Roy Halliday

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Sir Roy William "Gus" Halliday
Nickname(s) "Gus"
Born (1923-06-27)27 June 1923
Died 23 November 2007(2007-11-23) (aged 84)
Bank nr Lyndhurst, Hampshire
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1941–1978
Rank Vice-Admiral
Commands held 813 Naval Air Squadron
HMS Diligence
Commander (Air), HMS Albion
3rd Destroyer Squadron
Battles/wars Second World War
Awards KBE (1980)
DSC (1944)
Mentioned in Dispatches (1944)
Other work Chairman of Trustees of the Burma Star Association
Chairman of the British Military Power Boat Trust

Vice-Admiral Sir Roy William "Gus" Halliday KBE, DSC (27 June 1923 – 23 November 2007) was a British naval pilot who saw service in the Second World War, in the British Pacific Fleet and subsequently became Director-General Intelligence in Britain's Defence Intelligence Staff between 1981 and 1984.

War service[edit]

Halliday studied at William Ellis School and University College School before volunteering in 1939 for the Royal Navy. While he awaited his call-up papers, he worked as a trawler deck-hand on Breadwinner, out of Lowestoft. Initially entering service in 1941 as a naval rating at HMS Royal Arthur at Skegness, he was offered a commission as an officer in the RNVR[1] and training as a naval airman. His air training took place in the United States (still formally neutral at that time) at the naval air station at Grosse Ile, near Detroit and at Pensacola, Florida.[2] After qualifying, he was posted to a squadron of Grumman Avengers, aboard the escort carrier HMS Chaser in the Gulf of Mexico.[3]

Fleet Air Arm Avenger

After three months period on anti-submarine patrols in the north Atlantic, Halliday was posted to a shore station, RNAS Hatston in Orkney, guarding against sorties by German warships. In late 1943, Halliday's squadron was embarked on HMS Illustrious; they sailed for the Far East, arriving at Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in January 1944.[3] There were air raids on Japanese installations and in support of 14th Army operations.

Halliday had transferred to HMS Victorious by the time of the Meridian air raids by the British Pacific Fleet on oil refineries near Palembang on 24 January.[3] Halliday's aircraft was shot up during the raid and he was obliged to "ditch" his burning aircraft in the sea; he was rescued by HMS Whelp.[4] Whelp's first lieutenant, Prince Philip of Greece, lent Halliday a spare uniform and subsequently accompanied him on a "run ashore" in Fremantle.[2]

Halliday was back on Victorious in time to take part in the raids on the airfields on the Sakishima Islands in March to May 1945,[3] for his efforts, he was awarded a DSC in addition to the Mention in Dispatches earned during Operation Meridian.[1]

After the Japanese surrender, he learned that his cabin-mate, Ken Burrenston, who had been shot down over Palembang, had been beheaded by the Japanese at Changi, two days after the Japanese surrender.[2]

Post-war[edit]

Halliday returned to Britain on the troopship Rangitiki with his squadron commander, David Foster, who subsequently became president of Colgate-Palmolive. On return to the UK, he was offered, and accepted, a permanent commission in the Royal Navy (16 March 1946) and took up a post as a test pilot at Boscombe Down. There followed several postings to naval units: commander of 813 Naval Air Squadron on HMS Eagle; commander of HMS Diligence (a base at Hythe, Hampshire); senior officer of the 104th Minesweeping Squadron in the Far East. The 104th swept left-over Japanese mines in the Celebes Sea and chased pirates, who desisted once the ready use of capital punishment by the civil authorities became known.[2]

The next appointment was for two years as naval assistant to the Chief of Naval Information at the Admiralty. During this time, Halliday closed down a leak of information to the press. Another sea posting ensued in 1964, as second in command of commando carrier HMS Albion and commander of its air operations, for which he learnt to fly helicopters. Albion was a busy posting, supporting operations in the Radfan and Aden and in Borneo during the Indonesian Confrontation.[2]

He was appointed Deputy Director Naval Air Warfare in 1966, Captain Far East Fleet and Western Fleet in 1970 and Commodore Amphibious Warfare in 1971.[1] He went on to be Commodore Intelligence in 1973, Naval Attaché and Commander of the British Navy Staff in Washington D. C. in 1975 and Deputy Chief of Defence Staff (Intelligence) in 1978 before retiring in 1981.[1]

In retirement he served as Director-General Intelligence at the Ministry of Defence from 1981 to 1984.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hans Houterman & Jeroen Koppes (26 Dec 2007). "Halliday, Sir Roy William "Gus"". Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR) Officers 1939-1945. Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 Feb 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Vice-Admiral Sir 'Gus' Halliday". Daily Telegraph. 26 Dec 2007. Retrieved 9 Feb 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Vice-Admiral Sir Roy Halliday". World Naval Ships Forum. 27 Aug 2009. Retrieved 9 Feb 2010. 
  4. ^ Gatrell, Anthony (2004). "HMS Whelp: Reminiscences of a Young Naval Officer". WW2 People's War. BBC. Retrieved 6 Feb 2010. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Richard Wakeford
Deputy Chief of Defence Staff (Intelligence)
1978–1981
Succeeded by
Sir James Glover
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Aiken
Director-General Intelligence
1981–1984
Succeeded by
Post Disbanded