Joint Special Operations Command (Jordan)

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Joint Special Operations Command
العمليات الخاصة المشتركة الاردنية
Jordan JSOC Insignia.jpg
Emblem of the Joint Special Operation Forces
Active 1963 – present
Country Jordan
Branch Jordanian Armed Forces
Type Special operation
Role Provide fully capable special operations forces to defend the Kingdom
Size 14,000[1]
Garrison/HQ Amman, Zarqa
Nickname JSOC, Al-Khassa , Al Saiqa, Red Berets
Commanders
Current
commander
Brigadier General Mostafa alnawasrah

The Special Operation Forces of the Jordanian Armed Forces were founded on April 15, 1963 on the orders of the late King Hussein. In the early 1970s, Jordan's Special Forces were developed and assigned the tasks of reconnaissance, counter-terrorism, search and evacuation, combat, and the protection of key sites.

The Special Forces have also been charged with precision missions including the targeting of military convoys and the cutting off of enemy supply lines and communications. Members are equipped and trained to be able to operate behind enemy lines for long periods without any logistical support.


JSOC Development[edit]

Since their establishment in 1963, the Jordanian special operations forces were meant to be flexible and dynamic, in order to successfully face the ever-changing threats to Jordan national security. Their organizational structure has evolved significantly over the past half-century, as internal and external threats changed.

Jordanian special operations forces evolved from a multi-task company-size parachute unit in the early 1960s to brigade-size in the early 1980s, with more specialized units, including a parachute unit, special forces unit and a small counter-terrorism unit.

With the beginning of this century and the emergence of new threats to national security, Jordan established paramilitary troops—the Gendarmerie. The new military force was, and remains, tasked with countering homeland security threats, thus allowing the Special Operations Forces to focus on homeland defense threats.Therefore, the concept changed accordingly, from special operations to joint special operations.

The new organization of the Royal Joint Special Operations consists mainly of three main brigades with all standard support and service units that facilitate operations and training.

  • The Special Forces Brigade consists of a special forces group, a counter-terrorism battalion and a combat search-and-rescue battalion. This brigade is mainly equipped and trained to successfully fight unconventional threats, with a good capability to also face conventional ones.
  • The Rangers Brigade is more geared towards fighting conventional threats, with good capabilities to support internal security operations.
  • The Special Operations Aviation Brigade provides the joint task forces with mobility, timely response capabilities and insertion platforms, especially for the counter-terrorism teams.

Jordanian Joint Special Operations Tasks[edit]

Jordanian 71st Counter terrorist Battalion
Jordanian 71st CTB with the G36C

Tactical Tasks:

  • Occupying airborne bridge-head to assist ground forces.
  • Conducting raids on enemy HQs, artillery sites, missile sites, roads and any other significant key targets.
  • Airborne and air assault operations.
  • Armor hunting.
  • Strategic reconnaissance missions.
  • Organizing, training and developing guerrilla forces.
  • Operating behind enemy lines.
  • Assaulting captive cells and freeing POWs.
  • Urban area operations.
  • Readiness to assist any Arab brethren countries upon request.
  • Search and rescue operation.

Security Tasks:

  • Counter terrorism operations.
  • Counter infiltration and smuggling.
  • Internal security operations.

Training Tasks :

  • Provide rangers and paratrooper training to JAF units.
  • Provide officers and NCO's from Arab countries with special operations and ranger courses.
  • Train public security and customs department officers.
  • Participate in training courses held in Arab countries.

Strategic Tasks:

  • Participate in UN missions.
  • Assist in training friendly forces.
  • Evacuation operations in time of disasters.

