University of Saint Francis Xavier

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Royal and Pontificial Major University of Saint Francis Xavier of Chuquisaca
Universidad Mayor Real y Pontificia de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca

Chuquisacantiguo.jpgUniversidad Mayor Real y Pontificia de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca.jpg

Universidad Mayor Real y Pontificia de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca1.jpg
Established March 27, 1624
Type Public University
Location Sucre, Bolivia
Website http://www.usfx.info/edif/

The Royal and Pontificial Major University of Saint Francis Xavier of Chuquisaca is a public university in Sucre, Bolivia. It is one of the oldest universities of the new world, ranking as the second oldest university in the Americas behind Peru's National University of San Marcos. Founded in 1624 by order of the Spanish King Philip IV, and with the support of Pope Innocent XII, the university was intended to provide an education in Law and Theology to the families and descendants of the wealthy gentry of South America.

USFX is older than Harvard, for which the oldest official reference as a university occurs only in 1780.[citation needed]

At the turn of the 19th century, Chuquisaca and its university came to constitute an center of revolutionary zeal in Bolivia. The university intellectually sustained the well-cultivated Francophile elite whose ideals led to the Bolivian War of Independence and ultimately to the independence of all the Spanish colonies. Once Republic was proclaimed by Simón Bolívar, the university became the main university of the new country.

Until the first decades of the 20th century, its law faculty remained famous all across South America.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Official Website [1]
  • Fundacion de la Universidad San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca [2]