Royal Irish Academy
The Royal Irish Academy (RIA) (Irish: Acadamh Ríoga na hÉireann), based in Dublin, is an all-Ireland, independent, academic body that promotes study and excellence in the sciences, humanities and social sciences. It is one of Ireland's premier learned societies and cultural institutions and currently has around 420 Members, elected in recognition of their academic achievements. The Academy was established in 1785 and granted royal charter in 1786. Until the late 19th century it was also the owner of the main national collection of Irish antiquities. It presented its collection of archaeological artefacts and similar items, which included such famous pieces as the Tara Brooch, to what is now the National Museum of Ireland, but retains its very significant collection of manuscripts.
- 1 Mission statement
- 2 Membership
- 3 Research Projects
- 4 Publishing
- 5 Library
- 6 Academy Committees
- 7 Academy House
- 8 Governance
- 9 Cunningham Medal
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The Academy has issued the following mission statement:
The Royal Irish Academy, the academy for the sciences and humanities for the whole of Ireland will vigorously promote excellence in scholarship, recognise achievements in learning, direct research programmes and undertake its own research projects, particularly in areas relating to Ireland and its heritage.
It will reflect upon, advise on and contribute to public debate and public policy formation on issues of major interest in science, technology and culture.
It will continue to offer an independent forum to Irish scholars, it will provide a network of support for scholarly disciplines through its network of academy committees, it will maintain and enhance its unique library, it will publish scholarly papers and it will represent the world of Irish learning internationally.
Election to Membership of the Royal Irish Academy is a public recognition of academic excellence. It is the highest academic honour in Ireland. Those elected are entitled to use the designation "MRIA" after their name. The criterion for election to Membership is a significant contribution to scholarly research as shown in the candidate's published academic work. To be elected, a candidate has to be proposed and recommended by five Members. Presently, twenty Members are elected each year, equally divided between the sciences and humanities. Membership is open only to those resident in Ireland.
Honorary Membership can be awarded to persons who have made outstanding contribution to their academic discipline, but who are normally resident outside the island of Ireland. At least two existing Members must propose and recommend a candidate for Honorary Membership. Honorary members are entitled to use the designation "Hon. MRIA" after their name.
- Francis Beaufort, hydrographer and originator of the Beaufort Wind Scale
- J.P. Beddy, public servant
- Sir William Betham (1779–1853), Ulster King of Arms 1820–1853
- Frederick Boland, diplomat
- Andrew Nicholas Bonaparte Wyse, civil servant
- Hugh Carleton, 1st Viscount Carleton, eminent judge and politician.
- Arthur Cox, solicitor
- Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach 1932–1948; 1951–1954; 1957–1959 and President of Ireland 1959–1973
- Samuel Ferguson (1810–1886)
- Garret FitzGerald, Taoiseach 1981–1982 and 1982–1987
- James Gandon, architect
- Henry Grattan, politician
- Seamus Heaney (1939–2013), poet, Nobel laureate
- William Rowan Hamilton, mathematician
- Walter Heitler, physicist
- Thomas Dix Hincks (1767–1857) orientalist and naturalist
- Richard Kirwan, chemist, meteorologist, and mineralogist
- Seán Lemass, Taoiseach 1959–1966
- F. S. L. Lyons, historian
- Gearóid Mac Eoin, linguist and historian, member since 1975.
