Royal Moroccan Army
|Royal Moroccan Armed Forces
Royal Armed Forces القوات الملكية المغربية
|Active||November, 1956 – present|
|Allegiance||King of Morocco|
|Size||175,000 regular (2011 est.)
150,000 reserve (2011 est.)
|Part of||Royal Moroccan Armed Forces|
|Equipment||1,215 m.b.t.'s, 2,253 i.f.v.'s & a.p.c.'s, 600 artillery|
|Engagements||World War I
Spanish Civil War
World War II
First Indochina War
Yom Kippur War
Western Sahara War
Operation Scorched Earth
Operation Active Endeavour
ISAF Joint Command
Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara
|King of Morocco||Mohammed VI of Morocco|
The Royal Moroccan Army, officially The Royal Army (Arabic: الجيش الملكي, French: l'Armée Royale, Spanish: Ejército Real) is the branch of the Royal Moroccan Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations.
The army is about 175,000 troops strong. In case of war or state of siege, an additional force of 150,000 Reservists, and paramilitary forces, including 20,000 regulars of the Royal Moroccan Gendarmerie, 25,000 Auxiliary Forces and 5,000 mobile intervention corps regulars come under the Ministry of Defence command.
- 1 History
- 2 Forces today
- 3 Ranks
- 4 Equipment
- 4.1 Infantry weapons
- 4.2 Utility vehicles
- 4.3 Logistics, Engineering and support vehicles
- 4.4 Tanks
- 4.5 APCs/IFVs/Suport vehicles
- 4.6 Artillery
- 4.7 Air Defense Systems
- 4.8 Radars
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
The Moroccan army has existed continuously since the rising of Almoravid Empire in the 11th-century. During Colonisation and protectorates period (1912–1976), large numbers of Moroccans were recruited for service in the Spahi and Tirailleur regiments of the French Army of Africa. Many served during World War I. During World War II more than 300,000 Moroccan troops (including goumier auxiliaries) served with the Free French forces in North Africa, Italy, France and Austria. The two world conflicts saw Moroccan units earning the nickname of "Todesschwalben" (death swallows) by German soldiers as they showed particular toughness on the battlefield. After the end of World War II, Moroccan troops formed part of the French Far East Expeditionary Corps engaged in the First Indochina War from 1946 to 1954.
The Spanish Army also made extensive use of Moroccan troops recruited in the Spanish Protectorate, during both the Rif War of 1921–26 and the Spanish Civil War of 1936–39. Moroccan Regulares, together with the Spanish Legion, made up Spain's elite Spanish Army of Africa. A para-military gendarmerie, known as the "Mehal-la Jalifianas" and modelled on the French goumieres, was employed within the Spanish Zone.
The Royal Armed Forces were created on 14 May 1956, after the French Protectorate was dissolved. Fourteen thousand Moroccan personnel from the French Army and ten thousand from the Spanish Armed Forces transferred into the newly formed armed forces. This number was augmented by approximately 5,000 former guerrillas from the "Army of Liberation". About 2,000 French officers and NCOs remained in Morocco on short term contracts, until crash training programs at the military academies of St-Cyr, Toledo and Dar al Bayda produced sufficient numbers of Moroccan commissioned officers.
The Royal Moroccan Army fought during the Six-Day War and on the Golan front during the Yom Kippur War of 1973 (mostly in the battle for Quneitra) and intervened decisively in the 1977 conflict known as Shaba I to save Zaire's regime. The Armed Forces also took part in the Gulf War with a Mechanized Battalion and an infantry battalion in the Omar and Tariq Task Forces. But the Moroccan Armed Forces were mostly notable in fighting a 25-year asymmetric war against the POLISARIO, an Algerian backed rebel national liberation movement seeking the independence of Western Sahara from Morocco. (Western Sahara War)
- Other recent missions and conflicts:
Algeria, Morocco, and other Maghreb states affected by the GSPC insurgency have been assisted in fighting Islamist militants by the United States and the United Kingdom since 2007, when Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara began.
