Royal Highland Fusiliers
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|Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland|
Cap Badge of the Royal Regiment of Scotland
|Active||28 March 2006-|
|Role||Light Role Infantry|
|Part of||1st Mechanised Brigade|
|Garrison/HQ||Glencorse Barracks, Penicuik|
|Motto||Nemo Me Impune Lacessit (No One Assails Me With Impunity)|
|March||Pipes, Drums and Bugles: Quick Marches - Hielan' Laddie/Blue Bonnets over The Border
Slow March - My Home
Military Band: Quick Marches - Whistle o'er the Lave o't/The British Grenadiers
Slow Marches - The Garb of Auld Gaul/The March of the 21st Regiment.
|Anniversaries||Assaye (23 September)|
|Royal Colonel||HRH The Duke of York|
|Tactical Recognition Flash|
Red Erskine (Pipers kilts and plaids)
From Royal Scots Fusiliers
Prior to 28 March 2006, the Royal Highland Fusiliers was an infantry regiment in its own right; The Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment) was part of the Scottish Division, and abbreviated as 'The RHF'. The regiment was formed on 20 January 1959 by the then amalgamation of the Royal Scots Fusiliers, with the Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment).
As part of the Delivering Security in a Changing World Review of the Armed Forces, the regiment was amalgamated with the other regiments of the Scottish Division to become part of the Royal Regiment of Scotland which was formed on 28 March 2006.
The regiment celebrated its 300th anniversary, inherited from the Royal Scots Fusiliers, at Redford Barracks, Edinburgh in 1978. The regiment consisted of a single Regular Army Battalion, approximately 600 strong, under the Commanding Officer, a Lieutenant Colonel.
The regiment and current battalion has the distinction among British infantry regiments of carrying three Colours on parade. In addition to the Queen's and Regimental Colours, the third - the Assaye Colour, was originally awarded by the Governor General in Council in India on behalf of the British East India Company to the 74th Highland Regiment for distinguished service at the Battle of Assaye in India in 1803 while under the command of Sir Arthur Wellesley, the future Duke of Wellington.
The Regiment maintained the traditions of the long 'Attention' command being given on parade (rather than the modern abbreviated Army 'shun') and of referring to the Commanding Officer's orders (disciplinary parade) as 'haul up' from the days of the unit acting as escorts to prisoners being transported to the colonies. Officers wore red 'infantry' piping on the epaulettes of their greatcoats, a detail inherited from the Royal Scots Fusiliers and mentioned by Boris Pasternak in his book Doctor Zhivago, but long lost to other infantry regiments. On administrative days, officers wore a blue patrol jacket detailed with a pleated spine pad, a relic of the Boer War.
The Regiment's uniform included the blue Glengarry cap with red 'tourie', red, white and green dicing, black silk cockade and 'Flaming Grenade' cap badge, Mackenzie tartan trews and black highland brogue shoes worn with white spats. In the field in combat dress, the Glengarry was replaced, when a helmet is not worn, by a khaki 'tam o'shanter' bonnet with Mackenzie tartan patch and with a white hackle from the Royal Scots Fusiliers when appropriate. The Regimental capbadge was the 'grenade in flames' taken from the Royal Scots Fusiliers cap badge, on which is mounted the crowned HLI monogram from the Highland Light Infantry. The tartan is 'Mackenzie', the blue and green 'government' tartan with added white and red lines.
The Regiment has been awarded over 200 battle honours, from Blenheim to the Gulf War, gained in every major and many minor conflicts, campaigns and theates of war since the 21st Regiment's first engagement at the Battle of Walcourt in 1689, a number unsurpassed by any other unit in the British Army. The Regiment has fought against Louis XIV, Napoleon, Kruger, George Washington, The Kaiser, Hitler, Bonnie Prince Charlie the IRA, The United States, various natives of Africa and Asia and Saddam Hussein; in the Netherlands, in the War of the Spanish Succession, the War of the Austrian Succession, the Seven Years' War, in the American Revolution, in India, the Peninsular War and at Waterloo, in the Crimea, in the South African wars, in the First and Second World Wars and in recent Gulf conflicts. The 'Royal' Achievement was conferred on the 21st Fusiliers in 1712 by Queen Anne for exceptional services in the War of the Spanish Succession. The Regiment's 'achievements' as born on the colours and on the drums are: The Royal Cypher and The White Horse of Hanover, St Andrew, The Castle and Key of Gibraltar and the Assaye Elephant.
