Royal Thai Air Force
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2013)|
|Royal Thai Air Force
(RTGS: Kong Thab Akat Thai)
Emblem of the Royal Thai Air Force
|Founded||2 November 1913|
|Size||45,000 Active personnel
58 Training aircraft
10 Reconnaissance aircraft
22 Transport Aircraft
|Part of||Royal Thai Armed Forces|
|HQ||Don Muang Air Base, Bangkok|
(Royal Thai Air Force March)
|Anniversaries||9 April 1937|
|Engagements||World War I
World War II
|Commander-in-Chief||Air Chief Marshal Prajin Jantong|
|Royal Thai Air Force Flag|
|Attack||L-39, Alpha Jet, AU-23|
|Fighter||Gripen, F-16, F-5|
|Helicopter||UH-1, Bell 412, S-92, Eurocopter EC725|
|Reconnaissance||Lear 35A, Arava, Saab 340 AEW&C|
|Trainer||Airtrainer, PC-9, DA42|
|Transport||C-130, BT-67, Nomad, ATR-72, 737-400/800, A319, A310|
The Royal Thai Air Force or RTAF (Thai: กองทัพอากาศไทย, RTGS: Kong Thab Akat Thai) is the air force of the Kingdom of Thailand. Since its establishment in 1913 as one of the earliest air forces of Asia, the Royal Thai Air Force had engaged in numerous major and minor battles. During the Vietnam War era, the air force was supplied with USAF-aid equipment.
- 1 History
- 2 Command and control
- 3 Organization
- 4 Rank and insignia
- 5 Aircraft inventory
- 6 Weaponry
- 7 Incidents
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
In February 1911 the Belgian pilot Charles Van Den Born displayed the first aircraft in Siam at the Sa Pathum Horse Racing Course. The Siamese authorities were impressed enough that on 28 February 1912 they dispatched three officers to learn to fly in France, the main center of aviation development of the time. After learning to fly, the three officers returned to Siam in November 1913 with eight aircraft (four Breguets and four Nieuport IVs). In March of the next year they moved from Sa Pathum airfield to Don Muang.
The Ministry of Defence put the Siamese Flying Corps under the control of the Army Engineer Inspector General Department. Prince Purachatra, Commander of the Army Engineers, and his brother Prince Chakrabongse Bhuvanath were instrumental in the development of the army's Royal Siamese Aeronautical Service to which it was renamed in 1919. In 1937, the service was again renamed when it became an independent service, as the Royal Siamese Air Force but the takeover of the country by the Thai ethnic group meant that name would only be used until 1939, when it became the Royal Thai Air Force.
During the French-Thai War, the Thai Air Force scored several air-to-air-victories against the Vichy Armée de l'Air. During World War II the Thai Air Force supported the Royal Thai Army in its occupation of the Burmese Shan States as allies of the Japanese in 1942 and defended Bangkok from allied air raids during the latter part of the war. Some RTAF personnel assisted the resistance against the Japanese. After World War II, the Thai Air Force sent three C-47s to support the United Nations in Korean War. The victorious Wings Unit, operating the C-47, also joined the US Forces in the Vietnam War. Along the border, the Thai Air Force launched many operations against communist forces, such as Ban Nam Ta Airfield Raid in Laos, and clashes occurred between Thai and Vietnamese troops along the Thai-Cambodian border. When the Cold War ended, the Thai Air Force participated in Operation Border Post 9631 along the Thai-Burmese border in 1999, and launched the evacuation of foreigners during the 2003 Phnom Penh riots in Cambodia.
Command and control
The Royal Thai Air Force is commanded by the Commander of the Royal Thai Air Force (ผู้บัญชาการทหารอากาศไทย) currently Air Chief Marshal Prajin Jantong, who was appointed in 2012. The Royal Thai Air Force Headquarters is located in Don Muang Airbase, Bangkok, Thailand.
- Commander-in-Chief: Air Chief Marshal Prajin Jantong
- Deputy Commander-in-Chief: Air Chief Marshal Permkiat Lavanaman
- Assistant Commander-in-Chief: Air Chief Marshal Songtham Chokkanapitak
- Assistant Commander-in-Chief: Air Chief Marshal Chanat Rattanaubol
- Chief of Staff of the Air Force: Air Chief Marshal Araya Ngampramual
List of Commanders
The RTAF command structure consists of five groups: headquarters, logistics support, education, special services, and combat forces.