Joint Special Operations Command Structure[edit]

Jordanian Special Operators
Jordanian SF driving Al-Thalab LRPV in Desert
Jordanian UH-60L from 30th Special Operations Sqn.
  • Command HQ
  • C3I Group
  • SF-Brigade-small.png 37th King Abdullah II Royal Special Forces Brigade
    • Brigade HQ
    • Signal Company
    • 71st Counter-terrorist Battalion (CTB-71)
    • 81st Special Airborne Battalion (SAB-81)
    • 101st Special Forces Group (SFG-101)
    • Medical Company
    • Brigade Workshop
  • 28th Prince Hussein Bin Abdulah II Royal Rangers Brigade
    • Brigade HQ
    • Signal Company
    • 61st Royal Ranger Battalion (CSAR-61)
    • 91st Airborne Ranger Battalion (ARB-91)
    • 111th Royal Ranger Battalion (RRB-111)
    • Strategic Reconnaissance Company
    • Anti-Tank Company
    • Medical Company
    • Brigade Workshop
  • PHAB 5.jpg 5th Prince Hashim Bin Abdulah II Aviation Brigade
    • Brigade HQ
    • 28th Aviation Squadron ( MD-530F )
    • 30th Aviation Squadron ( UH-60L/M )
    • 32nd Fixed Wing Squadron ( ATK CN-235, C-295M )
    • 51st Airborne Operation Unit
    • Aviation Maintenance Wing
    • Aviation Support Wing
  • 61st Special Reconnaissance Regiment (SRR-61)[2]
  • Civil & Military Affairs Company (CIMIC)
    • CIMIC contains PSYOPS Unit
  • Medical Support Group
  • Maintenance Group
  • Special AD Company
  • Special Supply Company
  • Chemical Support Unit

In addition to the mentioned brigades and battalions, there are Similar Units to the Special Operations Command like the Special Gendarmerie's Unit 14 (SWAT unit) & Special Police's Unit 30 (SWAT unit) .

With the need for surrounding countries to develop modern forces, Jordan has become a centre of experience and specialized training for special forces. Jordan has trained to meet the needs of Arab and non-Arab countries. As an established regional centre for special forces training, Jordan has trained forces from Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Yemen.

KASOTC[edit]

The King Abdullah II Special Operations Training Center (KASOTC) is indeed a one-of-a-kind facility in the region. It was conceived to be a training hub for elite forces, law enforcement and counter-terrorism operators not only in the region, but worldwide. KASOTC offers trainees a unique opportunity to gain experience and knowledge, and to interact with similar forces from other countries, which will create a pool of highly qualified professionals who can meet the challenges of cross-borders threats.

The center’s instructors come from all over the world and were carefully selected in light of their very strong qualifications and solid experience, which is a tremendous asset to all those who participate in training at KASOTC.

KASOTC derives extraordinary success from this unique combination of elite instructors and advanced technology. When knowledge is combined with experience, a maximizing effect occurs to skills obtained, making the KASOTC experience unique to all other training facilities. It is the only reality-based, live-fire training facility of this kind in the world. Operated as a commercial enterprise, it is uniquely integrated with the Jordanian Armed Forces. This relationship is a bold innovation; providing access to military equipment and support that expands all training horizons.

Located north of Amman, Jordan in an old rock quarry, the twenty-five (25) square kilometer facility is safe, secure and isolated. It is equipped with multiple distance ranges; from a 1300 meter unknown distance range to a 300 meter, moving target range to accommodate most firearm requirements. It has a four story, close quarters battle (CQB), live-fire structure and the largest mock city in existence, 67 buildings, which include numerous arrangements from an Afghan village to an embassy. Special battlefield effects, live fire compatible throughout, with a fiber optic network connecting the Range Operations Control Center (ROC) to the hundreds of cameras, microphones, target systems, and simulators make testing the user's creativity in tactics, techniques and procedures a reality. Together with on-site lodging, dining, gym, pro-shop, weapons/equipment rental and storage; people can easily see why KASOTC is the ideal place to do what in necessary to prepare forces for the challenges of 21st century armed conflict.

Prince Hashem School for Special Operations[edit]

Mission

To train and qualify officers and NCOs from JAF, Arab and Friendly countries on RNG/ARBN and Special Operations.

