
  • Lonoy
  • Milibili
  • Mongpong
  • Olotayan
  • Punta Cogon
  • Punta Tabuc
  • San Jose
  • Sibaguan
  • Talon
  • Tanque
  • Tanza
  • Tiza

History[edit]

In 1569, Captain Diego de Artieda who was sent by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi from Cebu, landed on the town of Panay and proclaimed it as the capital. Later the capital was moved to its present site upon realising that the town of Capiz was near the sea with better docking facilities. The Spaniards saw the long coastal cover and envisioned a trading and shipping center. Ports were constructed in Libas and later in Culasi.

A river meanders across the town, dividing it in two. Tributaries from the mountains flowed into the head of Panay River through settlements formed along its shores, irrigating and fertilizing the land. It provides water to fishponds during high tide.

In 1590, the navy of Acapulco, Mexico made Capiz Port its naval yard where ships sought shelter when the sea was rough. Capiz grew into a bustling port and houses of stone were built. The social and political status enjoyed by the native chieftains of Capiz often resulted in mixed marriages with the Spaniards. The mestizo descendants became the base of the principalia or influential citizens. Their privileged positions allowed them to build houses around the favored square of the poblacion - around the church and the government complex.

Their children became the beneficiaries of the Augustinian mission in 1593.

In 1746, Capiz was made the seat of the politico-military government, although it was ecclesiastically controlled by the Bishopric of Cebu. In the latter part of 1795, under Gobernadorcillo Miguel Bautista, the old road to Baybay Beach was built as an extension of San Roque Street.

The town of Capiz was frequently attacked by Muslims that in 1814, stone forts at Baybay Beach (Baluarte) were built through the initiative of Gobernadorcillo Jose Consolacion.

In 1870, the ground was broken for the foundation of the Cathedral of Capiz under the guidance of Reverend Apolonio Alvarez. It was built by sturdy hands, sweat and blood of Capizeños who were victims of forced labor.

In 1876, the diocese of Jaro in Iloilo was erected and Capiz came under its jurisdiction. In 1877, the cathedral was finally finished. Prior to its construction, a chapel was built in Burgos Street beside the municipal building.

In August 1899, the Spanish colonial government represented by Governor Juan Herrero formally surrendered to General Ananias Diokno in Baybay Beach.

Economic debacle hit the town of Capiz in 1914 when the Ayala Distillery grounded to a halt. What could have been an ambitious forerunner of nationalized industrialization became the victim of the Internal Revenue Law under American control.

In 1917, Division Superintendent of Schools F.E. Hemingway founded Capiz Trade School for intermediate pupils and offered woodworking as the only vocational course. The next division superintendent opened Capiz High School.

In 1926, Division Superintendent Arthur Wittman authorized teaching of complete secondary curriculum in the Capiz Trade School. In the same year, Culasi Port was built to accommodate inter-island ships.

On February 15, 1951 the diocese of Capiz became a separate ecclesiastical jurisdiction from Jaro. Its first bishop was Msgr. Manuel Yap. In the same year, former Vice Mayor Libertad Conlu became the first female mayor of Capiz.

Capiz became a chartered city on May 12, 1951 through House Bill 1528 sponsored by Ramon Acuña Arnaldo, the representative of the First District of Capiz. It was approved by President Elpidio Quirino on April 11, 1951 as Republic Act 603.[5] Consequently, the town was named Roxas City after her greatest son, President Manuel Acuña Roxas, the last president of the Commonwealth and the first president of the Philippine Republic.

The first appointed mayor was Lorenzo Acuña Arnaldo followed by Ramon Berjamin Blanco, Jose Dorado and Juliano Alovera Alba. In 1959, Lorenzo Acuña Arnaldo again became the head of the city as the first elected mayor. The next mayor was Teodoro Roxas Arcenas who was succeeded by Juliano Alovera Alba who was also the representative of the First District of Capiz at the House of Congress when Martial Law was declared.

Hon. Antonio A. Del Rosario, who is now the Congressman of the 1st District of Capiz, was elected to three terms as mayor of Roxas City, serving from 1998 to 2007.

Hon. Vicente B. Bermejo, who is the former governor of the province of Capiz, was elected mayor and served for three years, from 2007 to 2010.

