Royal Statistical Society
|Legal status||Non-profit company|
|Purpose||Statistics in the UK|
|Headquarters||12 Errol Street, St Luke's, EC1Y 8LX|
|Region served||UK and worldwide|
|Membership||British and worldwide statisticians|
|Executive Director||Hetan Shah|
|Main organ||RSS Council (President: John Pullinger)|
|Affiliations||American Statistical Association|
The society was founded in 1834 as the Statistical Society of London (LSS), though a perhaps unrelated London Statistical Society was in existence at least as early as 1824. At that time there were many provincial statistics societies throughout Britain, but most have not survived. The Manchester Statistical Society (which is older than the LSS) is a notable exception. The associations were formed with the object of gathering information about society. It was many decades before mathematics was regarded as part of the statistical project.
Instrumental in founding the LSS were Richard Jones, Charles Babbage, Adolphe Quetelet, William Whewell, and Thomas Malthus. Among its famous members was Florence Nightingale, who was the society's first female member in 1858. Stella Cunliffe was the first female president. Other notable RSS presidents have included William Beveridge, Ronald Fisher, Harold Wilson, and David Cox (see also the list of presidents of the Royal Statistical Society).
The LSS became the RSS (Royal Statistical Society) by Royal Charter in 1887, and merged with the Institute of Statisticians in 1993. Today the society has 7,200 members around the world, of whom some 1,500 are professionally qualified, with the status of Chartered Statistician (CStat). In January 2009, the RSS received Licensed Body status from the UK Science Council to award Chartered Scientist status. Since February 2009 the society has awarded Chartered Statistician status to suitably qualified members.
Unusually among professional societies, all members of the RSS are known as "Fellows" — fellowship is nowadays not usually used as a post-nominal mark of distinction. However, before the 1993 merger with the Institute of Statisticians, Fellows did often use the post-nominal letters FSS. The merger enabled the society to take on the role of a professional body as well as that of a learned society; use of the unearned FSS qualification was viewed as inappropriate and strongly discouraged, and it became less common.
The society has twenty-two local groups in the UK, together with a variety of topic-related sections and study groups. Each of these sections and groups organizes lectures and seminars on statistical topics.
The society has been particularly engaged with the passage of the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, having long argued for legislation on statistics.
The society publishes the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, which currently consists of three separate series of journals whose contents include papers presented at ordinary meetings of the society, namely Series A (Statistics in Society), Series B (Statistical Methodology) and Series C (Applied Statistics), as well as a general audience magazine called Significance published in conjunction with the American Statistical Association. In September 2013, the society established StatsLife, an online magazine website that features news, interviews and opinion from the world of statistics and data.
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- Statistical Illustrations ... of the British Empire, London Statistical Society, Third Edition, 1827
- Willcox, WF (1934) "Note on the Chronology of Statistical Societies", Journal of the American Statistical Association, 29, 418–420
- Hilts, V. L. (1978). "Aliis Exterendum, or the Origins of the Statistical Society of London". Isis 69 (1): 21–43. doi:10.1086/351931. JSTOR 230606.
- Aldrich, J. (2010) "Mathematics in the London/Royal Statistical Society 1834-1934", Electronic Journ@l for History of Probability and Statistics, 6, (1).
- "First woman RSS president, Stella Cunliffe, dies — RSSeNEWS". Royal Statistical Society. 26 January 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012. "It is with sadness that we report that Stella Cunliffe, who was our first woman president, has died at the age of 95."
- Professional membership pages on the RSS website: http://www.rss.org.uk/site/cms/contentChapterView.asp?Chapter=11 and http://www.rss.org.uk/site/cms/contentviewarticle.asp?article=495