Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
|Royal Borough of
Kensington and Chelsea
|— London borough, Royal borough —|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Status||London borough, Royal borough|
|Incorporated||1 April 1965|
|• Type||London borough council|
|• Body||Kensington and Chelsea London Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)|
|• Mayor||Cllr James Husband|
|• MPs||Greg Hands (Con)
Sir Malcolm Rifkind (Con)
|• London Assembly||Kit Malthouse (Con) AM for West Central|
|• EU Parliament||London|
|• Total||4.68 sq mi (12.13 km2)|
|Area rank||325th (of 326)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Rank||115th (of 326)|
|• Density||34,000/sq mi ( 13,000/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||50.2% White British
2.7% White Irish
24.2% Other White
0.8% White & Black Caribbean
0.6% White & Black African
1.2% White & Asian
1.4% Other Mixed
1.4% Other Asian
2.2% Black Caribbean
3.5% Black African
0.6% Other Black
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|Police force||Metropolitan Police|
The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (often abbreviated to RBKC) is a central London borough of Royal borough status. It is an urban area and in the 2001 census it was the most densely populated local authority in the United Kingdom, with a population of 158,919 at 13,244 per square kilometre (the land area is approximately 12 square kilometres, making it the smallest of the London boroughs, excluding the City of London).
The borough is immediately to the west of the City of Westminster, which is at the heart of modern London, and to the east of Hammersmith & Fulham, and contains a substantial number of city-centre facilities such as major museums and universities (in "Albertopolis"); department stores like Harrods, Peter Jones and Harvey Nichols; is home to the Notting Hill Carnival, Europe's largest carnival; and several Embassies in Belgravia, Knightsbridge and Kensington Gardens. It contains many of the most exclusive residential districts in London, which are also some of the most expensive in the world.
The local authority is Kensington and Chelsea London Borough Council. The borough's motto is Quam Bonum in Unum Habitare, which translates approximately as 'How good it is to dwell in unity'.
The borough was created in 1965 from the former boroughs of Kensington and Chelsea. Kensington's Royal Borough status was inherited by the new borough. The new borough was originally to be called just 'Kensington' – the inclusion of Chelsea was locally supported.
Districts in The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea 
The borough includes:
- Bayswater (also partly in the City of Westminster)
- Belgravia (also partly in the City of Westminster)
- Earl's Court
- Holland Park
- Kensal Town (also partly in the City of Westminster)
- Knightsbridge (also partly in the City of Westminster)
- Ladbroke Grove
- North Kensington
- Notting Hill
- South Kensington
- West Brompton
- West Kensington (also partly in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham)
- World's End
According to the 2001 census, the borough has a population of 158,919. It is 79% White, 4% Black African and 3% Black Caribbean. Due to its high French population, mainly made up of bankers and associated household support staff, it has long held the unofficial title of the 21st arrondissement of Paris.
44% of households are owner–occupiers. As of October 2004[update], statistics released by the Office for National Statistics show that life expectancy at birth for females was 84.8 years in 2001–2003, the highest in the United Kingdom. Male life expectancy at birth for the same period was 79.8 years, third highest in the UK. The figures in 1991–1993 were significantly lower: 73.0 years for males (ranking 301st in the nation) and 80.0 for females (ranking 129th). Further investigation indicates a 12-year gap in life expectancy between the affluent wards of Chelsea (Royal Hospital, Hans Town) and the most northerly wards of North Kensington (Golborne, Dalgarno), which have high levels of social housing and poverty.
The borough's affluence is demonstrated by the fact that it has the largest number of high-earners (over £60,000) of any local government district in the country—16.6%. It has the highest number of workers in the financial sector and the lowest number working in the retail sector.
In December 2006, Sport England published a survey which revealed that the borough's residents were the fourth-most-active in England in sports and other fitness activities. 27.9% of the population participate at least three times a week for 30 minutes.
One of its more notable (and controversial) Leaders was Nicholas Freeman, from 1977 until 1989. The present Leader of the Council is Sir Merrick Cockell. He was elected in April 2000. Currently there are 42 Conservative councillors, 9 Labour and 3 Liberal Democrat.
