Royal Star and Garter Home, Richmond
|The Royal Star and Garter Home|
The Royal Star and Garter Home
|Location||Richmond, London, UK|
|Architect||Sir Edwin Cooper, based on a 1915 plan by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott|
The Royal Star and Garter Home, Richmond on Richmond Hill, in Richmond, London was built between 1921 and 1924 to a design by Sir Edwin Cooper, based on a 1915 plan by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, to provide accommodation and nursing facilities for 180 seriously injured servicemen.
The Royal Star and Garter Homes, the charitable trust running the home, announced in 2011 that it would be selling the building as it did not now meet modern requirements and could not be easily or economically upgraded. The building, which is Grade II listed, was sold in April 2013 to a housing developer, London Square, for £50 million. London Square has since submitted a planning application to undertake the restoration and conversion of the building into apartments.
The trust opened a new home in Solihull, West Midlands, in 2008 and the remaining residents at the Richmond home moved in August 2013 to a new purpose-built building in Langley Avenue, Surbiton in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. The trust intends to open a third home on a site in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire.
During World War I an old hotel on this site, the Star and Garter, which had been a popular place of entertainment in the 18th and 19th centuries but had closed in 1906, was taken over and used as a military hospital, known as the Star and Garter Home for Disabled Sailors and Soldiers.
The site was then donated to Queen Mary (consort of George V) in support of her plans to establish a home for paralysed and permanently disabled soldiers. The hotel banqueting hall and ballroom were temporarily used to house disabled soldiers, but the site was found to be unsuitable for their specialised needs and the hotel buildings were demolished in 1919 and rebuilt as the new Star and Garter Home for Disabled Sailors, Soldiers and Airmen. The new building was dedicated in 1924 as the Women of the Empire's Memorial of the Great War. It was formally opened by George V and Queen Mary on 10 July 1924.
In 1948 residents of the home took part in a forerunner of the Paralympic Games, the first national athletic event for disabled athletes, organised by Dr Ludwig Guttmann.
Famous residents included:
- Frederick Jeremiah Edwards (1894 – 1964), an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, who died at the home on 9 March 1964
- Nancy Wake, who fought with the French Resistance and lived in the home from 2003 until her death in August 2011.
The Star and Garter Home received its royal charter in 1979, adding the prefix "Royal" to its name. Since the opening of the second home at Solihull in 2009 the charity has used a plural form of the name, as "The Royal Star and Garter Homes".
- "Royal Star and Garter Home, Richmond upon Thames". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner (1983). The Buildings of England – London 2: South. London: Penguin Books. p. 521. ISBN 0 14 0710 47 7.
- Paul Teed (18 February 2011). "Royal Star and Garter home in Richmond Hill could be transformed into luxury hotel or student accommodation". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- Amy Dyduch (9 April 2013). "Developer buys Royal Star and Garter for £50m". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- Jon Sharman (29 August 2013). "Residents move into new Royal Star and Garter home in Surbiton". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
- Hana Hausmeister (11 June 2013). "'No all-night parties': Royal Star and Garter reassures residents". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- Amy Dyduch (16 May 2013). "Richmond's final farewell to Royal Star and Garter". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- The Royal Star & Garter Homes. Annual Review 2012/13. p. 1.
- "Royal Star and Garter Home". Lost Hospitals of London. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- Coming of Age of Star and Garter Home, Local News (England and Wales), 190 JA-4. 23, British Medical Journal, 190, 23 January 1937
- "Introduction to records". Royal Star and Garter Home for Disabled Sailors, Sailors and Airmen Archive. The National Archives (UK). 11 December 1998. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- "Archery Day in Richmond". Connections: 7. Spring 2013.
- "Frederick Jeremiah Edwards". Victoria Cross holders buried in the borough. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. 3 August 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- "Nancy Wake". London: The Daily Telegraph. 8 August 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- Maria Anthony (13 August 2011). "World War Two spy and inspiration for film 'Charlotte Gray' dies". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- "Memorial held for WWII legend". Richmond and Twickenham Times. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2013.