Royal Ranger Regiment

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Royal Ranger Regiment
Royal Ranger Regiment.png
Cap Badge of the Rejimen Renjer DiRaja
Active 1862 (as Sarawak Rangers)–present
Country  Malaysia
Branch Malaysian Army
Type Line Infantry
Role Mechanised infantry (one battalion)
Light infantry (8 battalions)
Elite parachute infantry (one battalion)
Size 10 battalions
Part of Malaysian Armed Forces
Motto Agi Idup Agi Ngelaban (Whilst there is life, there is fight or As long As I live,I shall fight!)
Commanders
Colonel in Chief DYMM Tuanku Syed Sirajudin Ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail
Insignia
Hackle Black

The Royal Ranger Regiment (Malay: Rejimen Renjer DiRaja; RRD) is an infantry regiment of the Malaysian Army. Although it is second in seniority to the Royal Malay Regiment (Rejimen Askar Melayu DiRaja; RAMD), the RRD can trace its origins back to the mid 19th century and the establishment of The Sarawak Rangers, the peacekeeping force in the Sarawak region. This force was absorbed by the Sarawak Constabulary in 1932, but the name was revived in 1941 as a British Colonial unit; this unit commanded by British Lieutenant Colonel C.M. Lane[1][2] was captured by the Japanese in 1942.

History[edit]

In 1948, at the beginning of the Malayan Emergency, groups of Iban trackers[3] were recruited to help in the defence against the Communist Party of Malaya. These Iban trackers were organised into a regimental formation as the Sarawak Rangers in 1953. Prior to 1963, they were attached as scouts to many British units serving in Malaya. One of the trackers, Awang anak Rawang was awarded the George Cross on 20 November 1951, during his attachment to the Worcestershire Regiment.

In 1963, following the formation of Malaysia on 16 September of that year, the unit was transferred from the British Colonial Forces to the new Malaysian Army[4] and expanded into a multi-battalion, multi-ethnic regiment named Renjer Malaysia. This became the Rejimen Renjer in 1971, before being given the 'Royal' prefix and hence known as the Rejimen Renjer DiRaja (Royal Ranger Regiment) in 1992.

On 28 September 2013,Royal Ranger Regiment celebrates its Golden Jubilee.

As a gesture of friendship, a Malaysian 8th Royal Ranger Regiment officer presents a hand-made fish trap to US Marines Lt. Col. T. Armstrong, commanding officer, Landing Force, exercise Cooperation Afloat Readiness And Training (LF CARAT).

Present[edit]

The RRD is organised in the same way as the RAMD and currently consists of ten battalions,

The 1st to 6th, and the 9th and 10th are light infantry battalions.

The 7th Ranger Battalion is presently configured as a mechanised infantry battalion and is equipped with tracked ACV 300 IFVs, some of which are armed with Bushmaster 25 mm guns.

The 8th Ranger Battalion is one of the three airborne infantry battalions that form the 10 Para Brigade, the element of the Army's Pasukan Atur Cepat.

Colonel in Chief[edit]

DYMM Tuanku Syed Sirajudin Ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail, formerly the King or Yang Di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, and Raja of Perlis is the Colonel in Chief of the regiment.

The current Chairman of the Corps is Brigadier General Dato' Mohd Zaki bin Hj Mokhtar.

Customs & Traditions[edit]

Hackle[edit]

Rejimen Renjer DiRaja is the only regiment or corps in the Malaysian Army that is authorised to wear the black hackle as part of their uniform. Also, unlike other units, the No.3 uniform (office duty) has black buttons and Gun Metal pips instead of the standard green buttons and pips of the Malaysian Army.

A Ranger – A Special Malaysian Soldier[edit]

Unlike in other units of the Malaysian Army, a private-rank soldier in the Rangers battalion is addressed as 'Ranger.' In the Rejimen Gerak Khas, a commando formation, a private is addressed as Trooper as well as in the Royal Armoured Corps. In the Royal Engineers Regiment, a private is known as Sapper, while in the Royal Artillery Regiments a private is addressed as Gunner. For the rest of the Malaysian Army, a private-rank soldier is addressed as Private.

Motto[edit]

The motto of the Ranger Regiment is Agi Idup Agi Ngelaban. A direct translation, word for word from Iban to English is "Still Alive, Still Fight." In spirit the motto means "Fight to the Death." It is conjectured that the motto was derived from Brooke family's Latin motto, Dum Spiro Spero which means "While I Breathe, I Hope." In this light, Agi Idup Agi Ngelaban could mean "While I Breathe, I fight." Dum Spiro Spero was the state motto for the Kingdom of Sarawak. In the other, according to the Journal of 1st Ranger Regiment, the motto Agi Idup Agi Ngelaban was derived from "Whilst There Is Life, There Is Fight", also noted as Brooke's family motto.

