Royal Brunei Navy

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Tentera Laut Diraja Brunei
Active 14 June 1965
Country Brunei
Branch Navy
Part of Royal Brunei Armed Forces
Commanders
Current
commander
First Admiral Dato Seri Pahlawan Haji Abdul Halim bin Haji Mohd Hanifah
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Brunei.svg

The Royal Brunei Navy (Malay: Tentera Laut Diraja Brunei, abbreviated TLDB) is the naval defence force of Brunei Darussalam. It is a small but relatively well-equipped force whose main responsibility is to conduct search and rescue missions and to deter and defend the Brunei waters against attack mounted by sea-borne forces.[1]

The Royal Brunei Navy was established on 14 June 1965, the second unit created after The Royal Brunei Armed Forces. The RBN is based in Muara, which is situated 4 km from Muara Town with the majority of the crews being Malays. Since 1977, The Royal Brunei Navy has been equipped with missile gun boats and other coastal patrol craft. All the ships names are prefixed KDB as in Kapal Diraja Brunei (Royal Brunei Ship in Malay). The Royal Brunei Navy has been commanded by First Admiral (L) Dato Seri Pahlawan Abdul Aziz Haji Mohd Tamit since 28 Feb 2014.[1]

History[edit]

The Royal Brunei Navy was formed on 14 June 1965, four years after the formation of the Royal Brunei Armed Forces. It was initially known as Boat Section of the Royal Brunei Armed Forces. Its strength was only 18 in number, including one officer from the First Battalion who had attended a basic military course in Malaya in 1961 until 1964. This Boat Section was equipped with a number of aluminium boats, known as Temuai in Malay and Fast Assault Boats (FABs).[2] thumbnail The role of the Boat Section was solely to provide transportation of infantry elements to the interior of Brunei. As the organisation expanded with the aid of stable economic growth, the Boat Section was renamed the Boat Company in 1966.[2]

The Boat Company received 3 River Patrol Boats in 1966. These boats were named KDB Bendahara, KDB Maharajalela and KDB Kermaindera. All the ships were crewed by Bruneians, led by a qualified Commanding Officer. In the same year, the strength of the Boat Company was enhanced with Hovercraft Vessels type SR.N5, followed by SR.N6 in 1968.[3]

The first Fast Patrol Craft vessel was accepted in 1968 and named KDB Pahlawan. It became the first Flag Ship for the Boat Company.[3]

The Boat Company was reorganised as Angkatan Laut Pertama, Askar Melayu DiRaja Brunei (ALP AMDB or the First Sea Battalion, Royal Brunei Malay Regiment in Malay). It was one of the larger branches of Askar Melayu DiRaja Brunei. During that time, the estimated workforce strength of Angkatan Laut Pertama, Askar Melayu DiRaja Brunei was 42 personnel including an officer, while assets consisted of one Fast Patrol Craft Vessel, 3 River Patrol Boats, 2 Hovercraft Vessels, Fast Assault Boats, a few Long Boats and Temuai (aluminium boats).[4]

In 1971, Angkatan Laut Pertama, Askar Melayu DiRaja Brunei received two more Coastal Patrol Craft, the KDB Saleha and the KDB Masna.[5]

Angkatan Laut Pertama, Askar Melayu DiRaja Brunei was reorganised again on 1 October 1991 as the Royal Brunei Navy due to the growth of the armed forces in Brunei after independence from the United Kingdom.[6]

Roles and Organisation[edit]

First Admiral Abdul Halim, current commander of the Royal Brunei Navy, in August 2009

The roles of the Royal Brunei Navy are:

  • Deterrence against attack mounted by sea borne forces
  • Protection of national offshore resources
  • Maintaining Sea Lines of Communication (SLOC)
  • Surveillance of the 200 nm EEZ
  • Maritime Search & Rescue operations
  • Support of units of the RBAF operational activities
  • Provide support for other security agencies and ministries as ordered by Ministry of Defence of Brunei.

