Royal Dragoon Guards

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The Royal Dragoon Guards
Royal Dragoon Guards.jpg
Royal Dragoon Guards Cap Badge
Active 1 August 1992 - Present
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Line Cavalry
Role Armoured Cavalry
Size One regiment
Part of Royal Armoured Corps
Garrison/HQ Catterick Garrison
Motto

Quis Separabit

"Who shall separate us"
March Quick - Fare Thee Well Inniskilling
Slow - 4th Dragoon Guards (first two themes) + 7th Dragoon Guards (first theme)
Anniversaries 17 March - St Patrick's Day
Commanders
Colonel-in-Chief HRH The Prince of Wales, KG, KT, GCB
Colonel of
the Regiment
Brigadier (Retd) EJ Torrens-Spence CBE LM
Notable
commanders

Lt Gen Sir Adrian Carton De Wiart VC
Lt Gen Baden-Powell
Capt Lawrence Oates

Maj Gen Patrick Cordingly DSO
Insignia
Tactical Recognition Flash RDG TRF.svg
Tartan Ulster (pipes)
Arm Badge 4/7 Dragoon Guards flash
From 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards
Abbreviation RDG

The Royal Dragoon Guards (RDG) is a cavalry regiment of the British Army. It was formed in 1992 by the amalgamation of two other regiments: The 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. The Regiment currently serves as Armoured Cavalry, equipped with the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (tracked) Scimitar and is based in Catterick Garrison, North Yorkshire. Today the RDG is an operationally experienced regiment having recently served in Iraq (Operation Telic 5 and 11), and Afghanistan (Operation Herrick 12 and 17).

The Regiment recruits soldiers from the North of England and Ireland, but predominantly from Yorkshire.

Operational deployments[edit]

The Royal Dragoon Guards has served in a variety of roles and theatres since its formation. Historically Dragoons were flexible soldiers, who fought on and alongside their mounts; this is something the Regiment has been called upon many times to do.

The RDG on patrol in Southern Iraq during Operation Telic 5.
General Service Medal 1962 BAR.svgNorthern Ireland

In February 1996, 3 Squadrons of the regiment deployed to Northern Ireland as part of Operation Banner, the UK military support to the civil authorities in the province. 2 Squadrons were employed as Infantry in Belfast and the third acted as a prison guard force at the infamous Maze Prison.[1]

Balkans

In the winter of 1997, A Squadron, RDG, deployed with their Challenger 1s tanks to Barice in Bosnia (Op Lodestar) with the 9th/12th Lancers Battle Group. They were subsequently moved to Mrkonjić Grad and were employed, primarily in Land Rovers, to monitor former wartime factions and inspect cantonment sites. [1]

UK

In early 2001 the Regiment deployed as part of Operation Frescoe (Zulu) to Cumbria and Yorkshire, with specialist Royal Navy teams, to provide emergency fire and rescue cover when the fire brigade was carrying out a programme of industrial action.[2]

Iraq Medal BAR.svgIraq

The regimental Battle Group deployed to Iraq in 2004 (Operation Telic 5) and assumed control of the area south of Basra, close to the border with Kuwait.[3] The main tasks were to mentor the newly formed Iraqi Police Force and provide security for the first presidential elections in the country since the US led invasion in 2003.[4]

The regiment deployed again to Iraq towards the end of the United Kingdom's combat operations in 2007 (Op Telic 11), this time with Main Battle Tanks and Warrior Armoured Fighting Vehicles were called upon to support Iraqi led efforts to re-impose control in Basra (Operation Charge of the Knights). During this Operation Sergeant CP Richards was awarded the Military Cross for outstanding leadership and gallantry in the face of the enemy. As commander of the lead tank, working for Left Flank Company Group, Scots Guards Battle Group, he deployed on a joint arrest operation with Iraqi Security Forces in Al Quiblah, Basra. He fought his way through 5 improvised explosive device detonations, showing courageous restraint to minimise any civilian casualties, onto the target.[5]

A Challenger 2 from the Royal Dragoon Guards on Operation Charge of the Knights

During this deployment, squadrons from the regiment assisted the Iraqi Border Agency to provide security on the Border with Iran[6] and mentored Iraqi Army Units.[7]

OSM for Afghanistan BAR.svg Afghanistan

The regiment deployed to Afghanistan in the spring of 2010[8] (Operation Herrick 12) to assist in bringing stability to Central Helmand and to provide security for the country's second Presidential Elections. Squadrons from the Regiment provided protected mobility support in the Mastiff (also known as Cougar), Viking (Bv 206), Ridgeback and Warthog armoured vehicles[9] and held ground in Nad Ali District Centre[10] following Op Moshtorak. Tasks of these squadrons included: providing route security,[11] assisting in reconstruction work[12] and clearing insurgents from southern Nad Ali.[13] The regiment had four men killed in action during the tour.[14][15][16][17] Acting corporal Mathew Stenton, one of those killed, was posthumously awarded the Military Cross for bravery. As a Viking commander he moved his vehicle forward to engage insurgents to assist in the evacuation of a friendly casualty, his citation reads: “A/Cpl Stenton’s gallantry was of the very highest order and he made the supreme act of self-sacrifice to save a comrade’s life”.[18]

The Regiment subsequently went on to complete a second tour of Afghanistan during Operation HERRICK 17 in 2013/14, this time in a dismounted role as the Police Mentoring and Advisory Group. The Regiment's role was to provide institutional and individual development advice and training to the Afghan National Police in Helmand. During this second tour The Royal Dragoon Guards also deployed a mounted manoeuvre squadron, operating on Warthog armoured vehicles.