Others attributed the motto to that of Panglima Rentap, the legendary Malaysian Freedom Frighter. Rentap's battle cry was "Agi Idup, Agi Ngelaban!" which means "I will fight (the British Colonialist) as long as I will live".[5] The Royal Ranger Regiment is the only corps of the Malaysian Armed Forces using this motto in the Iban language.

Sarawak Dayak, Pribumi Influence & Achievement[edit]

As an infantry regiment whose recruits are drawn from every race and pribumi (native) group of Malaysia, Rejimen Renjer Malaysia is rich with cultural heritage. The "Ngajat", the Iban Warrior Dance of the Sarawak Dayak community is now part of the regimental drill used to welcome visiting dignitaries. The adoption of this warrior dance as part of the regimental culture is due to the fact that this reincarnated unit of the Sarawak Rangers was once almost exclusively filled in the ranks by Iban soldiers.

Col.(R) Dunstan Nyaring Angking of 1 Renjer was the first native Iban officer to attain the rank of full colonel in the Malaysian army. He served with 1 Renjer during the Indonesian confrontation and was the ensign that received on behalf of his battalion, the battalion's Battle Truncheon. The Battle Truncheon was presented by the Governor of Sarawak, Tun Abang Haji Openg Bin Abang Sapi'ee on 19 November 1966 in Lundu, First Division, Sarawak. In his address to the battalion, he had this to say amongst other things:[6]

"This TRUNCHEON which is presented to you is an emblem from the State Government. It is also a mark of appreciation of the Government and the people of Sarawak for your services to the country and for the worthy upholding of the best tradition of our people. This a great honour earned through your conduct, bearing and bravery in battle every-where you are called upon to serve".

Currently, Brigadier General Datuk Stephen Mundaw from Pakit, Sri Aman, Sarawak is the only known highest native Iban officer serving the Malaysian Army as a Brigadier General. On 1 November 2010, he became the first native Iban officer to be appointed as Brigadier General.[7] Apart from that, another known Dayak officer is Lt. Col. Jimbai Bunsu PBK, currently a 2nd I/C of the 1st Bn/511th Regiment TA based in Kuching.

The other well known native Iban officers are Lt. Col.(R) Robert Rizal Abdullah @ Robert Madang PGB PBK from Lachau, Sri Aman and Lt. Col.(R) James Tomlow ak Isa and Lt. Col.(R) Linus Lunsong, who later became first Iban to command 22nd Malaysian Special Forces.

A known Malay officer from Sarawak to have commanded the Ranger regiment as Commanding Officer, was Lt. Col (R) Abang Hamdan Bin Abang Hadari. Another Sarawakian Malay officer, Capt.(R) Ahmad Johan, later became well known businessman and now known as Tan Sri Ahmad Johan.

Battalions of The Royal Malaysian Rangers[edit]

1st Rangers[edit]

Following the terms of the Defence Agreement, Britain had agreed to raise, train and maintain one infantry Battalion, each from Sabah and Sarawak. HQ Malaya Command Ranger Group was formed and headed by Colonel I.G. Wellstead to coordinate and implement this clause of the agreement.

The First Battalion Malaysian Rangers, was formed on 16 September 1963 at Baird Camp, Ulu Tiram, Johore – the same camp occupied by the Sarawak Rangers. Lt. Col E. Gopsill OBE, DSO, MC of the 7th Gurkha Rifles was appointed the Commanding Officer.

The Sarawak Rangers disbanded on 15 September 1963 and was absorbed – approximately 100 strong – into the new battalion. Amongst them was Lt. James Tomlow ak Isa who was originally granted a Governor's Commission in the Sarawak Rangers was subsequently granted the Regular Commission by the Agong.

In October 1963, the nucleus of the Battalion moved out of Baird Camp to Kandy Lines, Trg Depot BDE of Gurkhas at Sungai Petani to prepare and conduct recruit training and continuity training for the new intakes. The recruits went through about four months of basic individual training followed by another two months continuity training.