Situation and Equipment
From the beginning of 21st-century, the Moroccan army began a modernisation program that included the purchase of modern equipment and the transformation into a more professional army performing multiple exercises with allied's armies, as a Major non-NATO ally, member of the initiative 5+5  and other cooperation agreements. The army's modernisation program took shape with the acquisitions of weapons such as the Chinese VT-1A and MRLS AR2, American M1A1 Abrams, the HAWK air defense system or the M109A5 Self-Propelled Howitzer.
the organisation and structure of command remained the same:
 Formations are 10 Independent Armored battalions (GEB), 3 Mechanized Brigades with 19 battalions (RIMZ), 35 Independent Infantry Battalions (BIS), 6 Light security Brigades, 2 Cavalry and 3 Camel Corps battalions (Meharis), 2 Paratroops Brigades (BIP), 2 Airborne battalions (BIAP), 4 Commando battalions and 13 Artillery battalions (GAR), Air defence is included in the Artillery structures and divisions.
Armored diviones are mostly deployed in eastern and southern provinces, all along Algerian border and Moroccan wall. More than 600 tanks are in service: 48 VT-1A, 148 T-72B and 427 M60A3/A3TTS Patton. Some M48 Pattons were retired from active service and stored as reserve with the 1991 cease-fire, the SK-105 Kürassiers had the same fate. In Addition, 200 ex-US refurbished and enhanced M1A1 Abrams are expected to be delivered in a period of 4 years, as the rest of Chinese tanks, to be delivered totally by 2012-13.
The mechanized brigades and Cavalries, equipped with Light Armored Carrier (LAVs), armored personnel carriers (APCs) or infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) for transport, combat and recon missions, are equipped with: 1,200 M113 in different variants (M113A1/A1-B/A2 APCs, M106A1/A2 mortar carriers, M163 VADS, M981 FISTV, M901A1, etc.), 60 Ratel 20/90, 395 VAB VCI/VTT, 110 ex-Belgian AIFV, 175 AML 90/60 and 110 AMX 10 RC. Other APCs are part of other corps as the Auxiliary's UR-416, or the recent purchase of 88 Lenco BearCat for the Royal Moroccan Gendarmerie
The Artillery, grouped in GARs, includes Self-Propelled Howitzers, towed Howitzers, MRLS and Air Defense Systems, mortar carriers are part of the RIMZ. The equipment includes: 248 155mm M109 SPH in different versions, 60 203mm M110A2 SPH, received as EDA from USA, and 100 155mm Mk F3 remain in service. Note that only 155mm towed howitzers are deployed all along the Moroccan Wall, that includes 140 155mm (M198, FH-70, M-1950, M114), 18 130mm (M1954) and 54 105mm (M101 and L118) are deployed in different regions. 2 Battalions of MRLS are also listed as part of RMAs inventory, the first with 36 122mm BM-21 and the second with 36 300mm AR2.
Moroccan Anti-Aircraft Warfare have been based basically on Self Propelled Air Defense Systems, waiting the arrival of MIM-23 Hawk XXI HIMAD SAM. In its inventory we find 72 MIM-72 Chaparral, 12 Tunguska M1, 90 ZSU-23-4 and 115 M163 VADS, in addition of the K32 Strela-2 MANPADS. Other systems include AAG as M1939 (61-K), ZU-23-2 or M167 VADS, usually mounted on LUVs and CUCVs.
the Kingdom of Morocco is part of multiple international organisations, is a Major non-NATO ally, part of the Arab League, and has established military cooperations with different countries such as USA, Russia, Portugal, Tunisia, China, Qatar, Italy, France, Spain, UAE  or Turkey. As part of the UN, Moroccan Army participed in different Peacekeeping missions. Moroccan troops were sent as part of SFOR, KFOR, MINUSTAH or the more recent UNSMIS in Syria. It has also responded the call of its allies, taking part of conflicts such as Shaba I, Battle of Mogadishu (1993), the Gulf War or the Operation Scorched Earth, among others. Morocco has dispatched several field hospitals to conflict zones and areas affected by natural disasters, the latest contributions were at Libyan civil war, the Syrian civil war. and in the Gaza strip after Operation Pillar of Defense 
The Royal Moroccan Army also performs annual training exercise called "African Lion" with the United States Marine Corps. The exercise is a regularly scheduled, combined U.S. - Moroccan military exercise designed to promote improved interoperability and mutual understanding of each nation's tactics, techniques, procedures, unit readiness and enhancing foreign relations.
