Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases

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Royal United Hospital (City Centre)
Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases NHS Trust
Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases.jpg
Location Bath, Somerset, England
Coordinates 51°22′55″N 2°21′41″W / 51.38194°N 2.36139°W / 51.38194; -2.36139Coordinates: 51°22′55″N 2°21′41″W / 51.38194°N 2.36139°W / 51.38194; -2.36139
Care system NHS
Hospital type Specialist
Emergency department No
Speciality Rheumatology
Founded 1742
Lists Hospitals in England

The Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases It is a small, specialist NHS hospital in the centre of Bath. It is run by the Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases NHS Foundation Trust.


From the 16th century the needs of the "deserving poor" who came to take the healing waters of the Roman Baths were recognised and an act of 1597 gave them the right to free use of the waters.[1] This attracted beggars and was repealed in 1714 but large numbers were still attracted to the city and St John's Hospital was only accessible to local residents. Plans were suggested for a hospital to receive them in 1716 with supporters which included Lady Elizabeth Hastings, Henry Hoare, Joseph Jekyll, William Oliver and Beau Nash.[2]

The hospital was founded in 1738 as The Mineral Water Hospital, and is still known locally as "The Min"; it is also signed locally as the RNHRD. Then, it provided care for the impoverished sick who were attracted to Bath because of the supposed healing properties of the mineral water from the spa. The original building was designed by John Wood the Elder and built with Bath stone donated by Ralph Allen. It was later enlarged, firstly in 1793 by the addition of an attic storey and later in 1860 by a second building erected on the west side of the earlier edifice. It is a Grade II* listed building.[3][4] There is a fine pediment, in Bath stone, on 1860 building depicting the parable of the good Samaritan. The hospital possesses a number of interesting oil paintings, in particular a picture of Dr Oliver and Mr Peirce examining three patients in 1741.[5]

In 1978, the hospital was the third from last of the English hydropathic hospitals to cease offering hydropathy.

In 1993, it became an NHS Foundation Trust, specialising in Rheumatic Disease and Rehabilitation, which received a 3 star rating in 2005.

The hospital provides local Rheumatology services, and also has specialist clinics and services which attract referrals from a national population. Specialist rheumatology clinics include connective tissue disease, ankylosing spondylitis, osteoporosis, and Pagets Disease. The hospital has a large brain injury rehabilitation service with separate units for adults, adolescents and children. It also houses the Bath Centre for Pain Services, which provides psychologically focused treatment for adults, young people and children with chronic pain and is the base for both adult and paediatric services for chronic fatigue syndrome; it hosts the largest regional clinical paediatric team for chronic fatigue syndrome in the UK.

The brain injury unit closed in March 2013 as a result of financial pressures.[6]

It was announced in January 2015 that the Trust would be taken over by Royal United Hospital Bath NHS Foundation Trust.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases". Bath Heritage. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Falconer, Randle (1888). History of the Royal Mineral Water Hospital, Bath. Bath: Royal Mineral Water Hospital. p. 11. 
  3. ^ Historic England. "Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases and Royal Mineral Water Hospital, with railings  (Grade II*) (1395448)". National Heritage List for England. 
  4. ^ "Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-06-24. 
  5. ^ "An eighteenth century consultation". Medical Heritage of Great Britain. Retrieved 2006-06-24. 
  6. ^ Murray, Kate (26 March 2013). "NHS brain injury services cuts are 'heartbreaking', say staff". Guardian. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Takeover at Bath Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases". BBC News. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 

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