Initially, this British Colonial battalion was almost exclusively composed of Sea Dayak (Iban) soldiers[ [5] ]Sarawak Rangers]and a small number of Malay and Indian officers. On the formation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963, the Sarawak Rangers was disbanded and absorbed into the Malaysian Armed Forces. The 1st Battalion is the premier battalion and remains the icon of the Ranger Corps. Prior to the formation of Malaysia in 1963, the Sarawak Rangers gained their fearsome reputation during the Malayan Emergency. Concurrently, during the post-colonial reconstruction era, the 1st Battalion fought on extensively against the Communist Party of Malaya (CPM), Clandestine Communist Organization (CCO) the military arm of the Sarawak United People's Party (SUPP[8]) and its affiliate the Pasukan Rakyat Kalimantan Utara (PARAKU, the armed wing of the North Kalimantan People's Army[9]) and the Tentera Nasional Indonesia (TNI). Accounts from captured Communist Terrorists (CTs) in the '60s and '70s suggest that other than the (British Royal Marines) commandos, the CPM feared the deployment of the 1st Battalion in the immediate vicinity. The Rangers also saw action at the Malaysian-Thai border[10][11]

The 1st Battalion remains an active unit of the Malaysian armed forces, although rather inexplicably, the recruitment of Iban stock has been gradually declined significantly over the last 20 years. Consequently, it's racial composition is about the same as other Malaysian infantry battalions.

It is worth noting that in the 1950s and 1960s, the British SAS were taught jungle tracking by Iban soldiers. The Ibans from the jungles of Borneo are particularly suited to jungle warfare, serving as jungle trackers for many Commonwealth battalions.[12][13] Surviving and living off the land are just daily routines to these jungle soldiers. During the Malayan Emergency, Iban trackers from the previous Malayan Scouts were attached to and served in several SAS units.

This battalion is currently based in Camp Ulu Tiram, Johor Bahru, Johor.

2nd Rangers[edit]

The motto of this battalion is in Kadazan language: 'Osiou Oh Kamanang.', which means 'Who dares, Wins'. This battalion is currently based in Syed Putra Camp, Ipoh, Perak. Syed Putra Camp was previously known as Sulva Lines Camp, and has been always regarded as 'Home of the Rangers'.

3rd Rangers[edit]

The motto of this Battalion is 'Biar Putih Tulang'. This Battalion also known as 'The Red Hackles Warrior'. The 3rd Rangers was raised at the Suvla Line Camp, Ipoh, Perak on 1 Jul 1965 with the combination of the personnel from Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak (3 different area/region). This battalion is currently stationed at the Oya Camp, Sibu, Sarawak. 928133 Staff Sergeant Muit bin Ahmad, once a member of this battalion, was awarded the 'Pingat Gagah Berani” for successful actions against communist guerrillas. Lt. Col.(Rtd) Robert Rizal Abdullah won his PGB when he served in this battalion. The special event of the battalion is war dance, Battalion dagger/bayonet and companies pennants which is visualize the spirit of Ranger Corps in the unique way.

4th Rangers[edit]

This battalion is currently based in Oran Camp, Kangar, Perlis. This battalion received its Regimental Colours on 25 October 1980. Captain Mohana Chandran a/l Velayuthan (200402), an officer of this Regiment was KIA during search-and-destroy operation in the Kinta Forest Reserve in Perak, Malaysia.[14] He was posthumously awarded the Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa (SP).[15]

5th Rangers[edit]

This battalion is currently based at Camp Desa Pahlawan, Kota Bharu, Kelantan.

6th Rangers[edit]

This battalion is currently based at Wardieburn Camp, Setapak, Kuala Lumpur.

7th Rangers ( Mechanized)[edit]

7th Renjer was formed on 10 May 1970, at Quetta Camp in Kluang, Johor with an initial batch of 202 recruits formed into 2 rifle companies. The compilement was completed with the transfer of rifle companies from each of the 8th Malay, 2nd Renjer, 3rd Renjer and 4th Renjer regiments. With the transfer of these companies, 7th Renjer achieved full regimental strength. It is the only regiment converted to 'Mechanised Battalion'. This Regiment was badly bloodied in a communist guerrilla ambush on 26 March 1972 along the Biawak / Lundu road, Sarawak.[16] In a follow-up operation they avenged their fallen comrades and extracted heavy retributions from the communist guerrillas responsible for the ambush. This battalion is currently based at Batu Lima Camp, Mentakab, Pahang. This battalion has successfully engaged the communist guerrillas in several search and destroy operations.[17]

8th Rangers (Para)[edit]

8th Rangers was formed on 1 March 1973, 3 years after the formation of 7th Rangers. 8th Rangers was raised as the first parachute infantry battalion in the Malaysian Army, and achieved operational status on 1 July 1990 as a component of the elite 10 Paratroop Brigade (Malaysia).