Morocco has also been the venue for Exercise "Jebel Sahara" since September 2002, gathering elements from 33 Squadron, 230 Squadron, 18 Squadron, 27 Squadron, Joint Helicopter Force HQ from RAF Benson, 1st Battalion Royal Gibraltar Regiment and 2nd Brigade d'Infanterie Parachutiste of the Royal Moroccan Army. The aim of the Exercise was to increase the Support Helicopter warfighting capability in desert ‘hot and high' conditions and foster good relations between the UK and Morocco. To achieve this, the scenario consisted of a joint counter insurgency operation in the desert and mountain foothills to re-establish control and authority within a troubled region of North Africa.
The Royal Armed Forces also take part of different international exercises as Leapfest , Flintlock , Blue Sand , and occasional military operations exercises with Belgium, U.A.E., Spain, France and others.
Militaires du rang / Enlisted
- Soldat de deuxième classe / Private)
- Soldat de première classe / Private First Class
- Caporal (infantry) or Brigadier (cavalry) / Lance corporal
- Caporal-chef (infantry) or Brigadier-chef (cavalry) / Corporal
Sous-officiers / non-commissioned officer
- Eleve Sous-Officier / candidat at Officers School
- Sergent / Sergeant
- Sergent-chef / Staff Sergeant
- Sergent-major / Sergeant First Class
- Adjudant / Adjutant
- Adjudant chef / Adjutant-chef
Officiers subalternes / Junior officers
- Eleve Officier Officer Cadet
- Aspirant / Aspirant
- Sous-lieutenant / Sub-lieutenant
- Lieutenant / Lieutenant
- Capitaine / Captain
Officiers supérieurs / Senior officers
- Commandant / Commandant
- Lieutenant-Colonel/ Lieutenant Colonel
- Colonel / Colonel
- Colonel Major / Major
Généraux / General officers
- Général de brigade / Brigade General
- Général de division / Divisional General
- Général de corps d'armée / Corps General
- Général de l'armé et commandant en chef: Army General and Commander-in-chief Retained by His Majesty the King of Morocco.
|Light Utility Vehicles|
|URO VAMTAC||LUV||2,000||1,200 URO VAMTAC and 800 URO VAM-TL |
|Commercial Utility Cargo Vehicles|
|GM Defense||CUCVs||378||138 M1008 + 188 M1009 + 52 M1028|
|Santana Motor||CUCVs||U/N||Land RoverModel 88 and 106.|
|Nissan Patrol ML-6||CUCVs||U/N|
Logistics, Engineering and support vehicles
|Armored recovery vehicles|
|M88 Recovery Vehicle||ARVs||28||18 M88A1 and 10 M88A2|
|Military engineering vehicles|
|IVECO M3-21.14 TT||family of trucks||250|
|Unimog||family of trucks||U/N|
|Mercedes-Benz Actros||family of trucks||U/N|
|M35 and Variants||family of trucks||~3,500||88 M35A1 + ~2,000 M35A2 + 184 M35A2C + 635 M35A3 + 282 M36A2 + 112 M44A3 + 37M49A2C + 5 M50 + 6 M50A2 + 21 M50A3 + 275 M109A3 + 5 M185A3|
|M54 and variants||family of trucks||387||60 M54A2 + 327 M52A2|
|M800 series||family of trucks||~1,000||143 M813 + 283 M813A1 + 26 M814 + 460 M818 + 1 M819 + 72 M820 + 1 M820A1 + 34 M820A2 + 9 M821 / A1|
|M816 Wrecker||family of trucks||195|
|M911||Heavy Equipment Transport System||133|
|IVECO TRACTOR||family of trucks||100|
