Royal Observatory of Belgium
|Royal Observatory of Belgium|
|Location||Uccle (Ukkel (Dutch))|
The Royal Observatory of Belgium, officially known in French as the Observatoire Royal de Belgique, and in Dutch as the Koninklijke Sterrenwacht van België, is situated at Uccle (Ukkel in Dutch) since 1890, although it was originally founded in 1834. It was home to a 100 cm diameter aperture Zeiss reflector in the first half of the 20th century, one of the largest telescopes in the world at the time. It has had a variety of other astronomical instruments, such as astrographs, as well as a range of seismograph equipment (such as for detecting earthquakes).
The main activities are:
- Reference systems and geodynamics
- Astrometry and dynamics of celestial bodies
- Solar physics.
The Royal Observatory was founded by Adolphe Quetelet in 1828, and the facilities there began operation by 1834. It was moved to Uccle in 1890, however, this was a fairly common practice for observatory in those days. It suffered some damage in 20th-century wars, but it was repaired and new instruments were acquired (new instruments were bought on a regular basis also).
The asteroid 1276 Ucclia is named for City and the Observatory.
The Planetarium is located at the Heysel, in the northern region of Brussels.
See also 
- Belgian Federal Science Policy Office
- Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy
- Royal Meteorological Institute
See also 
Further reading 
- Centennial of the Royal Observatory Belgium (The Observatory, Vol. 58, p. 208-209 (1935))
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