- The headquarters group in Bangkok performs the usual general staff functions, including planning and directing operations of the combat elements.
- Combat Group.
- The support group provides engineering, communications, ordnance, transportation, quartermaster, and medical services support.
- The education group coordinates and supervises all air force training programmes.
- The special service group is responsible for the welfare of air force personnel and coordinates the activities of Thai civil aviation with those of the air force.
The Royal Thai Air Force maintains a number of modern bases which were constructed between 1954 and 1968, have permanent buildings and ground support equipment.
All but one were built and used by United States forces until their withdrawal from Thailand in 1976 when Thai air force assumed use of the installations at Takhli and Nakhon Ratchasima (Korat). In the late 1980s, these bases and Don Muang Air Base outside Bangkok, which the air force shares with civil aviation, remain the primary operational installations.
Maintenance of base facilities abandoned by the United States proved costly and exceeded Thai needs. Nonetheless, all runways were still available for training and emergency use.
By 2004 the Royal Thai Air Force had its main base at Don Muang airport, adjacent to Don Mueang International Airport. The RTAF also had large air fields and facilities at Nakon Ratchasima Ubon Ratchathani, and Takhli.
The Royal Thai Air Force Combat Group is divided into 11 wings plus a training school, plus a few direct-reporting units.
- Directorate of Air Operations Control, RTAF
- RTAF Security Force Command
- Flying Training School
- composed of 1st, 2nd and 3rd Flying Training Squadrons. Based at RTAFB Kamphang Saen in Nakhon Pathom Province
- Wing 1
- attack wing based at RTAFB Korat in Nakhon Ratchasima Province.
- Wing 2
- helicopter wing providing utility/transport and search and rescue. Normally based at RTAFB Lop Buri in Lop Buri Province
- Wing 4
- light attack / fighter wing based at RTAFB Takhli in Nakhon Sawan Province.
- Wing 5
- transport/observation wing based at RTAFB Prachuap Khiri Khan in Prachuap Khiri Khan Province.
- Wing 6
- multi-role non-combat wing providing transport, mapping, communications and surveying. Based at RTAFB Don Muang/Bangkok.
- Wing 7
- interceptor and attack wing based at RTAFB Surat Thani in Surat Thani Province.
- Wing 21
- attack wing based at RTAFB Ubon Ratchathani in Ubon Ratchathani Province.
- Wing 23
- light attack wing based at RTAFB Udon in Udon Thani Province.
- Wing 41
- light attack wing based at RTAFB Chiang Mai in Chiang Mai Province.
- Wing 46
- transport/rainmaking wing based at RTAFB Phitsanulok in Phitsanulok Province.
- Wing 56
- currently forming at RTAFB Hatyai in Songkhla Province.
The following squadrons are currently active with the Royal Thai Air Force.
|102 Fighter Sqn||F-16A/B ADF||Wing 1||Korat|
|103 Fighter Sqn||F-16A/B||Wing 1||Korat|
|201 Helicopter Sqn||Bell 412,S-92||Wing 2||Khok Ka Thiem||Royal Guard|
|203 Helicopter Sqn||UH-1H||Wing 2||Khok Ka Thiem||SAR detachments at many locations.|
|401 Light Attack Sqn||L-39||Wing 4||Takhli|
|402 Elint Sqn||Learjet 35, IAI Arava||Wing 4||Takhli|
|403 Fighter Sqn||F-16AM/BM||Wing 4||Takhli||To be upgraded.|
|601 Transport Sqn||C-130H/H-30||Wing 6||Don Muang|
|602 Royal Flight Sqn||-||A310, A319, B737||Wing 6||Don Muang||Royal Guard|
|603 Transport Squadron||-||ATR72||Wing 6||Don Muang|
|604 Civil Pilot Training Sqn||PAC CT-4A, T-41D||Wing 6||Don Muang|
|701 Fighter Sqn||JAS-39 Gripen||Wing 7||Surat Thani||Total 12 Gripens delivered on 2011 and 2013, replacing F-5E/F.