|M900 series||family of trucks||~160||12 M915 + 4 M916A1 + 9 M920 + 16 M923 + 19 M923A1 + 4 M923A2 + 7 M925 + 7 M925A1 + 5 M925A2 + 18 M927 + 12 M927A1 + 8 M927A2 + 2 M928 + 3 M928A2 + 2 M931 + 3 M931A2 + 4 M932 A2/3 + 7 M934 EXP + 4 M932A2 + 2 M936|
|M1075 & M1076||Palletized load system||2||1 M1075 + 1 M1076|
|TRM10000/9000 BMH||family of trucks||1000|
|Pegaso 3055||family of trucks||U/N|
|M1070||Heavy Equipment Transport System||10|
|ACMAT||family of trucks||600||VLRA long range Version|
|M1A1SA||3rd Generation MBT||200||Special Armor Configuration. To be delivered.|
|VT-1A||3rd Generation MBT||150|| 54 Received in 2011 |
|T-72B/BK||2nd Generation MBT||148||136 T-72B and 12 T-72BK |
|M60 Patton||2nd Generation MBT||427||260 M60A3TTS and 167 M60A3 |
|M48 Patton||1st Generation MBT||185||185 M48A5|
|SK-105 Kürassier||Light tank||105||Some retired from active service or stored.|
104 M901A1 Improved TOW Vehicle
115 M163 VADS Vulcan Air Defense System
38 M548A1 cargo carrier
163 M577A2 command vehicle (some upgraded to M1068 SICPS)
14 M981 FISTV Fire Support Team Vehicle
20 M125A1 Mortar carrier with 81 mm M29 mortar
36 M106A1/A2 Mortar Carrier with 107 mm M30 mortar
73 M730 launcher for the MIM-72 Chaparral
30 M113 AMEV armored ambulance
(See: Variants of the M113 armored personnel carrier)
Some M113 were indigenously fitted with a ZPU 2-14.5 Anti-Aircraft Gun, and others equipped with a TOW launcher mounted on a tripod on top of the vehicle.
|Ratel IFV||IFV||60||30 Ratel 20 + 30 Ratel 90|
|VAB VCI/VTT||APC||395||75 VAB VCI+ 320 VAB VTT. 140 To be upgraded|
|AIFV||IFV||110||19 AIFV-B-.50 + 90 AIFV-B-C25 + 1 AIFV-B-CP|
|AML 60/90||LAV||195||140 AML-90, 20 AML-90 Lynx 35 AML-60|
|AMX 10 RC||Tank destroyer||110|
|203mm M110A2||Self-Propelled Artillery||60|
|155mm Mk F3||Self-Propelled Artillery||100||on upgrade|
|155mm M109||Self-Propelled Artillery||248||44 M-109A1B, 43 M109A2 (Ex-Belgium), 40 M-109L47 (ex-Switzerland), 60 M109A5, and 35 M109A2, 22 M109A3, 4 M109A4 from EDA 2011 |
|155mm 2S19M1 MSTA-S||Self-Propelled Artillery||U/N|||
|Multiple rocket launcher|
Air Defense Systems
|MIM-23 Hawk XXI||HIMAD SAM||36||to be delivered |
|Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapons|
|Type 90||anti-aircraft gun||100|
|M167 VADS||anti-aircraft gun||40|
|AN/MPQ-64 Sentinel||Air radar||8|||
|AN/TPS-63||Air radar||8||to be upgraded to TPS-63M (+250%)|
|BOR-A 550||Ground radar||U/N|
|Stentor battlefield radar||Ground radar||U/N|
|Ground Master 403||Air radar||3||Potential purchase of 12, 15 or 18 units |
- INSS Military Balance Files - Morocco, Institute for National Security Studies, 30 August 2011, p. 5, retrieved 5 September 2011
- ISAF Joint Command | ISAF - International Security Assistance Force
- Ministère de l'Équipement et du Transport du Maroc
- On 21 December 2004 the Ministers of Defence from Algeria, Spain, France, Italy, Libya, Morocco, Mauretania, Portugal and Tunisia signed a Declaration of Intentions in order to create a new Mediterranean security initiative, restricted to the western part of the Mediterranean basin, called the 5+5 Initiative.
