Royal Hawaiian Hotel
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2012)|
|The Royal Hawaiian, a Luxury Collection Resort|
|Location||Waikiki, Honolulu, Hawai'i|
|Owner||Kyo-ya Company Limited|
|Management||Sheraton Hotels and Resorts Hawaii|
|Floor count||6; 17|
|Floor area||12,000 square feet (1,100 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Warren and Wetmore|
|Number of rooms||528|
|Number of suites||34|
|Number of restaurants||3|
Self parking at adjacent Sheraton
The Royal Hawaiian Hotel, also known as the Pink Palace of the Pacific, is located at 2259 Kalākaua Avenue in Honolulu, Hawaii, on the island of Oahu. One of the first hotels established in Waikiki, The Royal Hawaiian is considered one of the flagship hotels in Hawaii tourism. It opened its doors to guests on 1 February 1927 with a black tie gala attended by over 1,200 guests. The hotel quickly became an icon of Hawaii's glory days.
The Royal Hawaiian closed on 1 June 2008 for a complete renovation. The property reopened on 20 January 2009 as a member of The Luxury Collection Resort division of Starwood Hotels. An extended renovation of the Royal Beach Tower was completed in 2010. The National Trust for Historic Preservation has accepted Royal Hawaiian Hotel to be part of the Historic Hotels of America.
With the success of the early efforts by Matson Navigation Company to provide steamer travel to America's wealthiest families en route to Hawaii, Captain William Matson proposed the development of a hotel in Honolulu for his passengers. This was in hope of profiting from what Matson believed could be the most lucrative endeavor his company could enter into. Matson purchased the Moana mansion, fronting the Ainahau royal estate. Christening it the Moana Hotel, it opened in 1901 as the first hotel in Waikiki. With its overwhelming success, Matson planned and built The Royal Hawaiian which opened in 1927.
During World War II, the Royal was closed to tourists and instead served as a place of rest and relaxation for U.S. submariners. While the Royal Hawaiian's lush tropical garden was (and still is) tranquil and poetic, on the beaches fronting the Pink Palace (sometimes referred to as the Pink Lady) one saw reminders of the war with rolls and rolls of barbed wire planted in the sand. The hotel was sold, along with the rest of Matson's hotels in Hawaii, to the Sheraton Corporation in 1959.
During the 1960s, the Pink Palace was home to "Concert by the Sea" which broadcast daily through Armed Forces Radio Network (AFN). Soldiers would listen to sounds of home all across Vietnam, and then on R&R would come to Waikiki to visit the Pink Palace in person.
In 1974, Japanese businessmen and brothers Kenji Osano and Masakuni Osano purchased the Royal Hawaiian Hotel from ITT Sheraton. The Osano brothers formed Kyo-ya Company Limited, a subsidiary of Kokusai Kogyo Company Limited as the corporate entity charged with overseeing the hotel properties they had bought from Sheraton, including : Moana Hotel, Sheraton Princess Kaiulani Hotel, Sheraton Surfrider Hotel and the Sheraton Waikiki Hotel. All are managed today by Sheraton Hotels and Resorts Hawaii. The purchases put the Osano brothers on the Forbes List of World's Richest People in 1999.
After the Osano brothers' deaths, Takamasa Osano inherited their properties, worth billions of dollars. Along with the Moana Hotel, the Royal Hawaiian Hotel continues to be one of the flagship hotels in the Osano corporate empire and is the part-time residence of the Osano family.
The Royal Hawaiian cost USD $4 million and took one and a half years to build. The six-story structure had 400 rooms and designed in the Spanish and Moorish styles popular during the 1920s. The Royal Hawaiian Hotel was also influenced by Hollywood legend Rudolph Valentino and his Arabian movies. Cupolas were created to resemble Spanish Mission style bell towers. The pink color was taken from a popular American obsession of the era. The architects were Warren and Wetmore of New York City.
Notable guests and tenants
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As soon as The Royal Hawaiian opened, a non-stop flood of tourists from the mainland United States poured through its doors. It served as the Pacific home to the world's most influential statesmen and early Hollywood stars.
Its first official registered guest was Princess Abigail Kawananakoa, who would have been queen of the Kingdom of Hawaii had the monarchy survived. Duke Kahanamoku, the legendary Olympic swimmer and popularizer of the sport of surfing, frequented the Royal Hawaiian Hotel restaurants and private beachfront. The Royal Hawaiian Hotel became a favorite stomping ground for Kahanamoku's famed group, dubbed the "Waikiki Beach Boys".
Prior to the 2010 renovation, a framed replica of a Guest Registration Card bearing the signature of then-President Franklin D. Roosevelt was displayed in a main hallway corridor of the main hotel. The card was dated during the Great Depression.
During World War II, the Royal Hawaiian Hotel became home to many returning sailors off long war patrols.
In popular culture
The hotel has featured in numerous media projects.
- In 1931, the hotel was used in the Charlie Chan film "The Black Camel".
- In 1952, the hotel lobby was captured in the John Wayne film Big Jim McLain.
- In 1961, the hotel appeared in scenes of the movie Gidget Goes Hawaiian.
- In 1978, the hotel was used in the film Goin' Coconuts
- In 2002, the hotel was featured in several scenes of P.T. Anderson's film Punch-Drunk Love.
- In 1977, the hotel was featured in the Charlie's Angels episode "Angels in Paradise".
- In 1986, the hotel was featured in the Murder She Wrote episode "Magnum on Ice", starring Angela Lansbury and guest starring Tom Selleck.
- In 2002, the hotel was featured in the My Wife and Kids episode "The Kyles Go To Hawaii".
- In 2013, the hotel featured prominently in the Mad Men season 6 premiere, "The Doorway".
- Glen Grant (1996). Waikīkī Yesteryear. Mutual Publishing Co. ISBN 1-56647-107-9.
- Don Hibbard and David Franzen (1995). The View from Diamond Head: Royal Residence to Urban Resort. Editions Ltd. ISBN 0-915013-02-9.
- George S. Kanahele (1996). Waikīkī, 100 BC to 1900 AD: An Untold Story. University of Hawaiʻi Press. ISBN 0-8248-1790-7.
- "Royal Hawaiian has renovation deal". Star-Bulletin. Jan 11, 2009.
- Richard O'Kane (1977). Clear the Bridge!. Rand McNally.
- Stephen M. Salny (2005). Frances Elkins: Interior Design. W. W. Norton. pp. 146–147.