Royal Military Academy, Woolwich
|Royal Military Academy, Woolwich|
The New Royal Military Academy, Woolwich in use 1806 to 1939
The Royal Military Academy (RMA) at Woolwich, in south-east London, was a British Army military academy for the training of commissioned officers of the Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers. It later also trained officers of the Royal Corps of Signals and other technical corps.
The Royal Military Academy Woolwich was founded in 1741: it was intended to provide an education and produce "good officers of Artillery and perfect Engineers". RMA Woolwich was commonly known as "The Shop" because its first building was a converted workshop of the Woolwich Arsenal.
The Royal Military Academy Woolwich closed in 1939 and in 1947 the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst was formed on the site of the former Royal Military College at Sandhurst (which had previously only trained officers for the Infantry and Cavalry) with the objective of providing officer training for all arms and services.
Durkan Group bought the Woolwich site by public tender in 2006. The Woolwich buildings have since been converted and extended into 334 houses and apartments, including 150 for a housing association.
Commandants have included:
- ?-1901 Major-General F. T. Lloyd, CB (Governor and Commandant)
- 1901-? Major-General R. H. Jelf, CMG (Governor and Commandant)
- 1912–1914 Brigadier-General Arthur Holland
- 1914–1918 Major-General William Cleeve
- 1918–1920 Major-General Geoffrey White
- 1920–1924 Major-General Webb Gillman
- 1924–1926 Major-General Ronald Charles
- 1926–1930 Major-General Hugo De Pree
- 1930–1934 Major-General Cyril Wagstaff
- 1934–1938 Major-General Arthur Goschen
- 1938–1939 Major-General Philip Neame
Notable teachers at Woolwich include:
- Sir Frederick Abel, appointed lecturer in chemistry in 1852
- Peter Barlow, appointed assistant mathematics master in 1801 and who retained this post until 1847
- Samuel Hunter Christie was mathematical assistant in 1806 and professor of mathematics, 1838-1854
- Morgan Crofton, an Irish mathematician, was Professor of Mathematics from 1870 to 1884
- Sir George Greenhill was professor of mathematics from 1876 to 1908
- Paul Sandby was chief drawing master from 1768 to 1799
- "Royal Engineers Museum – Articles – Royal Military Academy, Woolwich". Retrieved 2008-12-24.
- History of the Royal Military Academy
- Binney, Marcus (2008-03-21). "Royal Military Academy in Woolwich is turned into luxury apartments". The Times (London). Retrieved 15 April 2011.
- Facilities in Sandhurst – 1937
- Army Commands
- The London Gazette: . 27 September 1901.
- Encyclopædia Britannica Online: Sir Frederick Augustus Abel
- Encyclopædia Britannica Online: Peter Barlow
- MacTutor Biography: Peter Barlow
- Lance Day and Ian McNeil, Biographical dictionary of the history of technology, Routledge, 1995, page 42.
- "Christie, Samuel Hunter (CHRY800SH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, Scotland. Alfred George Greenhill (October 2003). http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Greenhill.html
- British Museum collection: Royal Military Academy and Prince Rupert's Tower, Woolwich Academy - curator's note
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