The Regiment's Battle Honours include: Blenheim (August 1704 - War of the Spanish Succession), Assaye (September 1803 - Mahratta War), The Storming of Badajos(April 1812 - Peninsular War), Vitoria (June 1813 - Peninsular War), Waterloo (July 1815), Inkerman (November 1854 - Crimean War) and Gheluvelt (October 1914 - World War 1 - France). 44 battle honours are carried on the Regimental Colour, 29 on the Queens Colour and 2: Seringapatam and Assaye, on the Assaye Colour.
In the Royal Highland Fusiliers' Pipes, Drums and Bugles band, pipers wear the all-blue Cameron pattern Glengarry with Dress Erskine tartan kilt, drummers also wear the kilt but retain the diced Glengarry as do buglers who wear Mackenzie tartan trews. The band wear a different wear a different type of capbadge in which the Regimental 'flaming grenade' capbadge is superimposed on the saltire of St Andrew and the star of the Order of the Thistle. The Drum major wears Mackenzie tartan trews, fusilier officer's full dress pattern scarlet doublet and bearskin with a grenade cap badge and white hackle.
A definitive history of the Royal Highland Fusiliers from 1959 is yet to be published. Among histories of the forebear regiments are: The History of the Royal Scots Fusiliers 1678-1918 by the novelist John Buchan, written in memory of his brother who served in the Regiment, and Proud Heritage. The Story of the Highland Light Infantry (4 Volumes) by Lieutenant Colonel L B Oatts DSO late of the HLI.
Locations and operations
The traditional recruiting grounds of the Battalion are Greater Glasgow and Ayrshire but this has never been exclusive, and members of the Battalion also come from the rest of Scotland and the UK and from elsewhere in the Commonwealth of Nations.
In 2004, as part of the restructuring of the British Army Infantry, the Ministry of Defence announced that the Royal Highland Fusiliers was to be merged with the other regiments of the Scottish Division as part of a single seven battalion unit with the title of the 'Royal Regiment of Scotland'. This merger took place in March 2006. As with the other Scottish line infantry regiments, the Royal Highland Fusiliers were permitted to retain their former name as their main title, with the new battalion number as a subtitle. Therefore, the regiment is now known as The Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland, abbreviated to 2 SCOTS; in addition, it continues to maintain its Pipes, Drums and Bugles band and members of the battalion continue to wear the white fusilier hackle on the tam o'shanter. Three Territorial Army Companies of the 52nd Lowland, 6th Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland are also affiliated with the regular Royal Highland Fusiliers battalion.
Currently as a light role battalion under the command of 52nd Infantry Brigade, it also has responsibility for public duties in Edinburgh. The battalion is based at Glencorse Barracks in Penicuik, about 9 miles (14 km) away.
Regimental Headquarters and Museum
The Charles Rennie Mackintosh designed Regimental Headquarters and Museum is operated by the Regimental Secretary and located near Charing Cross at Sauchiehall Street in Glasgow. The battalion's recruitment team is also based at Walcheren Barracks in the Maryhill district of Glasgow. A regimental magazine is also published, The Journal of the Royal Highland Fusiliers. There are also various old comrades groups and associations linked to the current and antecedent Regiments of the RHF.
- Canada - The Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
- New Zealand - The Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
- Pakistan - 11th Battalion, The Baloch Regiment
- South Africa - Prince Alfred's Guard
- W. Durie "The British Garrison in Berlin 1945-1994, Nowhere to go"; Vergangenheitsverlag, Berlin, May 2012, ISBN 978-3-86408-068-5.
- The Canadian Crown and the Canadian Forces
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Royal Highland Fusiliers.|
- Regiment Information on the British Army official website
- The Royal Highland Fusiliers
- British Army Locations 1945 on
- Deployed: Scotland to Afghanistan - slideshow by Life magazine