- Please be advised that despite the seeming precision of this order of Battle, the kingdom of Morocco maintains the real Orbat as a classified information. The info used in this wiki has been taked from Orbat and INSS reports
- The U.S. cooperation program in Morocco is a model for the region and is an important aspect of on-going regional multilateral security cooperation activities, including peacekeeping operations. Requested FY 2010 funding will allow the U.S. to meet a target of assisting Moroccan military personnel participation in 50 exercises with U.S. or coalition forces.
- In Moscow, the signing of the Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco on cooperation in military field 
- No que se refere ao objetivo 3, em 2011, foram realizadas 13 atividades com Marrocos 
- Tunisie-Maroc. L’impératif d’impulser davantage la coopération militaire (Fr)
- Les entretiens entre les deux responsables militaires ont porté sur la coopération militaire entre les deux pays et les possibilités de la développer, précise la même source. (fr) 
- Le Maroc et le Qatar ont signé, mardi à Rabat, un accord de coopération dans le domaine militaire, axé sur la formation, les technologies et les sciences.
- Un accord de coopération militaire italo-marocain ratifié à l'unanimité par le Sénat italien 
- Ce déplacement a permis d’aborder les nouvelles perspectives de coopération dans les domaines suivants : la gestion des ressources humaines, la sécurité des systèmes d’information, la reconversion professionnelle des militaires, les achats et la gestion financière par programmes, et le développement durable dans la gestion patrimoniale.
- La commission mixte maroco-espagnole se réunit tous les deux ans, de manière alternative, en Espagne et au Maroc. Elle s'inscrit dans le contexte de la coopération militaire bilatérale et contribue à consolider et promouvoir les liens de partenariat des deux forces armées, rappelle le communiqué.
- The two countries are exploring signing a formal memorandum of understanding on military cooperation. 
- Morocco Sends Humanitarian Assistance to Refugees At the Libyan Border
- Morocco had also provided urgent medical aid to Syrian refugees in Jordan, in cooperation with that country’s Government and through UNHCR 
- Morocco announced on Sunday it will set up a field hospital in the Gaza Strip to help Palestinians injured in Israeli air strikes, which the king described as "military aggression" in a statement.
- U.S. Marine Corps, Search Results:
- 'African Adventure,' Air International, January 2009, p.58
- wiw_af_morocco - worldinventory
- Trade Registers
- The Military Balance in the Middle East - February 19, 2004
- Kornet E Anti-Armour Missile - Army Technology
- KBP Metis M/ M1 AT Guided Missile
- 2005 Excess Defence Articles for Morocco
- The Government of the Kingdom of Morocco has requested a possible enhancement and refurbishment of 200 M1A1 Abrams tanks, provided as part of a grant Excess Defense Article(EDA) transfer notified to Congress on 27 April 2011, to the M1A1 Special Armor (SA) configuration 
- "The acquisition of the US and Chinese tanks will allow Morocco to retire much of its existing tank fleet" Janes Defence Weekly 2012/06/20
- UN Register of Conventional Arms
- 1999: 30 T-72B 2000: 58 T-72B & 12 T-72BK
- 48 upgraded T-72 tanks and a large number of spare parts supplied to Morocco, from Belarus, according to the Russian military news agency referring to the directorate of the 140th tank repair factory in Borisov 
- 300 Ex-US M60A1 from 1991 to 1994 and 120 M60A3TTS and 7 M60A1 in 1997
- "Morocco's M60A1 tanks were upgraded to M60A3's as these became available." 
- 140 Upgraded to M60A3TTS in 2009 Source: Army-guide
- Recently, Russia has delivered to Morocco a batch of Msta-S self-propelled howitzers, he said.
- Russia has delivered to Morocco a batch of Msta-S self-propelled howitzers
- After Type 05 MLRS (the export version called AR2) officially entered service in the PLA artillery forces, China signed with Morocco the contract of providing one battalion of AR2 Kanwa Daily News
- United Nations Register of Conventional Arms
- In North Africa, TRS has sold three radars to Morocco, which is renewing its air control facilities, and there is potential for further sales of 12, 15 or 18 units, a defense expert said.
- John Keegan "World Armies" ISBN 0-333-17236-1
- R. Hure "L'Armee d' Afrique 1830-1962"
- Anthony Cordesman, 'A Tragedy of Arms'