Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927
Long title An Act to provide for the alteration of the Royal Style and Titles and of the Style of Parliament and for purposes incidental thereto.
Chapter 4
Dates
Royal Assent 12 April 1927
Commencement 12 April 1927
Status: Current legislation
Text of statute as originally enacted
Revised text of statute as amended
Documents relevant to personal
and legislative unions of the
countries of the United Kingdom
Treaty of Windsor 1175
Treaty of York 1237
Treaty of Perth 1266
Treaty of Montgomery 1267
Treaty of Aberconwy 1277
Statute of Rhuddlan 1284
Treaty of Edinburgh–N'hampton 1328
Treaty of Berwick 1357
Poynings' Law 1495
Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542
Crown of Ireland Act 1542
Treaty of Edinburgh 1560
Union of the Crowns 1603
Union of England and Scotland Act 1603
Act of Settlement 1701
Act of Security 1704
Alien Act 1705
Treaty of Union 1706
Acts of Union 1707
Wales and Berwick Act 1746
Irish Constitution 1782
Acts of Union 1800
Government of Ireland Act 1920
Anglo-Irish Treaty 1921
Royal and Parliamentary Titles 1927
Ireland Act 1949
N. Ireland (Temporary Provisions) 1972
N. Ireland Assembly Act 1973
N. Ireland Constitution Act 1973
Northern Ireland Act 1998
Government of Wales Act 1998
Scotland Act 1998
Government of Wales Act 2006
Scotland Act 2012
Edinburgh Agreement 2012

The Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927 (17 & 18 Geo. 5 c. 4) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that authorised the alteration of the British monarch's royal style and titles, and altered the formal name of the British Parliament, in recognition of much of Ireland separating from the United Kingdom as the Irish Free State. It received Royal Assent on 12 April 1927.

The Act is also conventionally considered to have altered the formal name of the United Kingdom from "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland" to "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland", although this change was not explicitly made by the terms of the Act.[1]

Background to the Act[edit]

As a result of the Irish War of Independence, most of Ireland was detached from the United Kingdom (UK) in 1922 as the Irish Free State. However, six north-eastern counties remained part of the UK as Northern Ireland.

At the 1926 Imperial Conference it was agreed by the governments of the United Kingdom and the various Dominions that the existing royal style and titles of their shared monarch "hardly accorded with the altered state of affairs arising from the establishment of the Irish Free State as a Dominion".[2] The Conference concluded that the existing wording (established in 1901) be changed to:[3]

"George V, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India"

Under the existing constitutional arrangements for the Commonwealth, it was necessary for legislation to be passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in order for the royal style and titles to be altered; the resulting Act would then extend automatically to the law of the various Dominions. The British Government introduced the necessary bill into the British House of Commons in March 1927, and easily secured its passage through both Houses of Parliament.

Provisions of the Act[edit]

The Act contained three substantive provisions.

Firstly, the King was authorised to issue a royal proclamation within six months of the Act's passing, authorising him to alter the royal style and titles.[4] Following the precedent set by similar legislation in the past, the Act did not itself set out the form of the new style and titles that were to be adopted.

Secondly, the Act formally renamed the United Kingdom's parliament from "Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland" to "Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".[5]

Finally, the Act established that the term "United Kingdom", when used in "every Act [of Parliament] passed and public document issued after the passing of this Act", would mean Great Britain and Northern Ireland (unless the context required otherwise).[6]

A royal proclamation was subsequently issued under the terms of the Act on 13 May 1927. The proclamation followed the recommendation of the Imperial Conference by altering the Latin and English forms of the existing royal style and titles, the former by replacing "Britanniarum" with "Magnae Britanniae, Hiberniae", and the latter by replacing "the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of" with "Great Britain, Ireland and".[7]

Subsequent developments[edit]

Over the next quarter of the century the relationship between the various members of the Commonwealth continued to evolve. In particular, the outcome of the 1930 Imperial Conference (and the resultant Statute of Westminster 1931), the formal declaration by the Irish state of its republican status and its consequent secession from the Commonwealth, and the request by India that it remain a member of the Commonwealth despite adopting a republican constitution, all altered both the nature and composition of the Commonwealth.

The royal style and titles were altered in 1948, to reflect the independence of India the previous year by omitting the title "Emperor of India". However, the accession of a new monarch (Elizabeth II) in 1952 was taken as an opportunity to completely alter both the form of the style and titles, and the manner in which they would be legislated for; henceforth, each Commonwealth realm would pass its own legislation establishing its own version of the style and titles. The resulting legislation for the United Kingdom and its dependencies was the Royal Style and Titles Act 1953. The reference to "Ireland" in the Royal style and title was not changed to "Northern Ireland" until May 1953.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oliver, J. D. B. (2004). "What's in a Name?". In John Tiley (ed.). Studies in the history of tax law. Tax Law History Conference. Oxford ; Portland, Or: Hart Publishing. ISBN 1841134732. 
  2. ^ Imperial Conference, 1926: Summary of Proceedings Cmd 2768, p. 15 (London: HMSO, 1926).
  3. ^ Cmd 2768, p. 16
  4. ^ Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927, s. 1
  5. ^ s. 2(1)
  6. ^ s. 2(2)
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33274. pp. 3111–3111. 13 May 1927.
  8. ^ http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/britstyles.htm#1927

External links[edit]

See also[edit]