Royal city

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Medal commemorating the Law on the Cities

In the history of Poland, a royal city or royal town (Polish: miasto królewskie) was an urban settlement within the crown lands (Polish: królewszczyzna).[1]

Early major, influential royal cities included Gdańsk, Kamieniec Podolski, Krakow, Lwów, Lublin, Toruń, Elbląg, and Wilno.

Law on the Cities[edit]

Main article: Free Royal Cities Act

On April 18, 1791, the Great Sejm adopted the Free Royal Cities Act (full title: "Miasta nasze królewskie wolne w państwach Rzeczypospolitej" - "Our Free Royal Cities in the States of the Commonwealth"), included as Article III into the Constitution of May 3, 1791.

The law granted a number of privileges for the residents of royal cities. Many of these privileges and rights have already been enjoyed by major royal cities, and the law effectively equalized all royal cities in this respect. It also includes some rights earlier enjoyed only by szlachta.

Major royal cities by region[edit]

Warsaw in the 18th century
Gdańsk in the 16th century
Kraków in the 18th century

Crown of the Kingdom of Poland[edit]

Greater Poland Province[edit]

Lesser Poland Province[edit]

Grand Duchy of Lithuania[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]