The borough shares a Chief Executive with neighbouring Hammersmith & Fulham, and the two boroughs have combined a number of services and departments with one another and with Westminster City Council.
- Kensington, held by Sir Malcolm Rifkind for the Conservative Party, and
- Chelsea and Fulham, held by Greg Hands for the Conservative Party.
At the previous General Election, in 2005, the borough was divided differently:
- Kensington and Chelsea, held by Malcolm Rifkind for the Conservative Party, and
- Regent's Park and Kensington North, held by Karen Buck for the Labour Party.
|Evolution of Parliamentary constituencies in Kensington and Chelsea|
|From 1885||From Feb 1974||From 1997||From 2010|
|Kensington North||Kensington||Part of Regent's Park and Kensington North||Kensington|
|Kensington South||Kensington and Chelsea|
|Chelsea||Part of Chelsea and Fulham|
Public transport 
The borough has 12 tube stations, on six of the 12 London Underground lines:
with stations at South Kensington, Gloucester Road, Kensington High Street, Earl's Court, Sloane Square, West Brompton, Olympia, Notting Hill Gate, Holland Park, Latimer Road, Knightsbridge, Westbourne Park, Ladbroke Grove, and partly Kensal Green.
Chelsea (SW3, SW10 and partly SW1) has less Underground access than Kensington, the only station within Chelsea being Sloane Square. There are long-term plans for the Chelsea-Hackney line, with a station in the King's Road near Chelsea Old Town Hall, and possibly another at Sloane Square. Its estimated completion is 2022.
National Rail and Overground
Paddington and Victoria are the nearest major railway termini, and National Rail stations in the borough are Kensington (Olympia) and West Brompton, and partly Kensal Green, all both served by the London Overground.
Possible new Crossrail station
The borough council is pushing for an additional Crossrail station in the north of the borough, at Kensal off Ladbroke Grove & Canal Way. A turn-back facility will have to be built not too far west of Paddington, and siting the turn-back at Kensal rather than next to Paddington would provide a frequent service, helping to regenerate the area. London Mayor Boris Johnson stated that a station would be added if it met three tests: it must not delay construction of Crossrail; it must not compromise performance of Crossrail or any other railway; and it must not increase Crossrail's overall cost. In response, the borough council agreed to underwrite the projected £33 million cost of the station to the extent that section 106 payments from the promoters of property developments expected near the station do not reach this sum. The Council funded a consultancy study, which concluded that in many scenarios a Kensal station would not compromise Crossrail performance. TfL is conducting a feasibility study on the station. The project is supported by local MPs, the residents of the Borough, National Grid, retailers Sainsbury's and Cath Kidston, and Jenny Jones (Green Party member of the London Assembly). It is also supported by the adjoining London Borough of Brent.
The borough has a number of notable Christian churches, including:
- Brompton Oratory – Roman Catholic
- Chelsea Old Church (All Saints) – Church of England
- Holy Trinity Brompton – Church of England
- St Columba's Church, Pont Street – Church of Scotland
- St Luke's Church, Chelsea, Sydney Street – Church of England
- St Mary Abbots – Church of England
- St Sophia's Cathedral – Greek Orthodox Church
According to the 2001 Census, 24% of the borough's population identified themselves as being non-religious or chose not to state their faith.
Featured places 
Within the borough there are several of London's tourist attractions and landmarks:
- Brompton Oratory
- Earl's Court
- Imperial College (part)
- Kensington High Street
- Kensington Palace
- King's Road
- Ladbroke Grove
- Leighton House Museum
- Notting Hill Gate
- Olympia (part)
- Portobello Road
- Royal Hospital Chelsea
- Saatchi Gallery
- Sloane Street
- The Science Museum and The Natural History Museum
- Victoria & Albert Museum
The council's education department finances state schools. Some of them are:
Primary schools 
- Ashburnham Community School
- Avondale Park Primary School
- Bousfield Primary
- Chelsea Open Air Nursery
- Christ Church C of E Primary
- Colville Primary
- Fox Primary
- St Thomas
- Holy Trinity C of E Primary
- Instituto Español Cañada Blanch, also secondary school and Spanish Bachillerato.
