Royal Newfoundland Constabulary
|Royal Newfoundland Constabulary|
|Shoulder flash of the RNC|
|Badge of the RNC|
|Preceding agency||Newfoundland Constabulary (1729)|
|Annual budget||$40,568,300 (2008)|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada|
|Map of Royal Newfoundland Constabulary's jurisdiction.|
|Headquarters||1 Fort Townshend, St. John's|
|Elected officer responsible||The Honourable Darin King, Minister of Justice|
|Agency executive||Robert Johnston, Chief|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The Royal Newfoundland Constabulary (RNC) is a police force in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It provides policing to the communities of St. John's and the Northeast Avalon Peninsula, Corner Brook, Churchill Falls, and Labrador City.
The RNC dates back to 1729, with the appointment of the first police constables. In the 19th century, the RNC was modelled after the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) with the secondment in 1844 of Timothy Mitchell of the Royal Irish Constabulary to be Inspector General, making it the oldest civil police force in North America. Mitchell served as Inspector General and Superintendent of Police until 1871, when the Newfoundland Constabulary was reorganized with a new Police Act.
Other officers recruited from the RIC to take command of the Newfoundland force included Thomas J. Foley, who served from 1871 to 1873, Paul Carty, who headed the RNC from 1873–1895, and John Roche McGowen, who served as constabulary Inspector General from 1895-1908.
During World War II, the RNC pursued spies and criminal elements in the foreign military stationed at St. John's. Their investigation into the 1942 Knights of Columbus Hostel fire has become popular knowledge.
On May 3, 2005, the RNC made a formal exchange of colours with An Garda Síochána na hÉireann, one of the two successor forces to the old RIC. The exchange of colours was to mark the historic links between policing in Newfoundland and Ireland.
The Royal Newfoundland Constabulary serves alongside the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, which is contracted by the provincial government to provide provincial and community policing services. The Royal Newfoundland Constabulary services mainly major metropolitan areas while the RCMP serves smaller and remote rural areas.
The RNC polices the following areas:
- St. John's Metropolitan Area (St. John's, Mount Pearl, and surrounding communities)
- Corner Brook
- Labrador West (Labrador City, Wabush, Churchill Falls, and the surrounding area)
- Chief of Police
- Deputy Chief of Police
- Staff Sergeant
- Acting Sergeant
Over the years, the Constabulary has used many different vehicles such as:
- Chrysler PT Cruiser - Community Policing
- Dodge Charger
- Dodge Intrepid
- Chevrolet Impala
- Chevrolet Lumina
- Chevrolet Silverado
- Chevrolet Suburban
- Chevrolet Van
- Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor
- Ford E-Series
- Ford Expedition
- Ford Explorer
- Ford F-Series
- Ford Taurus
- Jeep Cherokee
- Toyota Tundra - Mounted Unit only
- Toyota Echo - Community Policing
- Hyundai Elantra - Community Policing
As a result of the recommendations of the Select Committee on the Arming Policy of the RNC, members on operational duty were permitted to wear sidearms starting June 14, 1998. Previously, members were required to keep all firearms secured in the trunk of the police cruiser and were only deployed with permission from the Chief.
- Handgun - Sig Sauer P226
- Pepper Spray
The RNC has operated a mounted unit since 1873.
The unit was created in 2003 replacing a voluntary unit. The unit's history can be traced back to three earlier units, the Newfoundland Constabulary Mounted Force 1873-1894, New Fire Brigade Mounted Force 1895-1922 and Newfoundland Constabulary 1922-1951.
The unit has four horses and four riders and all the horses are Percheron:
- Custodian helmet
- Integrated Security Unit
- List of Canadian organizations with royal patronage
- Monarchy of Canada
- Newfoundland Rangers
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police
- Royal Irish Constabulary
- The Biography of John J. Sullivan.
- Browne, Gary (2009). To Serve and Protect: The Newfoundland Constabulary on the Home Front World War Two. ISBN 0-9783434-9-2.
- "List of civilian organizations with the prefix "Royal"". Canadian Heritage. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
- "Annual Report of the Auditor General 2001".
- "Newfoundland Constabulary halts Taser use". CBC News. 2007-11-15. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
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