8th Rangers gained fame during the communist Insurgency in the 1970s and 1980s. 8th Rangers engaged in several search and destroy missions against Communist Terrorists in Sarawak. From 1977, the battalion was particularly successful against Communist Terrorists in search and destroy missions in the Hulu Perak, Kinta and Kuala Kangsar regions in Perak.

Several members of the battalion were awarded the nation's highest gallantry award, the Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa (SP) and the Panglima Gagah Berani (PGB) medals. Pegawai Waran II (2nd Warrant Officer) Kanang anak Langkau remains to this day the only recipient of both the Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa and the Panglima Gagah Berani medals. Sargeants Michael Riman anak Bugat and Beliang anak Bali were both awarded the Panglima Gagah Berani medal.

This battalion is currently based at Camp Terendak, Melaka, also known as 'Home of the Paras' equivalent to US Fort Bragg's, the home of 82nd Airborne Div, Fort Bragg,North Carolina.

9th Rangers[edit]

The 9th Battalion of the Ranger Regiment originated from the 14th Malaysian Territorial Army Battalion, which was formed on 1 April 1971 in Tawau, Sabah. The members of this battalion were locals who were members of the Local Defence Force. The unit was raised at the request of the Sabah State Government who insisted that the unit must be exclusively Sabahans. The Malaysian Army gladly complied with this opportunity by converting the 14th Territorial Battalion into a regular unit in the form of 9th Rangers on 1 March 1979, at the Batu Uban Camp in Penang. The motto of this new Ranger battalion is “Sian Bani Manang”, which in the Bajau language means “Who Dares Wins".[18]

This battalion is currently based in Taiping, Perak; and on 28 September 2013, the Golden Jubilee of the Royal Ranger Regiment, the battalion was officially presented with their own color.

10th Rangers[edit]

The 10th Battalion was officially formed on New Year's Day 1980, however the battalion nucleus was only formed on 1 April 1980 at Wade Wing, KEMENTAH (Malay for MINDEF;Ministry of Defense). Upon the formation, it was based twice at Sarawak and once at Peninsula,and their bases are:

  • Camp Tasik Emas,Bau (April 1980 – October 1991)
  • Syed Putra Camp,Ipoh (Formerly known Sulva Lines Camp;January 1988 – October 1991)
  • Camp Oya,Sibu (November 1991 – July 1995)
  • Muara Tuang Camp,Kuching (Present)

In 1995, the 10th Rangers was dissolved alongside with the 11th Rangers due to the restructuring of the Armed Forces by year 2000. However, in 2008, the 10th Rangers was reinstated and re-stationed at Sarawak. Currently, it is based at Muara Tuang Camp Complex, Kota Samarahan; its Commanding Officer is Lt.Colonel Jamaluddin Bin Yaacob; and PW 1 Michal anak Tulih is Regimental Sergeant Major. Previously, it was based at Ria Camp, Kuching, shortly after the reinstatement of the 10th Rangers.

Rangers in Combat[edit]

6th Rangers-Ambush at Klian Intan

On 27 August 1970, in a successful ambush of communist terrorists near Tanah Hitam, Klian Intan in Perak, 5 Communist Terrorists (CTs) including a branch committee member were killed, and several weapons were captured by members of 6 Bn Ranger Regiment. Mejar Ismail bin Salleh, commading officer of Charlie Company and Leftenan Muda David Fu Chee Ming who was the platoon commander of 8 Platoon were awarded the Panglima Gagah Berani on 2 June 1971.

Based on information gathered by the Special Branch, that 60 Communist terrorists would be infiltrating Tanah Hitam moving on to Grik, Charlie Company with a complement of 3 officers and 94 other ranks were tasked to lay an ambush along the infiltration route. Charlie Company was split into 3 groups, with Company Hq and 9 Platoon forming the centre blocking force, 7 Platoon to the right and 8 Platoon to the left. The groups were given 2 days to prepare their ambush positions and lay booby traps and Claymore mines.

On 20 August, 1 Section consisting of 8 personnel heard the rustling of branches and bamboo being snapped by footfalls. 1 section immediately stood to in their bunkers. Renjer Abu bin Mat saw an armed CT on the trail, 35 meters from their bunker, a lead scout of a larger group. Renjer Abu bin Mat and Renjer Abu Samah Hj. Ibrahim who were manning the Section’s support GPMG, along with Lans Koperal Abdullah bin Nawi held their fire and continued their wait. Moments later, another CT appeared on the trail, and joined by another 2 CTs.