The Royal Brunei Navy is divided into four main components as follows:[7]

  • Fleet
  • Administration
  • Training
  • Logistics

Current fleet[edit]

The current fleet of the Royal Brunei Navy is as follows:[8][9]

Class or name Builder Type Quantity Year Entered Service Details Ships
Darussalam Class Lurssen Werft, Bremen-Vegesack, Germany Offshore Patrol Vessel 3 2011 80 meter Offshore patrol vessel ordered from Lurssen Werft
Bofors 57mm, 'A' position
Thales Sting EO MK2 fire-control radar
Terma Scanter 4100 air/surface search radar
Zeiss MEOS II electro-optics
2 x Furano navigation radars
4 x Exocet MM40
06 Darussalam
07 Darulehsan
08 Darulaman
Itjihad Class[10] Lurssen Werft, Bremen-Vegesack, Germany Corvette 4 2010 41 meter patrol vessel ordered from Lurssen Werft, Rheinmetall MLG 27, 'A' position 17 Itjihad
18 Berkat
19 Syafaat
20 Afiat
Waspada Class by Vosper Thornycroft, Singapore guided missile Patrol Craft 3 1978–1979 206 tons full load - 2 MM38 Exocet, 30mm BMARC-Oerlikon GCM-B01 AA and 2 7.62mm machine guns; modernized 1990s; To be paid off once the Darussalam Class comes into service, Waspada and the Pejuang are to be donated to Indonesia as training vessels and renamed as KRI Salawaku 642 and KRI Badau 643.[11] P02 Waspada
P03 Pejuang
P04 Seteria
Perwira Class Vosper Thornycroft, Portsmouth inshore Patrol Boats 3 1974-75 Singapore-built variant of Malaysian PX Class police boats; wooden hull; 1 ship decommissioned 1996; armed with 20mm BMARC-Oerlikon B01 AA and 2 7.62mm machine guns; To be replaced by Itjihad Class KDB Perwira
KDB Penyerang
KDB Pemburu
Serasa Class Transfield Shipbuilding, Henderson, Western Australia Amphibious Warfare Craft (LCM) 2 August 1996 armed with 2 x 20mm 90 caliber Oerlikon GAM B01 AA and 2 x 7.62mm machine guns L33 Serasa
L34 Teraban
2 × Teraban Class Cheverton Workboats, Cowes Landing Craft Utility (Loadmaster class LCM) 2 1976-77 unarmed and carries 30 tons of cargo L31 Damuam
L32 Puni
 ?  ? small aluminum armed riverine patrol boat 17 1960s armed with 7.62 mm machine gun; Used by the Special Combat Squadron; 4 retired  ?
YFL Cheverton Boatworks, Cowes Support Launch 1 1982 used as tug and dive tender Burong Nuri
Bendeharu Class PT Pal Batam Shipbuilder, Surabaya, Indonesia patrol boat 3 delivered 1991 12.7mm machine guns; used by marine police P01 Benderharu
P22 Maharajalela
P23 Kemaindera
14.5 metre class patrol boats Singapore Shipbuilding and Engineering, Singapore patrol boat 7 1987 armed with 7.62mm machine gun and similar to Singapore Marine Police PT1 Class boats; used by marine police PDB11
PDB12
PDB13
PDB14
PDB15
PDB63
PDB68
PDB 0-1 Class Singapore Shipbuilding and Engineering, Singapore patrol boat 11 1987 used by marine police PDB01
PDB02
PDB03
PDB04
PDB05
PDB06
PDB07
PDB08
PDB09
PDB10
PDB11
FDB 512 class Rotork Marine, Bath, Somerset patrol boats 2  ? armed with 7.62mm machine gun 07 Behagia
10 Selmat
TBD Marinteknik Shipyard Tuas, Singapore Fast Interceptor Boat 1 2011 armed with 7.62mm machine gun 21 Mustaed

Others[edit]

  • personnel launches used for riverine patrols
    • 01 Aman
    • 02 Damai
    • 04 Sentosa
    • 06 Sejahteru

Fisheries and Industry/Primary Resources ministries also operate 16m patrol boats built by Syarikat Cheoy Lee Shipyards (delivered 2002)

F2000 (Nakhoda Ragam) class corvettes[edit]

The BDF Nakhoda Ragam

The Royal Brunei Navy is a small coastal defense force tasked with patrolling Bruneian waters and defending the offshore oil industry. It is currently undergoing a large-scale modernization, with the upgrading of the Muara Naval Base and the purchase of 3 British-built Corvettes from BAE Systems Naval Ships, Scotland. The contract was awarded to GEC-Marconi in 1995 and the Nakhoda Ragam class OPVs were launched in January 2001, June 2001 and June 2002 at the then BAE Systems Marine yard at Scotstoun. These have been completed but have not been delivered from BAE Systems Naval Ships in Scotstoun due to claims by the Royal Brunei Navy that the ships fail to meet the required specifications.