There are plans to purchase 6 additional Gripen fighters.
|702 Sqn||Saab 340,S-100B Argus||Wing 7||Surat Thani||Saab 340 70201 and S-100B Argus AEW 70202|
|211 Fighter Sqn||F-5T Tigris||Wing 21||Ubon|
|231 Attack Sqn||Alpha Jet||Wing 23||Udorn|
|411 Fighter Sqn||L-39||Wing 41||Chiang Mai|
|461 Transport Sqn||GAF Nomad,Basler BT-67||Wing 46||Phitsanulok||Also conducts rainmaking flights.|
|561 Fighter Sqns||-||-||Wing 56||Hat Yai||Forward operating base for 701 Fighter Sqn.|
|904 Aggressor Sqn||F-5E||-||Don Muang||Former unit of Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn Mahidon.|
|Tango Sqn||-||-||-||Chiang Mai||Historical aircraft unit, not controlled by the RTAF.|
|1st Flying Training Sqn||-||PAC CT/4E||Flying Training School||Kamphang Saen||Primary flight training.|
|2nd Flying Training Sqn||-||Pilatus PC-9M||Flying Training School||Kamphang Saen||Basic flight training.|
|3rd Flying Training Sqn||-||Bell 206B (withdrawn 2006)||Flying Training School||Kamphang Saen||Helicopter training.|
Royal Thai Air Force Commando Company
Main Article This 100 man unit, part of the Royal Thai Air Force's Special Combat Operations Squadron, was formed in the late 1970s and are based near Don Muang Airport and provide anti-hijacking capabilities. They have three assault platoons, each divided into two sections.
Rank and insignia
|Type||Country of Origin||Role||Quantity||Note|
|IRIS-T||Germany||SRAAM||40+||on JAS-39 C/D.|
|Meteor (missile)||Germany||BVRAAM||?||on JAS-39 C/D (future).|
|AIM-9P-3/P-4/M-9 Sidewinder||United States||SRAAM||550+||on F-5 E/F/T, F-16 A/B/ADF/MLU, JAS-39 C/D, ALPHAJET A, L-39 ZA/ART.|
|AIM-120C5/C7 AMRAAM||United States||BVRAAM||100+||on F-16 ADF/MLU, JAS-39 C/D. C7 Delivered.|
|Python-4||Israel||AAM||50+||on F-5 T.|
|GBU-10F/B, -12E/B,-22 Paveway II||United States||Laser-Guided Bomb||?||on F-5 E/F/T, F-16 A/B/ADF/MLU, JAS-39 C/D|
|GBU-31(V)1/B JDAM||United States||GPS/INS Guided Bomb||?||JAS-39 C/D(future), F-16 MLU(future).|
|GBU-38/B JDAM||United States||GPS/INS Guided Bomb||?||JAS-39 C/D(future), F-16 MLU(future).|
|Mk 81/Mk82/Mk84||United States||250/500/2000 pound general purpose bombs||?||on F-5 E/F/T, F-16 A/B/ADF/MLU, JAS-39 C/D, ALPHAJET A, L-39 ZA/ART.|
|BLU-10A/B,-23/B,-32B/C,-27/B||United States||Napalm Bomb||?||on F-5 E/F/T, F-16 A/B/ADF/MLU, JAS-39 C/D, ALPHAJET A, L-39 ZA/ART.|
|CBU-59/B,-71A/B||United States||Cluster Bomb||?||on F-5 E/F/T, F-16 A/B/ADF/MLU, JAS-39 C/D, ALPHAJET A, L-39 ZA/ART.|
|AGM-65D/G/G-2 Maverick||United States||Air-to-Ground Missile||300+||on F-16 A/B/ADF/MLU, JAS-39 C/D.|
|RBS-15F Mk.2||Sweden||(200 kg) Anti-ship missile||12||on JAS-39 C/D.|
|CRV-7||Canada||2.75inch rocket||?||on F-5 E/F/T, F-16 A/B/ADF/MLU, JAS-39 C/D, ALPHAJET A, L-39 ZA/ART.|
|Mk.40||United States||2.75inch rocket||?||on F-5 E/F/T, F-16 A/B/ADF/MLU, JAS-39 C/D, ALPHAJET A, L-39 ZA/ART.|
|GPU-5/A||United States||30mm gun pod||?||on F-5 E/F/T.|
|Surface to air defence systems|
|Oerlikon ADATS||Switzerland||laser-guided supersonic missile||4||Fixed emplacement/semi-mobile|
|Saab Bofors Dynamics RBS 70 Mk.2||Sweden||Man-portable air-defence system (MANPAD)||?|
