Royal Declaration of Indulgence

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This article is about the 1672 declaration of Charles II. For the 1687 declaration of James II, see Declaration of Indulgence.

The Royal Declaration of Indulgence was Charles II of England's attempt to extend religious liberty to Protestant nonconformists and Roman Catholics in his realms, by suspending the execution of the penal laws that punished recusants from the Church of England. Charles issued the Declaration on 15 March 1672.

The Cavalier Parliament in 1673, however, compelled him to withdraw this declaration and implement, in its place, the first of the Test Acts (1673), which required anyone entering public service in England to deny the Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation and take Anglican communion.[1] When Charles II's openly Catholic successor James II attempted to issue a similar Declaration of Indulgence, an order for general religious tolerance, this was one of the grievances that led to the Glorious Revolution that ousted him from the throne.

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  1. ^ Ergang, Robert (1939). Europe: From the Renaissance to Waterloo. D. C. Heath and Company. p. 416.