Royal Frankish Annals
The Royal Frankish Annals or Annals of the Kingdom of the Franks (Latin: Annales regni Francorum, formerly known as Annales Laurissenses maiores and styled Reichsannalen in German historiography), are annals covering the history of early Carolingian monarchs from 741 to 829. Their composition seems to have soon been taken up at court, providing them with markedly official character. 19th-century editors assumed the text to have existed in five versions, which they dated to different moments during early Carolingians' rule. In particular, a revision of the annals was attributed to Frankish historian Einhard (c. 775 – 840) (therefore Annales qui dicuntur Einhardi), though a really convincing argument for his authorship is wanting. More recently, however, this whole picture has been deeply challenged and a strong case has been made by scholars that the annals, though composed at different phases, may have been edited altogether at a later stage. They are among the most important sources for the political and military history of the reign of Charlemagne. They have been continued in the West Frankish Annales Bertiniani and largely – but not always literally – employed by the early compilers of the East Frankish Annales Fuldenses.
- cf. R. Collins, The ‘Reviser’ Revisited: Another Look at the Alternative Version of the Annales Regni Francorum, in : A. C. Murray (ed.), After Rome’s Fall. Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History. Essays presented to Walter Goffart. Toronto/Buffalo/London 1998, 191–213; R. McKitterick, History and Memory in the Carolingian World. Cambridge 2005
- Scholz, Bernhard Walter (1970). Carolingian chronicles: Royal Frankish annals and Nithard's Histories. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-06186-0, 9780472061860 Check
- Kurze, Friedrich (ed.): Annales regni Francorum (741–829) qui dicuntur Annales Laurissenses maiores et Einhardi. Post editionem G. H. Pertzii (Scriptores rerum germanicarum in usum scholarum, 6), Hannover 1895.
- Loyn, H.R. and J. Percival (trs.). The Reign of Charlemagne. London, 1975. pp. 38–42. [AD 757, 788, 796 and 800]
- King, P.D. (tr.). Charlemagne: Translated Sources. Kendal, 1987. Selections available online: years 775-776, 808-810 and in the Revised Annals of the Kingdom of the Franks, years 782-4.