Royal Society of Medicine
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The Royal Society of Medicine (RSM) is a British charitable organisation whose main purpose is as a provider of medical education, running over 350 meetings and conferences each year.
The society was originally founded on 22 May 1805 as the Medical and Chirurgical Society of London when leading members of the Medical Society of London split from the society to form a new society that would bring together branches of the medical profession "for the purpose of conversation on professional subjects, for the reception of communications and for the formation of a library". It adopted the current name of Royal Society of Medicine in 1907 when a number of independent societies, including the Epidemiological Society of London founded in 1850, whose members had included John Snow, and the Pathological Society of London merged with the society under a new Royal Charter. The full list  of the 17 specialist societies which merged with the Royal Society of Medicine at that time was:
- Pathological Society of London (founded 1846 - merged 1907),
- Epidemiological Society of London (1850-1907),
- Odontological Society of Great Britain (1856-1907),
- Obstetrical Society of London (1858-1907),
- Clinical Society of London (1867-1907),
- Dermatological Society of London (1882-1907),
- British Gynaecological Society (1884-1907),
- Neurological Society of London (1886-1907),
- British Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Association (1888-1907),
- Laryngological Society of London (1893-1907),
- Society of Anaesthetists (1893-1908),
- Dermatological Society of Great Britain and Ireland (1894-1907),
- British Balneological and Climatology Society (1895-1909),
- Otological Society of the United Kingdom (1899-1907),
- Society for the Study of Diseases in Children (1900-1908),
- British Electrotherapeutic Society (1901-1907),
- Therapeutical Society (1902-1907).
The Society today
The present headquarters of the RSM are in an Edwardian baroque building completed in 1912 by John Belcher at 1 Wimpole Street, London and contain one of the largest postgraduate medical libraries in Europe. The Society publishes an eponymous Journal, the JRSM. For those potentially interested in becoming a doctor and wanting to know what it entails, the society also publishes a comprehensive guide to medical school application, entitled A career in medicine. The society also owns the nearby Chandos House, designed by the 18th century architect Robert Adam, which it runs as a venue facility.
Scientists are elected to the Society following nomination and committee review. It takes members from a wide range of professions including medicine, dentistry, veterinary sciences and allied healthcare specialities. It also welcomes students members of medicine, dentistry and veterinary science to join. An elite group of physicians or scientists are elected annually to fellowship or as Honorary Fellows. Elected fellows correspond to members of the Institute of Medicine in the USA.
The Royal Society of Medicine also work in the field of Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine through their 'catastrophes & conflict forum'. It is designed to raise the awareness and profile of humanitarian aid and to "facilitate and encourage research and publication of humanitarian activities".
- 2014-present Babulal Sethia
- 2012–2014 Professor Sir Michael Rawlins
- 2010–2012 Parveen Kumar
- 2008–2010 Robin C. N. Williamson
- 2006–2008 Ilora Finlay, Baroness Finlay of Llandaff
- 2004–2006 Sir John Lilleyman
- 2002–2004 Sir Barry Jackson
- 2000–2002 Deirdre Hine
- 1998–2000 Lord Soulsby of Swaffham
- 1996–1998 Sir Christopher Paine
- 1994–1996 Sir Donald Harrison
- 1992–1994 Sir George Pinker
- 1990–1992 Sir David Innes Williams
- 1988–1990 Sir Christopher Booth
- 1986–1988 Sir Gordon Robson
- 1984–1986 Lord Walton of Detchant
- 1982–1984 Sir James Watt
- 1980–1982 Sir John Stallworthy
- 1978–1980 Sir Rodney Smith
- 1975–1978 Sir Gordon Wolstenholme
- 1973–1975 Sir John Stallworthy
- 1971–1973 Sir Hedley Atkins
- 1969–1971 Sir John Richardson
- 1967–1969 Sir Hector MacLennan
- 1966–1967 Sir Arthur Porritt (one year only)
- 1964–1966 The Lord Cohen of Birkenhead
- 1962–1964 Sir Terence Cawthorne
- 1960–1962 The Lord Adrian
- 1956–1958 Sir Clifford Price Thomas
- 1954–1956 Sir William Gilliatt
- 1952–1954 Sir Francis Walshe
- 1950–1952 The Lord Webb-Johnson
- 1948–1950 Sir Henry Hallett Dale
- 1946–1948 Sir Maurice Alan Cassidy
- 1944–1946 Sir Gordon Gordon-Taylor
- 1940–1942 Sir Archibald Gray
- 1938–1940 Christopher H. Andrewes
- 1936–1938 Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt
- 1934–1936 Sir Robert Hutchison, Bt
- 1932–1934 Thomas Eden
- 1930–1932 Sir Harry Platt
- 1928–1930 Lord Dawson of Penn
- 1926–1928 Sir James Berry
- 1924–1926 Sir St Clair Thomson
- 1922–1924 Sir William Hale-White
- 1920–1922 Sir John Bland-Sutton