At 3:45 pm, Lans Koperal Abdullah detonated his Claymore mine while the GPMG crew opened fire, joined by the LMG manned by Lans Koperal Karim bin Sidek manning the left bunker. At 4:20 pm, the CTs ceased fire, even though movement could still be heard in the trail. 1 Section opened fire to suppress the CT’s movements. With nightfall, the CTs made an attempt to retrieve their fallen comrades. Mejar Ismail called for close in artillery support on the trail, walking the artillery rounds close to 1 Section’s position. The CTs withdrew before morning, leaving behind their dead. Searches the following morning revealed 5 dead CTs.

Other accounts of rangers in combat are as follows:

* Operation Ngayau[19]

* Contact with 10th Regiment CPM[20]

* Ambush on the road Gubir / Nong Gajah[21]

* Bagging 5 CT's at the Korbu Forest Reserve in Perak[22]

* Operations Selamat Sawadee 1[23]

* Operation Jelaku, Sadong, Sarawak[24]

* Firefight at Sebatu Road, Bau, Sarawak[25]

* Attack On Enemy Camp[26]

* Assault At Muara Tebas[27]

* An Ambush in Sungei Katibas[28]

* Operation Indera[29]

* Operation Indera IV[30]

* Ngelaban (Fighting in Iban ) Platoon in Combat[31]

* A Firefight At Tanjung Kunyit[32]

* Operation Seladang[33]

* Fighting the TNI[34]

* Firefight at Tanah Hitam[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Battle for Miri and Sarawak, Borneo, WW II
  2. ^ Battle of Borneo (1941–42)
  3. ^ http://pgbwarrior.blogspot.com/2009/08/iban-trackers-and-reformed-sarawak.html
  4. ^ British & Commonwealth Units
  5. ^ Sarikei
  6. ^ http://www.scribd.com/doc/23161332/History-1st-Royal-Malaysian-Rangers
  7. ^ "Stephen Mundaw becomes first Iban Brigadier General". The Borneo Post. 2 November 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  8. ^ North Kalimantan Communist Party
  9. ^ Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation
  10. ^ MALAYSIAN RANGERS, OPERATING IN THE MALAYA-THAILAND BORDER REGION, LEAP FROM A RAAF 5 SQUADRON BELL IROQUOIS UH-1H HELICOPTER (A2-385) AS IT TOUCHES DOWN IN A JUNGLE CLEARING. THESE MALAYSIAN RANGERS ARE ETHNIC IBANS, FROM SARAWAK, BORNEO. (PHOTOGRAPHER: W. SMITHER)[1]
  11. ^ Rangers in Southern Thailand
  12. ^ Iban Trackers with 1 Royal Australian Regiment
  13. ^ Iban Scout attached to 10 Platoon, 'D' Company, 1st Battalion Worcestershire Regiment [2]
  14. ^ 901370 Trooper Sigai anak Nawan – Pingat Gagah Berani
  15. ^ Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa
  16. ^ Roll of Honour 7th Rangers ( Mech )
  17. ^ 7th Rangers Search and Destroy Operations
  18. ^ History of the 9th Royal Malaysian Rangers
  19. ^ Operation Ngayau (Iban War Cry)
  20. ^ Operation Hentam Galas
  21. ^ Ambush on the road Gubir / Nong Gajah
  22. ^ Bagging 5 CT's at the Korbu Forest Reserve in Perak
  23. ^ A Dawn, Search & Destroy during Operations Selamat Sawadee 1 at Grid Reference 303817 [3]
  24. ^ Ranger Valour
  25. ^ Firefight at Sebatu Road
  26. ^ 8th Assault Unit Malayan Communist Party
  27. ^ Assault At Muara Tebas – 2LT Baharin Abd Jalil PGB & Rgr Lan ak Gima PGB [4]
  28. ^ Operations Spear Head 111
  29. ^ Operation Indera
  30. ^ Operation Indera IV
  31. ^ Search and destroy operation,Kampong Tembaga area of Lundu,Sarawak
  32. ^ Sergeant Indang ak Engkas,PGB. In a Firefight at Tanjung Kunyit
  33. ^ Lance Corporal Choo Woh Soon PGB
  34. ^ Tentera Nasional Indonesia (TNI)
  35. ^ UCIS 8 Rangers

External links[edit]