Royal Standard of Norway
|Adopted||30 December 1905|
|Design||gules, a lion rampant or, crowned and bearing an axe with blade argent|
|Designed by||Eilif Peterssen|
The Royal Standard of Norway (Kongeflagget) is used by the King of Norway. It was introduced by Cabinet Decision of 15 November 1905, following the plebiscite confirming the election of Prince Carl of Denmark to the vacant throne after the dissolution of the union between Sweden and Norway. Under his chosen name of Haakon VII, the new king arrived in the capital Kristiania on 25 November 1905 on a ship flying the royal standard for the first time. That first royal standard was charged with a lion designed by the Danish expert on heraldry Anders Thiset, complying with the blazon decided by the Cabinet. It differed from the definitive version of the royal standard, which was charged with the lion designed by the painter Eilif Peterssen and approved by Royal resolution on 30 December 1905.
The flag is the banner of the Coat of Arms of Norway. It is based on the 1905 version of the coat of Arms, at least 750 years old. The present design of the coat of arms for government use was changed in 1937 to fit a medieval style, but the king has kept the 1905 design by Peterssen for the royal arms and standard.
The flag was referred to as the "ancient royal standard" of Norway when it was introduced. It is the earliest known flag of Norway, originally only a flag for the king, as it is today. During the early period of the union with Denmark, it was occasionally flown from castles and naval vessels until it was gradually phased out during the 17th and 18th centuries. Its earliest certain depiction is on the seal of Duchess Ingebjørg in 1318. In 1748 a decree stated that the Dannebrog should be the only legal merchant flag for ships of the united kingdoms of Denmark-Norway.
The flag of the King is also used by the Queen.
Between 1844 and 1905, the kings of Norway used a royal standard on the same pattern as Denmark and Sweden. It was a war flag with the union mark in the canton and the royal union arms in the centre of the cross.
The Standard of the Crown Prince
|Adopted||26 December 1924|
|Design||gules, a lion rampant or, crowned and bearing an axe with blade argent. Swallowtailed field.|
|Designed by||Eilif Peterssen|
The flag of the Crown Prince (Kronprinsflagget) is similar to the royal standard, except that the field is swallowtailed. It was introduced by Royal Resolution of 26 December 1924.
The Crown Prince's flag is also used by the Crown Princess.
There are no flags for the rest of the royal family.
- Website of the Royal House of Norway, http://www.kongehuset.no/artikkel.html?tid=74742&sek=26980
- Flags of the World
- Royal standards in NRK website
- Royal standards in encyclopedia Skikk og bruk
- The Royal Standard flown from the Royal palace
- National Archive flag history With a picture of the seal of duchess Ingebjørg.
- Hans Cappelen: Norge i 1905: Gammelt riksvåpen og nytt kongevåpen, (Norway in 1905: Old national arms and new royal arms) Heraldisk Tidsskrift, Vol. 10 No. 94, Copenhagen October 2006