- 1918–1920 Sir Humphry Rolleston
- 1916–1918 Sir Rickman Godlee
- 1914–1916 Frederick Walker Mott
- 1912–1914 Sir Francis Champneys
- 1910–1912 Sir Henry Morris
- 1907–1909 Sir William Selby Church
The origins of the Society's Honorary Fellowship may be traced back to the first meeting in 1805 of the Medical and Chirurgical Society of London, when the following resolution was passed: 'That Gentlemen who have eminently distinguished themselves in Sciences connected with Medicine, but who are not of the Medical Profession, or do not practise therein, be admissible as Honorary Members'. A further resolution elected the following inaugural Honorary Members:
- Sir Joseph Banks Bt KB,
- Sir Charles Blagden,
- Dr Aikin
- Humphry Davy Esq,
- Charles Hatchett Esq,
- Edward Charles Howard Esq,
- Smithson Tennant Esq,
- Dr Wollaston[disambiguation needed]
Later Honorary Follows have included:
- Charles Daubeny
- Thomas Huxley
- Richard Owen
- Charles Darwin
- Louis Pasteur
- Sir William Jenner
- Samuel Wilks
- Sigmund Freud
- Sir MacFarlane Burnet: Nobel Prize Winner for Medicine & Physiology
- Sir Richard Doll: Globally recognised authority on smoking and cancer
- Sir Donald Acheson: CMO and spearhead of UN medical relief envoy in Sarajevo
- Prof Jerry Morris: Expert on exercise and cardio-vascular disease
- Sir George Godber: CMO and leading light in health planning & education
- Sir Kenneth Calman: CMO and fundamental restructuring of medical education
- Michael Shepherd CBE – eminent psychiatrist and driving force behind the increased role played by NHS general practitioner in the treatment of patients with psychiatric illness.
The Society’s Gold Medal was established in 1920 and is awarded triennially by the Council of the Society to ‘Scientists who have made valuable contributions towards the progress of the Art and Science of Medicine, Preventative Medicine or Surgery, whether by their original discoveries or by the practical application of the results of previous investigations of other scientists’. It has been presented to a number of eminent recipients including:
- 1920 Almroth Wright 
- 1932 Sir Thomas Barlow, 1st Baronet 
- 1935 Sir Archibald Garrod
- 1938 Wilfred Batten Trotter 
- 1941 Sir Henry Hallett Dale 
- 1945 Lionel Whitby, for his work on wound shock and blood transfusions
- 1947 Howard Florey, for developing the production of Penicillin 
- 1950 Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian 
- 1959 Robert A. Young 
- 1965 Sir Hans Adolf Krebs 
- 1968 Wilder Penfield
- 1971 Henry Cohen, 1st Baron Cohen of Birkenhead
- 1983 Frederick Sanger
- 1989 Sir James Black
- 1992 George Porter
- 1997 Sir Richard Doll 
- 2000 Salvador Moncada
- 2009 Sir Martin Evans
- 2014 John Walton, Baron Walton of Detchant 
Edward Jenner Medal
The award was founded in 1896 by the Epidemiological Society of London (1850–1907) to commemorate the centenary of Edward Jenner’s discovery of a means of smallpox vaccination. It is awarded periodically to individuals who have undertaken distinguished work in epidemiological research.
The medal was designed in Bronze by Allan Wyon. It features Jenner’s face on one aspect and the symbol of the Epidemiological Society, the Earth, on the reverse. The medal was re-cast following the evolution of the Society into the Section of Epidemiology at the RSM in 1907. Photographs of the medal may be found in The History of the Royal Society of Medicine published in 2001.
It was first awarded to Sir William Henry Power who was the then Medical Officer for London and had formulated the theory of aerial conveyance of smallpox and chaired the Royal Commission on Tuberculosis.
- William Henry Power (1st-1896)
- Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (2nd-1902)
- Patrick Manson (3rd-1912):
- Sidney Monckton Copeman (?th-1925 or 1935)
- Thomas Henry Craig Stevenson (? uncertain, before 1933, see ref)
- Arthur Newsholme (?th-1938)
- AT Glenny (?th-1953): for contributions to diphtheria immunisation
- Leonard Colebrook (?th-1962)
- Alexander D Langmuir (17th-1979)
- Richard Doll (?th-1981): for outstanding studies on the epidemiology of cancer
- Karel Raška (19th-1984): for work towards worldwide eradication of smallpox
- N Spence Galbraith (21st-before 1991)
- Donald Acheson (?th-1993): for the advancement of public health
- Donald Henderson (?th-1996): for work towards worldwide eradication of smallpox
- Rosemary Rue (?th-2001): first woman president of the Faculty of Community Medicine (now the Faculty of Public Health) and pioneer of women in medicine
The The Ellison-Cliffe Medal is presented annually by the Society. The award, which commenced in 1987, is named after Dr. Percy Cliffe and his wife, Dr. Carice Ellison, who endowed the medal and the concomitant lecture which is given by the recipient to the society on a subject connected with the contribution of fundamental science to the advancement of medicine.