|QW-2 Vanguard II||China||Man-portable air-defence system (MANPAD)||?|
|Rheinmetall Mauser Mk.30 mod.F||Germany||Twin 30mm Anti Aircraft Artillery||8|
|Bofors 40mm L/70||Sweden||40mm Anti Aircraft Artillery||?|
|Type 74||China||Twin 37mm Anti Aircraft Artillery||?|
|Air Search Radar, Weather Radar|
|Lockheed Martin AN/FPS-117||United States||Long Range 3D Air Search Radar||2||RTADS I.|
|Alenia Marconi Systems Martello-743D||United Kingdom||Long Range 3D Air Search Radar||4||RTADS l/ll.|
|Northrop Grumman AN/FPS-130X||United States||Long Range 3D Air Search Radar||3||RTADS lll.|
|Northrop Grumman AN/TPS-78||United States||Long Range 3D Air Search Radar||3||RTADS ll.|
|Lockheed Martin AN/TPS-79||United States||Long Range 3D Air Search Radar||1||RTADS ll.|
|Siemens DR-162 ADV||United States||Short Range 2D Air Search Radar||?|
|Northrop Grumman AN/TPS-703||United States||Mobile Long Range 3D Air Search Radar||3|
|Ericsson Giraffe-180/40||Sweden||Mobile Medium Range 2D Air Search Radar||2+/2|
|Toshiba-ASR||Japan||Airport Surviellance Radar||?|
|Enterprise Electronics DWSR-88C||United States||Weather Radar||?|
|Enterprise Electronics TVDR-3501C||United States||Weather Radar||?|
|Enterprise Electronics TVDR-2500C||United States||Mobile Weather Radar||?|
|Cadillac Gage V150 Commando||United States||4x4 armored car||12||With 12.7mm and 7.62mm MG|
|Rheinmetall Condor||Germany||4x4 armored car||18||With 20mm and 7.62mm MG|
- Surface-to-air missile procurement - The Royal Thai Air Force plans to purchase Surface-to-air missile.
- Under the Air-to-air missile by Defense Technology Institute.
- Under the Cruise missile ground attack and anti-ship plan by Defense Technology Institute.
- Under the Man-portable air-defense systems plan by Defense Technology Institute.
- Under the Anti-tank guided missile plan by Defense Technology Institute.
|This section requires expansion. (February 2011)|
- October 18, 2010, One F-16A Block 15 crashed on Tak Province. One pilot was killed. This is the first F-16 crash in 22 years on duty.
- February 14, 2011, Two F-16ADF mid air collision while formation BVR tactic ACMI at Chaiyaphum Province, two pilots survived.
- Royal Thai Air Force Museum
- Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters
- Military of Thailand
- Royal Thai Army
- Royal Thai Navy
- "Northrop Grumman to Supply AN/TPS-78 Air Defense Radar Systems to Royal Thai Air Force". November 26, 2013.
- F-16.net RTAF F-16 Crashes
- F-16.net Two Thai F-16s Mid-air collision and crash during air to air combat exercise]
- Wieliczko, Leszek A. and Zygmunt Szeremeta. Nakajima Ki 27 Nate (bilingual Polish/English). Lublin, Poland: Kagero, 2004. ISBN 83-89088-51-7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Royal Thai Air Force.|
- RTAF Official website (English version)
- Royal Thai Air Force Whitebook on Gripen program (Thai)
- Royal Thai Air Force Press Release on Gripen program (Eng)
- Royal Thai Air Force VDO on Gripen program (Thai)
- Royal Thai Air Force Museum Many Historical Aircraft Here (English Page available)
- Reports with drawings and pictures about the Royal Thai Air Force
- Early history of the Airports of Thailand Authority