- Eoin MacNeill, politician and historian
- William Hunter McCrea, astronomer
- P G (Gerry) McKenna, Biomedical Scientist
- Frank Mitchell, naturalist
- Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin and President of the International Olympic Committee
- Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh, Attorney General 1946–1948, 1951–1953 and President of Ireland 1974–1976
- Fergus O'Rourke Zoologist
- John O'Donovan (1806–1861), Irish language scholar and place-name expert
- Eva Philbin (1914–2005), chemist and first female senior vice-president
- George Porte FRGSI, civil engineer, naturalist, member of the Natural History Society of Dublin, educator and founder member of the Dublin Microscopical Club in 1849 with William Archer, Edward Percival Wright and others
- William Reeves (1815–1892), antiquarian and bishop, President of the Academy in 1891
- Erwin Schrödinger (1931), Nobel physics laureate
- Robert William Smith (1807–1873), surgeon and pathologist
- James Henthorn Todd (1805–1869), biblical scholar, educator, and Irish historian
- Ernest T.S. Walton (1935), Nobel physics laureate
- Robert Anthony Welch, author, educator, and literary historian
- James Dooge, engineer, Government Minister, architect of the European Union. (President of the RIA 1986–1990)
- Johannes Diderik van der Waals (1837–1923), 1910 Nobel Prize in physics.
- Isaac Weld (1774–1856), topographical author
- William Wilde, polymath and father of the playwright, Oscar Wilde
- Edward Percival Wright FRGSI (1834–1910), ophthalmic surgeon, botanist and zoologist.
The Academy currently manages a number of high-profile research projects in the sciences and humanities.
The Academy is one of the longest-established publishers in Ireland, beginning in 1787. The Academy currently publishes six journals, including Ériu. The Academy's research projects also regularly publish the Irish Historic Towns Atlas series, the Documents on Irish Foreign Policy, Foclóir na nua-Ghaeilge, the Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources, and the New Survey of Clare Island.
The Academy is committed to publishing work which not only influences scholarship, but also the wider community, for example Flashes of Brilliance by Dick Ahlstrom, and Judging Dev by Diarmaid Ferriter. Both of these publications have been accompanied by either a television or a radio series.
See also Category:Royal Irish Academy Library
The Academy Library holds the largest collection of Old Irish manuscripts in the world. It is an important research centre for studies covering Irish history, language, archaeology and the history of Irish science .The Library is home to the sixth-century Latin psalter, the Cathach, reputedly copied by St Columcille. The Library also holds the personal library of Thomas Moore and the philological collection of Osborn J. Bergin.
During the 1950s the Academy began forming national committees, each relating to a specific discipline. Today the main focus of the Academy committees is to serve as a strategic vehicle for the disciplines they represent, and to act as a national forum, providing input into policy, research priorities and issues of public concern, such as climate change. They also organise public outreach activities, such as lectures and public interviews, and award grants for research and travel. The Academy committees are made up of both Members and non-Members, including representatives from universities, research institutions, government agencies and, where appropriate, industry.
In 1852 the Royal Irish Academy moved to its current premises at 19, Dawson Street, Dublin 2, known as "Academy House". Built in c.1750, the building has some fine decorative plasterwork and a handsome meeting room designed in 1854 by Frederick Clarendon and now used for conferences, exhibitions and public talks. Academy House was home to many of Ireland's finest national treasures, including the Ardagh Chalice and the Tara Brooch, until 1890 when the Academy transferred its collections to the newly established National Museum of Ireland.
The President and Council are responsible for the Academy's general government and regulation. They are elected annually at the Stated Meeting on 16 March. The President normally serves a three-year term of office. The membership of Council is drawn from the Sciences and Humanities sections. Council formulates policies, develops and recommends candidates for membership.
The Executive Committee supports the Council in supervising the day-to-day business of the Academy. The members of the Executive Committee are the President, Senior Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Secretaries of Science and PL&A, Executive Secretary, Secretary for International Relations and a Staff Representative.
The Royal Irish Academy became a prescribed body under the terms of the Freedom of Information Act 1997 and the Freedom of Information Act (Amendment) 2003, on 31 May 2006.