Squadrons and organisation[edit]

The five Squadrons of The Royal Dragoon Guards take their history and traditions from the four antecedent Regiments that make up the current Regiment. They are known as:[19]

The CVR(T) Scimitar

The Prince of Wales’ Squadron takes its title from the Colonel in Chief of the RDG, HRH The Prince of Wales. This Squadron provides the command, logistics and reconnaissance support for the Regiment or Battle group, both in barracks and when deployed. To achieve this they are structured to contain:

  • Command troop, including the Commanding Officer and Second in Command.
  • Reconnaissance troop, equipped with CVR(T) Scimitar reconnaissance vehicles and manned with the best soldiers selected from across the Regiment.
  • A Quartermaster's and Quartermaster Technical's department to provide for the immediate logistic requirements of the Regiment.
  • A Light Aid detachment of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers to carry out repair of the Regiment's vehicles and weaponry.[19]

A, B and D Squadrons were all equipped with Challenger 2 tanks. These are organized into 3 troops, each of 4 tanks commanded by a junior officer, and a 2 tank headquarters troop for the squadron leader (major) and second in command (captain). Their role in conventional war, as the prime manoeuvre and armoured punch in a brigade, is to destroy enemy armour and, working closely with armoured infantry, to seize and hold ground. In Hybrid Warfare they have proved flexible, deploying in armour where necessary, in a variety of vehicles, or on foot as the situation has demanded:[19]

C Squadron is equipped with CVR(T) Scimitar light armoured vehicles, it is organized in the same manner as the tank squadrons in the Regiment. Its role is to support infantry in complex terrain (such as woods or built up areas), provide rear area security and to raid.[19]

Regimental traditions[edit]

The RDG on exercise in Canada, 2004

Because of its lineage through the 5th Royal Inniskillings and the 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards—the 4th had been known as the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards and the 7th also had Irish ancestry—the RDG retains strong links to Northern Ireland.

Dettingen Day[20]

At the Battle of Dettingen, 27 June 1743, Cornet Richardson of Ligonier’s Horse, later the 7th Dragoon Guards, received 37 wounds while defending the Regimental Standard. The Regiment remembers the day with dinners in the Messes and a families weekend.

Oates’ Sunday[20]

Captain L E G Oates, of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, became a legend of self-sacrifice when, as a member of Scott’s ill fated Antarctic Expedition of 1912, he chose to sacrifice himself rather than impede the progress of his comrades. The annual commemoration of Oates’ brave action takes place on the Sunday closest to St Patrick’s Day – the date of his birthday. It takes the form of a formal parade and church service, where the story of Oates is retold to inspire members of the Regiment.

St Patrick's Day – 17 March[21]

The Regimental Flash

St Patrick's Day is celebrated by the RDG in respect to the Irish traditions it possesses. The Day is a regimental holiday and starts with the Officers and Senior Non Commissioned Officers waking the men with bag pipes and ‘gunfire’ (tea laced with whiskey). A Regimental Lunch of Irish Stew is served and every member of the Regiment is presented with shamrock. This latter tradition has been maintained every year regardless of which theatre the Regiment is serving in.

The Regimental Flash

Flashes in Regimental colours were linked to regiments who were involved in the Second World War. The 4/7 DG first wore their flash in 1939 in Northern France in support of the British Expeditionary Force, one of the first armoured units to fight in the desperate but gallant withdrawal to Dunkirk and it is believed to be the first regiment to wear a Tactical Recognition Flash. The worsted material recognition flash came about following an order to remove badges of recognition from battle-dress to conceal regimental identity. The design was copied from the painted diamond flash in Regimental colours on the steel helmets. The order was later rescinded so back on went the collar-dogs and numerals but the cloth badge remained. The 13/18H later followed suit in 1940 with a blue and white flash.

The 4/7 DG Regimental flash was worn by all ranks from Warrant Officer Class 2 and below on BD/SDs upon the left arm 1" below the shoulder seam. (Or 1/8" below the formation badge when one was worn on BDs). The flash is still worn today by the Regiment on Service Dress.[21]

Battle honours[edit]

The regiment and its predecessors have been awarded the following 79 battle honours:[22]

Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Dettingen, Warburg, Beaumont, Willems, Salamanca, Vittoria, Toulouse, Peninsula, Waterloo, South Africa 1846-47, Balaclava, Sevastapol, Tel el-Kebir, Egypt 1882, Defence of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899–1902.