The ships are armed with MBDA Exocet Block II anti-ship missiles and MBDA Seawolf surface to air missiles. The contract dispute is the subject of arbitration.[12][13] Currently the Sultan of Brunei is intending to sell three corvettes built by BAE Systems for £600 million. When the dispute was settled, the vessels were handed over to Royal Brunei Technical Services in June 2007.[14] In 2007, Brunei contracted the German Lürssen ship yard to find a new customer for the three ships, as of 03/05/2011 the vessels remain unsold and laid up at Barrow-in-Furness.[15]

Muara Naval Base[edit]

The administration of Angkatan Laut Pertama, Askar Melayu DiRaja Brunei moved to a new base at Jalan Tanjong Pelumpong Muara in 1974. This base is now known as the Muara Naval Base. The Muara Naval Base serves as the headquarters of the Royal Brunei Navy. The Naval Base was expanded in 1997 to include facilities to support three offshore support vessels.[16] Muara Naval Base is frequently visited by foreign warships, most notable are the frequent visits by Royal Navy ships.

Joint Exercises and Training[edit]

The Royal Brunei Navy and the Republic of Singapore Navy co-operate with each other through an annual joint exercise, code-named Exercise Pelican.

Officers and soldiers of the Royal Brunei Navy are also sent overseas for advanced training, generally to Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore, UK and United States of America.[17]

Exercise SEAGULL 03-07, which was held in Brunei from 2 to 10 September 2007 between the Royal Brunei Navy and their Philippine Navy counterparts. Participating ships include the Philippine Navy corvette BRP Rizal (PS-74) and patrol gunboat BRP Federico Martir (PG-385), and Royal Brunei Navy ships KDB Pejuang P03, KDB Seteria P04, KDB Perwira P14 and KDB Penyerang P16. They conducted series of drills, including Mine Clearance, Under Water Operations, Replenishment at Sea, Night Encounter Exercise, Boarding Exercise and Other Naval Tactical Exercises.[18]

Future Orders[edit]

De-commissioned landing craft will be replaced by an as-yet-unidentified class of six heavy landing craft.[19]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Introduction - Royal Brunei Navy - retrieved 19-04-2007
  2. ^ a b History - Royal Brunei Navy - retrieved 19-04-2007
  3. ^ a b History - Royal Brunei Navy, page 2 - retrieved 19-04-2007
  4. ^ History - Royal Brunei Navy, page 3 - retrieved 19-04-2007
  5. ^ History - Royal Brunei Navy, page 4 - retrieved 19-04-2007
  6. ^ History - Royal Brunei Navy, page 5 - retrieved 19-04-2007
  7. ^ Organisation - Royal Brunei Navy - retrieved 19-04-2007
  8. ^ Fleet - Royal Brunei Navy - retrieved 19-04-2007
  9. ^ [The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World - Eric Wertheim - 15th Ed. 2007, p66-68]
  10. ^ http://www.janes.com/news/defence/jni/jni090520_1_n.shtml
  11. ^ http://www.bt.com.bn/news-national/2011/02/26/indonesia-get-brunei-patrol-ships
  12. ^ Brunei and BAE Systems dispute ship acceptance Jane's 26-04-2005 - retrieved 19-04-2007
  13. ^ BAE Systems, Brunei OPV dispute nears resolution Jane's 08-09-2006 - retrieved 19-04-2007
  14. ^ "Shipyard deadlock ends". September 2007 News (Ships Monthly). September 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  15. ^ Story by ocnus.net
  16. ^ page 15 GHD Annual Review 2002/2003
  17. ^ Training - Royal Brunei Navy - retrieved 19-04-2007
  18. ^ Philippine Fleet Official Website. Exercise SEAGULL 03-07.
  19. ^ Balikpapan-class landing craft heavy#cite note-WewakDODdecom-11