- 2014: Mary E. Daly 
- 2011: Luke Drury (54th president)
- 2008: Nicholas Canny
- 2005: James Slevin
- 2002: Michael E.F. Ryan
- 1999: David Spearman
- 1996: Michael Herity
- 1993: John O. Scanlan
- 1990: Aidan Clark
- 1987–1990: James Dooge
- 1985–1987: T.K. Whitaker
- 1982: William Arthur Watts
- 1979: Proinsias Mac Cana
- 1976–1979: Frank Mitchell
- 1973: David Greene
- 1970–1973: Vincent C. Barry
- 1961–1964: John Lighton Synge
- 1958–1961: Aubrey Osborn Gwynn
- 1946–1949: Thomas Percy Claude Kirkpatrick
- 1943–1946: Richard Irvine Best
- 1940-1943: Eoin MacNeill 
- 1934–1937: Edward John Gwynn
- 1931–1934: Robert Lloyd Praeger (26th president)
- 1926–1931: Robert Alexander Stewart Macalister
- 1921–1926: Sidney Young
- 1916–1921: John Henry Bernard
- 1911–1916: John Pentland Mahaffy
- 1907: Francis Alexander Tarleton
- : Charles Owen O'Conor
- 1896–1901: Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
- 1892–1896: John Kells Ingram 
- 1891–1892: William Reeves (died 1892)
- 1886–1891: Samuel Haughton
- 1882–1886: Samuel Ferguson
- 1877–1882: Robert Kane
- 1874–1876: William Stokes
- 1869–1874: John Hewitt Jellett
- 1866–1869: James Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot de Malahide
- 1861–1866: Charles Graves
- 1856–1861: James Henthorn Todd
- 1851–1856: Thomas Romney Robinson
- 1846–1851: Humphrey Lloyd
- 1837–1846: Sir William Rowan Hamilton
- 1835–1837: Bartholomew Lloyd
- 1822–1835: John Brinkley
- 1812–1822: Charles Bury, 1st Earl of Charleville
- 1799–1812: Richard Kirwan
- 1785–1799: James Caulfeild, 1st Earl of Charlemont (1st president)
The Academy’s premier award is its Cunningham Medal, which was established in 1796 at the bequest of barrister Timothy Cunningham of Gray's Inn.
After a period of uncertainty and experimentation regarding the terms and conditions of the award, it was agreed in 1848 that the medals would be open to the authors of works or essays in the areas of Science, Polite Literature and Antiquities, published in Ireland or about Irish subjects. 
It is awarded every three years to Members of the Academy in recognition of “outstanding contributions to scholarship and the objectives of the Academy” 
Source: Royal Irish Academy
- 2013: Patrick Honohan (banking)
- 2011: John V McCanny (microelectronics)
- 2008: Seamus Heaney (poetry)
- 2005: Denis L. Weaire (physics)
- 2001: Daniel Joseph Bradley (physics); Maurice Craig (architectural history); Sir Bernard Crossland (engineering); David Beers Quinn (history)
- 1989: Frank Mitchell (natural history)
- 1885: John Christian Malet (mathematics)
- 1884: John Birmingham (astronomy)
- 1883: Edward Perceval Wright (editing Proceedings of RIA)
- 1881: Howard Grubb (astronomy)
- 1879: Robert Stawell Ball (mathematics); William Archer (natural history)
- 1878: George James Allman (natural history); Edward Dowden (literary criticism); Aquilla Smith (numismatics); John Casey (mathematics)
- 1873: Sir William Wilde (polymath, father of Oscar Wilde)
- 1862: Robert Mallet (seismology); Humphrey Lloyd (astronomy); John Thomas Gilbert (history); Whitley Stokes (linguistics)
- 1858: Edward Joshua Cooper (astronomy); George Salmon (mathematics); Charles William Wall (literary criticism); William Reeves (history)
- 1851: John Hewitt Jellett (mathematics)
- 1848: Samuel Haughton (mathematics);Sir William Rowan Hamilton (mathematics); Edward Hincks (orientalist);John O'Donovan (history)
- 1843: Robert Kane (chemistry)
- 1839: James Apjohn (physics) ; George Petrie (history)
- 1838: James MacCullagh (physics)
- 1834: William Rowan Hamilton (mathematics)
- 1833: George Petrie (history)
- 1830: George Petrie (history)
- 1827: John D'Alton (history)
- 1818: John Brinkley (astronomy)
- 1805: William Preston (poetry)
- 1800: Theophilus Swift (writing, poetry)
- 1796: Thomas Wallace
- Harbison, Peter (2003) "Royal Irish Academy" , in Lalor, Brian (ed) Encyclopaedia of Ireland, Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, pp 948–949.