The Great WarMons le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, La Bassee 1914, Messines 1914, Armentieres 1914, Ypres 1914, Ypres 1915, Givenchy 1914, St Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Somme 1916, 1918, Bazentin, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Cambrai 1917 1918, St Auentin, Rosieres, Avre, Lys, Hazebrouck, Amiens, Albert 1918, Hindenburg Line, St Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Pursuit to Mons, France and Flanders 1914 – 18.

The Second World War – Dyle, Withdrawal to Escaut, St Omer – La Bassee, Dunkirk 1940, Normandy Landings, Odon[disambiguation needed], Mont Pincon, St Pierre la Vielle, Lisieux, Risle Crossing, Seine 1944, Nederrijn, Lower Maas, Geilenkirchen, Roer, Rhineland, Cleve, Rhine, Ibbenburen, Bremen, North West Europe 1940, 1944 – 45.

The Hook 1952, Korea 1951 – 52.

Royal Dragoon Guards Museum[edit]

The Royal Dragoon Guards Museum is located in the heart of York, North Yorkshire, near the Jorvik Viking Centre. Exhibits present the regiment's history from the late 17th century to present day activities. Displays include uniforms, prints, paintings, weapons and regimental artefacts. There is also a regimental gift shop. The museum is located in the same building as the Prince of Wales’s Own Regiment of Yorkshire Museum at 3a Tower Street - 53°57′22″N 1°04′51″W / 53.95624°N 1.0809°W / 53.95624; -1.0809.

Other information[edit]

The regiment was based in Paderborn, Germany when it was formed in 1992, and was part of 20th Armoured Brigade. In 1996 it returned to the United Kingdom, being based at Tidworth. It returned to Germany in 2000, being based in York Barracks Münster as part of 4th Armoured Brigade (later 4 Mechanized Brigade).

Future[edit]

Following the 2012 announcement of Army 2020 structures the RDG will adopt an 'Armoured Cavalry' role equipped initially with Scimitar 2 - the latest iteration of the CVR(T) platform - and latterly with the Future Rapid Effects System (FRES) when that is adopted. The Regiment will remain based in Catterick - as announced by the Secretary of State for Defence in March 2013. [23]

Alliances[edit]

Affiliated Yeomanry[edit]

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
(Carabiniers and Greys)
Cavalry Order of Precedence Succeeded by
The Queen's Royal Hussars
(Queen's Own and Royal Irish)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Asquith, Stuart. Regiment Issue 34. Nexus Special Interests,1999, p. 61.
  2. ^ Bournman, Chris. The Journal of the Royal Dragoon Guards 2002. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd. 2002, p. 3.
  3. ^ Dangerfield, Rowley. The Journal of the Royal Dragoon Guards 2005. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd. 2005, p. 2.
  4. ^ McDonough, Challis. “Security Clampdown Begins for Iraqi Election” VOA News. 29 January 2005.
  5. ^ Lane, James. The Journal of the Royal Dragoon Guards 2009. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd. 2009, p. 12
  6. ^ "Dragoon Gds Complete Op Certain Shield". 28 January 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2010. 
  7. ^ Lane, James. The Journal of the Royal Dragoon Guards 2009. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd. 2009, p. 4
  8. ^ "Royal Dragoon Guards Arrive in Afghanistan". Ministry of Defence. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2010. 
  9. ^ "The Royal Dragoon Guards / Op HERRICK 12." The British Army's Website 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
  10. ^ Ministry of Defence (4 June 2010). "The First Line Of Medical Support Helmand." Military Operations News Articles. Retrieved 4 November 2010
  11. ^ Ministry of Defence (18 August 2010). "British and Afghan Troops Keep Helmand Highway Open." Military Operations News Articles. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
  12. ^ Ministry of Defence (15 September 2010). "Cavalry Soldiers Protect Engineers Building New Helmand Road" Military Operations News Articles. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
  13. ^ Ministry of Defence (7 June 2010). "British Forces Push Back Taliban in Southern Nad Ali" Military Operations News Articles. Retrieved 4 November 10.
  14. ^ "Military Operatoions". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 3 November 2010. 
  15. ^ Ministry of Defence (2010-07-17). "Sergeant David Thomas Monkhouse killed in Afghanistan - Fatality notice - GOV.UK". Mod.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-03. 
  16. ^ Ministry of Defence (2010-07-05). "Trooper James Anthony Leverett killed in Afghanistan - Fatality notice - GOV.UK". Mod.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-03. 
  17. ^ Ministry of Defence (2010-06-19). "Trooper Ashley David Smith killed in Afghanistan - Fatality notice - GOV.UK". Mod.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-03. 
  18. ^ "Awards". Soldier Magazine. April 2011. [dead link]
  19. ^ a b c d Asquith, Stuart. Regiment Issue 34. Nexus Special Interests,1999.
  20. ^ a b Asquith, Stuart. Regiment Issue 34. Nexus Special Interests,1999, p. 15.
  21. ^ a b Asquith, Stuart. Regiment Issue 34. Nexus Special Interests,1999, p. 18.
  22. ^ James, Denis, Journal of The Dragoon Guards. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd, 2009, p. 7.
  23. ^ "Regular army basing plan" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-05-03. 

External links[edit]

The RDG in Afghanistan