- Marlborough Primary
- Lycee Français Charles de Gaulle, also a secondary school.
- Middle Row Primary
- Oratory RC Primary
- Our Lady of Victories RC Primary
- Oxford Gardens Primary
- Park Walk Primary
- Servite RC Primary
- St Barnabas' and St Philip's C of E Primary
- St Charles RC Primary
- St Clement's and St James' C of E Primary
- St Cuthbert with St Matthias C of E Primary, a voluntary aided school in Warwick Road, Earl's Court teaching children from age four to 11 and consisting of two large playgrounds, a 150-year-old Victorian building and a more recent extension.
- St Francis of Assisi RC Primary
- St Joseph RC Primary
- St Mary Abbot's C of E Primary
- St Mary's RC Primary
- St Thomas C of E Primary
- St Philip's School
- Thomas Jones Primary
Secondary schools 
- Barlby Primary School
- Chelsea Academy
Independent schools 
- English National Ballet School- in the heart of Chelsea
- Royal College of Art – the main campus is in South Kensington, with the sculpture department in Battersea.
- Royal College of Music
- Imperial College London – the main campus is in South Kensington.
- Heythrop College – a Constituent College of the University of London specialising in Theology & Philosophy
- Richmond, The American International University in London – the secondary campus is in Kensington.
Public libraries 
Libraries include the Kensington Central Library, Chelsea Library, Kensal Library, Brompton Library, North Kensington Library and the Notting Hill Gate Library.
The French community 
The number of French people living in the UK has increased every year since 1991, according to French government statistics. It jumped by 8,716 in 2006, the biggest gain in at least 20 years. French people live throughout much of London, but particularly found in Kensington. There are several French schools, some independent, and others: La Petite École Française in west London and the Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle in South Kensington and run by the French state.
See also 
- Data Management and Analysis Group, Greater London Authority, Demography Update October 2007, (2007)
- Chelsea Name Retained: New Decisions on Three Boroughs. The Times. 3 January 1963
- Global Business. "High earners say au revoir to France". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
- http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=8841 statistics.gov.uk
- http://money.guardian.co.uk/print/0%2C3858%2C4965695-110144%2C00.html The Guardian
- http://www.sportengland.org/index/get_resources/research/active_people/active_people_survey_headline_results.htm sportengland.org
- "The case for Kensal crossrail". Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. undated. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- "Case for a Crossrail station gains momentum" (Press release). Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. 1 July 2010.
- Bloomfield, Ruth (24 August 2010). "Study to explore adding Crossrail station at Kensal Rise". Building Design (London).
- "Crossrail at Kensal Rise back on the cards?". London Reconnections (blog). 27 August 2010.
- "Council to pay for Crossrail station". Evening Standard (London). 25 March 2011.
- Kensal Crossrail station would 'transform' the area, says deputy mayor. Regeneration + Renewal. 16 May 2011.
- "Brent backs plans for Kensal Crossrail". Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- "Contacts." Daily Mail and General Trust. Retrieved 6 September 2011. "Northcliffe House 2 Derry Street London W8 5TT Great Britain"
- Ponsford, Dominic. "Sharing with Mail 'will safeguard future of Independent'." Press Gazette. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 6 September 2011. "Under a deal signed today, the Independent titles will share back office functions with the Daily Mail, Mail on Sunday, Metro and Evening Standard at Northcliffe House in Kensington."
- "Contact." Sonangol Limited. Retrieved 6 August 2011. "Sonangol Limited Merevale House Brompton Place London SW3 1QE United Kingdom."
- http://www.rbkc.gov.uk/az/az.asp?searchletter=F&orgid=1372 rbkc.gov.uk
- http://www.rbkc.gov.uk/leisureandlibraries.aspx Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Retrieved 13 January 2009.
- IHT – the French making themselves at home in London