The Royal Society of Medicine Press is the publishing arm of the RSM. Growing rapidly in recent years it is now recognised as one of the leading medical society publishers. RSM Press publishes books, journals and online resources for health professionals in training and in practice.
- 1809 – 1907: Medico-Chirurgical Transactions (Med. Chir. Trans)
- 1908 – 1977: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine
- Archive versions of the above two journals are available at PubMed Central. See external links section below.
- 1978–present: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
- The journal’s open access allows for all research articles and the editor’s column from each issue to be made available online for free, via PubMed Central. All articles are made free to access three years after publication. See external links section below.
Rebranding and One Wimpole Street
The Royal Society of Medicine's headquarters located at 1 Wimpole Street, has long hosted the society's medical training program, but in 2008 the space was rebranded to "One Wimpole Street, the Home of the Royal Society of Medicine". With the aim of attracting new non-medical business to the venue, it has now become a popular choice for event organisers in London.
- Penelope Hunting The History of the Royal Society of Medicine, pp. 171–172. Rsmpress.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-12. ISBN 978-1-85315-497-3
- "Archive Summary". Royal Society of Medicine. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
- "Catastrophes and Conflict Medicine". Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- "Royal Society of Medicine appoints new President" Royal Society of Medicine Media Releases
- K Newton, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, Volume 84, April 1991, page 245
- It is not certain whether 'Aikin' is Charles Rochemont Aikin, Arthur Aikin, or John Aikin, author of 'Biographical memoirs of medicine in Great Britain'.
- "Who Was Who". Oxford Index. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
- "ROYAL SOCIETY OF MEDICINE - ANNUAL DINNER: AWARD OF GOLD MEDAL". NCBI. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- "Biographical entry Trotter, Wilfred Batten Lewis (1872 - 1939)". Royal College of Sugeons. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Announcements". Nature. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- Moore, George. The Creators.
- Yount, Lisa. A to Z of Biologists. p. 2.
- "Robert Arthur (Sir) Young". Royal College of Physicians. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Sir Hans Adolf Krebs". encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
- "Sir Richard Doll CH OBE". Royal Sciety. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Gold Medal for Lord Walton of Detchant". Newcastle University. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- History of the section of Epidemiology & Public Health
- Alphonse Laveran, M. D. 1845–1922,
- "Presentation of the Jenner Medal". Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 5 (Sect Epidemiol State Med): 149. 1912. PMC 2005375. PMID 19976307.
- AIM25 text-only browsing: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine: MANSON, Sir Patrick (1844–1922). Aim25.ac.uk. Retrieved on 2011-06-12.
- "Presentation of Jenner Medal". Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 55 (10): 850. 1962. PMC 1896896. PMID 19994185.
- M.G. Obituary. Thomas Henry Craig Stevenson. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Vol. 96, No. 1 (1933), pp. 151–156
- "Announcements". Nature 142 (3589): 287. 1938. doi:10.1038/142287b0.
- "News from the field". American Journal of Public Health 28 (10): 1260. October 1938. doi:10.2105/AJPH.28.10.1260.
- Dunn PM (May 2008). "Dr Leonard Colebrook, FRS (1883–1967) and the chemotherapeutic conquest of puerperal infection". Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed. 93 (3): F246–8. doi:10.1136/adc.2006.104448. PMID 18426926.
- "Association News". International Journal of Epidemiology 8 (3): 293. 1979. doi:10.1093/ije/8.3.293.
- Oakley CL (1971). "Leonard Colebrook. 1883–1967". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 17: 91–138. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1971.0004. PMID 11615432.
- Editorial Board (2007). "20th Death-day of a Prominent Czech Epidemiologist Karel Raška, MD, DrSc". Cent Eur J Public Health 15 (3): 127.
- [dead link]
- Galbraith, N. S. (1991). "Quarterly Communicable Disease Review January to March 1991: From the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre". Journal of Public Health 13 (3): 219.
- One Wimpole Street, UK.
- The Medical Society of London
- RSM website
- RSM Journals
- JRSM website
- RSM journal archives back to 1809 at PubMed Central