Royal Naval Engineers
The Royal Naval Engineers, a department of the Royal Navy, has existed since 1835.
Naval engineers are in charge of the management and upkeep of ship-board machinery. Traditionally this included engines, motors, pumps and other mechanical devices, but modern engineers are now responsible for both mechanical systems and high-tech electronics such radar and sonar systems and nuclear-power plants.
When the corps was first created, there were three ranks for Engineers: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd. Over the years this ranking system has changed several times:
- 1835 - 1st, 2nd, 3rd Engineer.
- 1847 - Inspector of Machinery, Chief Engineer; First, Second, and Third Engineer.
- 1886 - Chief Inspector & Inspector of Machinery (R.Adm. and Captain), Fleet Engineer (Cdr), and Staff Engineer (Senior Lieutenant).
- 1904 - Standard executive rank titles with an "Engineer" prefix.
Fields of Expertise 
After graduating from university and receiving a basic training, naval engineers specialize in a particular field.
- Weapon Engineer Officer (WEO) - ensures that weapon systems are working properly.
- Marine Engineer Officer (MEO) - deals with the fuel, air, water, electrical, and (non-nuclear) propulsion systems.
- Air Engineer Officer (AEO) - Maintenance and upgrading of engines and electrical systems in aircraft.
- Submarines The Nuclear Task - working with nuclear-powered submarines.
In 1888 engineer studentships were created. Today, there are several different student-scholarship programs available including the University Cadetship Entry, a competitive program in which students enlist and train at Britannia Royal Naval College before going to university.
- Engineer Officer, Royal Navy.[dead link]
- http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/static/pages/4746.html[dead link]
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