School History

The school went through the following key phases in terms of organization and development

  • in 1963 The first ranger and airborne course was trained by American training team and Ranger and Airborne training wing was established in infantry school.
  • In 1970 Ranger and Airborne training wing was established in RSF.
  • In 1979 Special forces school was formed and continued to evolve until 1983, where four were formed.
  • In 1983 Four training wings (ranger, airborne, specialization and field) were established.
  • In 1995 The organization was advanced with a new battalions system and free fall center was added.
  • On 1 October 1996 the name has been modified and was called "Joint Special Operations School."
  • On 24/12/2001 special operations school was renamed Prince Hashem bin Al Hussein School for Special Operations.

School Goals and Duties

  1. The preparation and training of special operations officers on Common functions.
  2. The preparation and training of joint special operations commissioned officers.
  3. The preparation and training of juvenile soldiers basic training and specialist training.
  4. The preparation and training of members of the armed forces through special training.
  5. Training of Public security, civil defense, customs and General Intelligence personnel.
  6. Training members of friendly States on rangers and paratroopers and other special forces works.
  7. The training of graduates of University officers (field) in addition to the pupils and candidates from Mutah University on rangers and paratroopers.
  8. Participate in the testing of new weapons and gear mechanisms and sufficiency of Joint special operations duties.
  9. Conduct annual tests for units and formations Joint special operations and the armed forces.

School Courses

  1. Platoon Commander’s Basic Tactics Course
  2. English Language Training Course For Officers/NCO
  3. Ranger Course
  4. Ranger and Airborne Instruction Course
  5. Airborne Course
  6. Air Assault Course
  7. Fighting In Built Up Areas and Internal Security
  8. Hand To Hand Fighting (Sejal)
  9. Marksmanship and Range Management Course
  10. Special Operations Selection Course (officers and other ranks)
  11. Section and Group Commanders
  12. Packing And Parachute Maintenance
  13. Free Fall Course
  14. Jump Masters Course
  15. Pathfinders Course
  16. Airborne Infiltration Course
  17. Strategic Reconnaissance Course

SOF Recruiting[edit]

Enrollment in the Jordan armed forces is on a voluntary basis, and this is obviously also true for the special operations. The first requirement for those willing to join the special operations is that they should successfully pass physical and mental fitness tests.

From a psychological point of view, applicants are evaluated by a military psychologist in order to assess their personal and leadership traits. Then, applicants undergo a medical screening and an initial PT test. Those who make it through this preliminary selection phase are admitted to an endurance camp (boot camp) for a month of extensive training. The camp is designed to test trainees’ ability to work under physical and mental stress.

Upon completing the camp, recruits take ranger and parachute courses. After this second phase, they are sent to specialized courses to complete their military professional training.

Training Courses[edit]

