Royal warrant of appointment

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Royal warrants of appointment have been issued for centuries to tradespeople who supply goods or services to a royal court or certain royal personages. The royal warrant enables the supplier to advertise the fact that they supply to the issuer of the royal warrant, so lending prestige to the supplier. Royal families of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Denmark and Sweden, among others, allow tradesmen to advertise royal patronage.

Suppliers holding a royal warrant charge for the goods and services supplied; a royal warrant does not imply that suppliers provide goods and services free of charge. Royal warrants are typically advertised on company hoardings, letter-heads and products by displaying the coat of arms or the heraldic badge of the royal personage issuing the royal warrant. Warrants granted by members of the British royal family usually bear the phrase "By Appointment to…" followed by the title and name of the royal customer, and then what goods are provided; no other details of what is supplied may be given.

Currently reigning households[edit]


Royal warrant holders of the Court of Australia


Royal warrant holders of the Court of Belgium

See Fournisseur breveté de la Cour de Belgique (French)


Purveyors to the Royal Danish Court


Purveyors to the Japanese Imperial Household Agency; after World War II, the permission system was abolished, but purveyors still exist today.


High Patronage of the Monaco Royal Family


Purveyors to the Dutch Court

The status 'purveyor to the court' (hofleverancier) is awarded to small and medium sized businesses that have existed for at least 100 years, and who have a good reputation regionally.[1] They need not actually supply goods to the court. The status is renewable every 25 years. At present there are at least 387 companies who can hold this status.[2]

For large, multinational enterprises and for non-governmental organizations the use of the designation koninklijke or royal can be awarded.[3] These enterprises are also allowed to incorporate a crown in their logo. Examples are KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, KPN, Royal Dutch Shell, Royal Philips Electronics, and Royal Vopak.



United Kingdom[edit]

Historical reigning households[edit]


See K.u.k. Hoflieferant (German)
Purveyors to the Imperial and Royal Court were allowed to display the double-headed eagle
Imperial eagle displayed at the store of the purveyor Rudolf Waniek, in Vienna
Imperial and royal warrant of appointment issued to Johann Backhausen on November 8, 1888


Purveyors to the Court of Bavaria

See Liste bayerischer Hoflieferanten (German)
  • FA Ackermanns Kunstverlag – art publishing (1879)
  • Eilles – coffee and tea (1873)
  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Ludwig II (1872)
  • Fr. Ant. Prantl – printing and leather goods (1797)


Purveyors to the Brazilian Imperial Family


Purveyors to the Court of France


Purveyors to the Italian Royal Family

  • Acqua di Biella – eau de Cologne to Umberto I (1878)
  • Ballarino (Cavour) – jewellery to S.A.R. the Prince Amedeo of Savoy, patent n° 01/07
  • Baratti & Milano (Turin) – sweets
  • Bianchi – cars
  • Caffarel (Turin) – chocolate
  • Caraceni (Milan) – clothes
  • Fratelli Carli (Imperia) – olive oil
  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to King Vittorio Emanuele II (1876)
  • Florio (Marsala) – wine
  • Gancia – wine
  • Gentilini (Roma) – food (biscuits)
  • Marinella (Naples) – ties
  • Martini & Rossi – liquor
  • Musy, Padre & Figli (Turin) – jewellery
  • Pernigotti – chocolate
  • Petochi (Rome) – jewellery
  • Prada (Milan) – leather goods, trunks and clothes
  • Saiwa – food (biscuits)
  • Sperlari – food (biscuits)
  • Steinway & Sons – pianos
  • Luigi Borrelli (Naples) – clothing

Ottoman Empire[edit]

Purveyors to the sultans of the Ottoman Empire


Purveyors to the Portuguese Royal Family

  • Farina Gegenüber – eau de Cologne to Luís I (1866)


Purveyors to the Court of Prussia

See Liste preußischer Hoflieferanten (German)


Purveyors to the Romanian Royal House

The wording reads: Purveyor to the Romanian Royal House, used since 2003 (and probably between 1923–1947)


Purveyors to the Russian Imperial Family


Royal Warrant Holders of the Yugoslav court


External links[edit]