The incumbent mayor of Roxas City is Hon. Angel Alan B. Celino, who also served as Vice Mayor of the city from 2004 to 2007.[6]

Statue of Manuel Roxas in Roxas City

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Roxas City
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 103,171 —    
1995 118,715 +2.85%
2000 126,352 +1.25%
2007 147,738 +2.26%
2010 156,197 +1.87%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][7]

Economy[edit]

Roxas City has an agri-based economy. Farming and fishing are the major economic activities which claim 37.05% of the city’s total land area. Although agricultural, the city is now moving towards commercialization and industrialization as it is the center of trade and commerce not only in the province of Capiz but also in the northern part of Panay Island.

The city gets its power from the Capiz Electric Cooperative (CAPELCO). The Metro Roxas Water District (MRWD) supplies drinking water to the populace, MRWD claims they have the cleanest and safest potable water in the region. Supplementing the water supplied by Metro Roxas Water District (MRWD) are wells with hand pumps and artesian wells which are constructed through the Barangay Water Program (BWP) and Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH).

The city's urban area now expanded to the southern part primarily on the site of the 400 hectare master-planned city within a city, Pueblo de Panay, which aims to build a new business district between Lawaan and Sibaguan highways. It is now occupied by several restaurants and hotels, 39 meter Sacred Heart of Jesus Shrine (the tallest in the Philippines), Sition Uno by Pueblo Residences (Roxas City's first ever condominium), and the 30,000 square meter Robinsons Place Roxas. Neighboring PdP in Barangay Sibaguan is the site Camella Capiz of Vista Land. SM Prime Holdings purchased a 102,309 square meter area in Baybay as the site of their upcoming super mall in the city. Nearby the decade-old Gaisano Grand Roxas is the location of the first of the many CityMalls of DoubleDragon Properties and SM Prime Holdings. Roxas City is experiencing a "real estate boom" due to rapid conversions of fishponds into subdivisions and commercial areas.

The National Port of Culasi and Roxas Airport serve as the main gateway to the city from the capital city of Manila. Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific Air has a daily flight to/from the capital city, Manila. The M/V Love-1 of Moreta Shipping Lines provides shipping going to Manila North Harbor and The Super Shuttle RoRo links Culasi to Batangas.

Festivals[edit]

Sinadya Sa Halaran[edit]

Roxas City Sinadya sa Halaran Beauty Pageant 2010
Roxas City Sinadya sa Halaran Beauty Pageant 2010

The Sinadya sa Halaran Festival is celebrated the first week of December in commemoration of the founding of the city followed by the Diwal Festival signifying the city's importance as the country's "Seafood Capital" along with the Aswang Festival that symbolizes the heritage of myth and folklore in the province.

There used to be two separate festivals, the Halaran ("Offering") and the Sinadya ("Celebration"), the former is celebrated by the Province of Capiz and the latter by the City of Roxas. The Sinadya was formerly held at the same time as the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, which was celebrated by the Immaculate Conception Metropolitan Cathedral. The Halaran was usually held by the last week of October each year (A prelude to All Souls Day and All Saints Day festivals). However, because of the costs of holding two separate festivals year, the two festivals were merged, with both the Province of Capiz and the City of Roxas contributing to the expenses.

Diwal Festival[edit]

The Roxas City Seafood Festival is held to commemorate and promote the resurgence of the Angel Wing or diwal, which neared extinction until protected and cultivated in Roxas City.[citation needed]

Capiztahan Festival[edit]

The Capiztahan is celebrated every second week of April combined joint forces from City of Roxas, Province of Capiz and One Capiz.

List of schools[edit]

Educational institutions abound in the city as students come from the other municipalities and nearby provinces to avail of a relatively low cost of tuition and fees.

Private schools[edit]

All private elementary, high school and colleges are members of Capiz Private Schools Association (CAPRISA).

Pre-elementary and elementary

High School

Public schools[edit]