- "Mission statement". Royal Irish Academy. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "Biography of Gearóid Mac Eoin". http://gearoidmaceoin.com.
- "James Dooge (1922–2010)". Irishtimes.com. 8 August 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- Raifeartaigh, T.O. (1985) The Royal Irish Academy: A bicentennial history 1785–1985 Dublin: Royal Irish Academy
- "Accessed 13th June 2008". Maryjones.us. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- Accessed on 13th June 2008[dead link]
- "RIA Elects first Woman President in 229 years". Royal Irish Academy. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- "New President and Officers of the RIA". Royal Irish Academy. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "DICTIONARY OF IRISH BIOGRAPHY". Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "RIA Annual Report 2002-2003". RIA. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "RIA Biographies". RIA. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "Academy Gold Medallists 2011". RIA. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "Profile – Issue 24, Sep 2005-Professor James Dooge FREng". Ingenia Online. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "George Huxley Papers-SERIES V. Newspaper Clippings". The American School of Classical Studies at Athens. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "The Learned Tales of Medieval Ireland [Hardcover]". Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "George Francis (Frank) Mitchell (1912–1997)". Ask about Ireland. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "Irishman who discovered cure for leprosy honoured". Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "John Lighton Synge". Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "Thomas Percy Claude Kirkpatrick Archive". Royal College of Physicians of Ireland. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Praeger, Robert Lloyd (Ireland 1865–1953)". Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "Professor R.A.S. Macalister (1870–1950) Professor of Celtic Archaeology (1909–1943)". University College,Dublin. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- O'Day, Alan. Irish Home Rule, 1867–1921. p. Glossary xii.
- O'Day, Alan. Irish Home Rule, 1867–1921. p. Glossary xxvi.
- "Parsons, Laurence". Oxford DNB. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "John Kells Ingram (1823 - 1907): Academic and economist". Dictionary of Ulster Biography. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- "John O'Donovan/William Reeves correspondence". UCD Digital Library. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Charles O'Shaughnessy's rebuttal of Darwin". Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Stokes,William". Oxford DNB. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "Jellett, John Hewitt". Ask about Ireland. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement-Graves, Charles-by Benjamin Williamson". Retrieved 56 August 2013. Check date values in:
- "James Henthorn Todd by G.O.Simms". JSTOR. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Thomas Romney Robinson (1793–1882)". Ask about Ireland. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Humphrey Lloyd-1867 – 1881 (c. 1800–81)". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "Royal Irsh Academy". Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "Bartholomew Lloyd-1831 – 1837 (c. 1772–1837)". Trinity College Dublin. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "John Brinkley ~ the Astronomer Bishop". Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "British Armorial Bindings". Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- [pS=1370287855&tx_ttnews[backPid]=394&cHash=ef1b3e4043899435cbd7a0226148c91b "Science at the Royal Irish Academy: ‘Uniting whatever is pleasing with whatever is useful’ Exhibition - See more at: http://www.heritagecouncil.ie/mhusaem-chartlann/events/archive/view-event/article/science-at-the-royal-irish-academy-uniting-whatever-is-pleasing-with-whatever-is-useful-exhib/?L=3&tx_ttnews%5BpS%5D=1370287855&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=394&cHash=ef1b3e4043899435cbd7a0226148c91b#sthash.0iBM4vx3.dpuf"]. The Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy (1836-1869)". Royal Irish Academy. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
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