Training Courses Obtained By Special Operations Operator
Course Period
Basic Ranger Course 10 weeks Basic Ranger Course is the basic course obtained by all Special Operations personnel, Focus on fitness and high individual skills and the ability to endure different difficulties and different areas of training.
Parachute Course 4 weeks The Parachute Course is the 2nd basic course held after the Basic Ranger Course for all Special Operations personnel. Aimed at strengthening the self-confidence of special operations soldiers and parachute jumping skills.
Jump Master Course 2 weeks Is one of the most important specialist courses for the air operations unit to sustain operations of Parachuting, air supply and how to deal with air force.
Parachute Fold & Maintenance Course 6 weeks This Course is one of the most important courses in order to qualify special air operations unit on how to maintain and fold parachute to reach the maximum degree of possible security.
Load and Air Transport Course 3 weeks This course is held to train specialists in preparation and processing load transport planes and helicopters (either individuals or vehicles and equipment) and transport company/battalion/Brigade size, so that the distribution of responsibilities for the completion of the work required
Free Jump Course 6 weeks Free Jump course is one of the most important professional class course to train Parachute Free Jumping (Tactical/Training), each trainee performs an average of 25 Free Jump except the training jumps.
Parachute Landing (Pathfinder) Course 3 weeks This course is training to familiarize participants on how to deal with winged or vertical aircraft and how to provide guidance and Air control and how to set up and operate drop zones, pickup zones, and helicopter landing sites for airborne operations, air resupply operations, or other air operations in support of the ground unit commander.
Navigation Course 4 weeks Training of officers and NCO to read a map and aerial photos, navigation, installation and training to use encrypted maps as well as training on the use of the GPS device and other special devices.
Urban Warfare & Internal Security Course 8 weeks Preparation and rehabilitation officers and NCO and other ranks on the methods, skills, planning and execution processes of defence and attack on Urban areas. As well as training in the planning and execution of processes that contribute to regain control and stability Of Homeland Security and how to establish and create security rules and work out.
Special Forces Course 13 weeks Preparation and rehabilitation officers and NCO of special forces operations in conditions of conventional and non-conventional war. This course is one of the most important professional class.
Tae-kwon-do Course 24 weeks Training of officers and NCO to free martial arts and self-defense skills and styles used in this session to develop physical abilities of participants and hone their testicle to be helpful to them in the implementation of the obligations and duties of self-defence And the situations that require the imposition of a certain reality without the use of arms. As well as representation of armed forces in Taekwon-do game.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Course 24 weeks Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a martial art, combat sport, and a self-defense system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting and using the combat punch, kick by elbow, knee, head, hand and fingers in addition to clashes that rely on break or bend the joints of the body and ground fighting techniques and submission holds involving joint-locks and choke-holds.
Basic Skills Course 6 weeks Training of officers and NCO in special operations to use the terrain better use and how to utilize camouflage, fire and movement techniques and development of individual and physical abilities and some special operations.

This is one of the Basic courses for the special operations personnel

Sijal & control stick Course 8 weeks The Sijal is a Jordanian self-defense style similar to Krav Maga. The preparation and training of officers and NCO in identifying weak points in the human body or to exploit them for protection as well as training and martial arts and self-defence using body parts only or using other tools and equipment such as: (Normal and regular police stick and bayonet, knives and other edged weapons)
Air Insertion Course 4 weeks Rehabilitation officers and NCO in special operations to execute rapid intrusions of hostile targets using winged aircraft or helicopters to transport the troops to the nearest point of the goal as quickly as possible to execute the duty and pick up after execution of the operation and the protection and attribution of helicopter gunships.
Explosives & Adverse actions Course 3 weeks Training of officers and NCO on how to handle explosives and various explosive extras and how to prepare fillings and booby-traps and packages and adverse actions, and also training on how to deal with Blind bombs.

Equipment[edit]

Small Arms[edit]

Support Weapons[edit]

Optical and Electronics Equipment[edit]

Transport[edit]

Uniforms and insignia[edit]

Uniforms[edit]

Special Operations Forces wear Hyper Stealth KA2 Woodland Digital (Summer, Winter), Red and Maroon berets. Some Special Operations Forces wear Black Pattern such as CTB-71.

Insignia[edit]

Jordan JSOC Emblem.jpg

Jordanian JSOC Insignia

SF-Brigade-small.png

37th King Abdullah II Special Forces Brigade Insignia

PHAB 5.jpg

5th Prince Hashim Royal Aviation Brigade Insignia

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.almc.army.mil/ALU_INTERNAT/CountryNotes/CENTCOM/JORDAN.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.mcmfamily.com/pdfs/SpecialOpsReportJordanTac50.pdf
  3. ^ Shea, Dan (Spring 2009). "SOFEX 2008". Small Arms Defense Journal, p. 29.
  4. ^ Daniel Watters. "The 5.56 X 45mm: 2007". Retrieved 2009-03-25. 
  5. ^ Daniel Watters. "The 5.56 X 45mm: 2008". The Gun Zone. Retrieved 2009-01-27.