Elementary

  • Adlawan Elementary School
  • Anatolia A. Arcenas Memorial School
  • Antonio Villasis Memorial School
  • Balijuagan Elementary School
  • Banica Elementary School
  • Barra Elementary School
  • Cogon Elementary School
  • Culasi Elementary School
  • Don Amando Bayot, Sr. Memorial School
  • Don Canuto Fuentes Elementary School
  • Don Conrado Barrios Memorial School
  • Don Francisco Dinglasan Memorial School
  • Don Gervacio Diaz Elementary School
  • Don Jose Acevedo Elementary School
  • Don Manuel Arnaldo Memorial School
  • Don Ynocencio del Rosario Memorial School
  • Doña Emiliana Alba Memorial School
  • Doña Vicenta Hontiveros Memorial School
  • Dumolog Elementary School
  • Inzo Arnaldo Village Elementary School
  • Katipunan Village Elementary School
  • Lawa-an Elementary School
  • Libas Elementary School
  • Loctugan Elementary School
  • Marcos Fuentes Integrated School
  • Mongpong Elementary School
  • Olotayan Elementary School
  • Paciano Bombaes Memorial School (Culajao)
  • Plaridel East Elementary School
  • Plaridel West Elementary School
  • Pres. Manuel A. Roxas Memorial School - SPED (Special Education School)
  • Pres. Manuel A. Roxas Memorial School - FL (Fast Learner)
  • Pres. Manuel A. Roxas Memorial School – North
  • Pres. Manuel A. Roxas Memorial School – South
  • Punta Cogon Elementary School
  • Rufina Andrada Santos Memorial School
  • Sofronio A. Cordovero Elementary School
  • Talon Elementary School
  • Tanza Elementary School
  • Venancio Alba Elementary School

High School

  • Bago National High School
  • Balijuagan National High School
  • Cong. Ramon A. Arnaldo High School (City of Roxas High School)
  • Capiz National High School
  • Capiz National High School - Special Science & Technology Class
  • Capiz National High School - School of the Future
  • Capiz National High School - School of Performing Arts
  • Capiz National High School - Night Class
  • Capiz National High School - Alternative Learning System
  • Capiz State University - Laboratory High School
  • Culasi National High School
  • Dumolog National High School
  • Marcos Fuentes Integrated School
  • Milibili National High School
  • Roxas City School for Philippine Craftsmen
  • Tanque National High School
  • Tanque National High School - Dayao Extension

Colleges and universities[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

  • Roxas Memorial Provincial Hospital (formerly Roxas Memorial General Hospital)
  • Capiz Emmanuel Hospital[8]
  • St. Anthony College Hospital
  • Capiz Doctors' Hospital
  • The Health Centrum Medical Tourism Park (integrated hospital, hotel and mall complex)

Malls and Shopping Centers[edit]

  • Carol Square Plaza
  • City Square Trade Roxas
  • Gaisano Grand Roxas
  • Gaisano Grand Marketplace
  • Robinsons Place Roxas

Upcoming malls:

  • CityMall Roxas (u/c) - First Citymall in the Philippines, Expected to be finished in Q4 2014
  • Unitop Shopping Mall (u/c) - Expected to be finished in 2014
  • SM City Roxas - Planned 2016

Media[edit]

An asterisk marks the relay station direct feed from Manila or other areas from the networks except ABS-CBN, GMA Network and CCTN for inclusion of local commercial during the break and local production of the said networks.

Television networks[edit]

Local government media bureau[edit]

  • Capiz Provincial Press Bureau (print and broadcast)
  • Roxas City Press Bureau (print and broadcast)
  • Philippine Information Agency (PIA, print)

Cable television stations[edit]

  • Wesfardell Cable Communications
  • Filvision Alto Cable TV

Radio[edit]

AM Station[edit]

FM Station[edit]

Newspaper[edit]

Regional

  • Panay News
  • Sun Star
  • The Daily Guardian
  • The News Today
  • Visayan Daily Star

Local

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Capiz". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  4. ^ http://roxascity.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=81&Itemid=178
  5. ^ "An act creating the city of Roxas". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  6. ^ http://roxascity.gov.ph/new/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=75&Itemid=145
  7. ^ "Province of Capiz". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ TV5 (A.K.A ABC 5 over NTC retrieved via www.ntc.gov.ph 04-03-2014
  10. ^ TV5 soon to be broadcast in Roxas City via TV5 claims lead over GMA7 in viewer ratings for key provincial cities retrieved via www.interaksyon.com 11-23-2012
  11. ^ TV5 claims leadership over GMA in six key cities retrieved via www.manilatimes.net 1127-2012
  12. ^ TV5 overtakes GMA-7 in six key cities in the Philippines, based on Nielsen data retrieved via www.pep.ph 11-27-2012
  13. ^ Aksyon TV (A.K.A GV Bctg System over NTC website) retrieved via www.ntc.gov.ph 04-03-2014
  14. ^ Cadiz, Gibbs (2013-05-13). "National Artist for Theater Daisy Avellana dies; 96". Del Norte Triplicate. 

External links[edit]