Royal standards of Canada

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The royal standards of Canada are flags employed by some members of the Canadian Royal Family to mark the presence of the bearer at any building or area or aboard any car, ship, or airplane, both in Canada and abroad. There are five royal standards, one each for the Queen of Canada, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Cambridge, the Princess Royal, and the Duke of York. The flags are part of a larger collection of Canadian royal symbols.[1]

Sovereign's standard[edit]

The Royal Standard,[2] also called The Queen's Personal Canadian Flag,[3] is a heraldic banner[4] that was adopted and proclaimed by Queen Elizabeth II in 1962, and is used by her in her capacity as Queen of Canada. With its introduction, red and white became entrenched as the national colours of Canada[5] and it was added to the Canadian Heraldic Authority's Public Register of Arms, Flags, and Badges on 15 March 2005.[4] Different standards are used by Elizabeth in some of the other Commonwealth realms and she holds another banner for use as Head of the Commonwealth.

The flag, in a 1:2 proportion, consists of the escutcheon of the Royal Arms of Canada in banner form and defaced with the distinct device of Queen Elizabeth II used on her Head of the Commonwealth flag:[3] a blue roundel with the initial E crowned, all within a wreath of roses, all gold-coloured.[4] The standard is protected under the Trade-marks Act; section 9(a) states: "No person shall adopt in connection with a business, as a trade-mark or otherwise, any mark consisting of, or so nearly resembling as to be likely to be mistaken for... the Royal Arms, Crest or Standard."[2]

The personal standard of Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada

A similar version of the standard was used only once, at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. It was a banner of the arms of Canada, which then used green maple leaves in the escutcheon, in a 3:4 ratio and without defacement.

Version used at the coronation of Elizabeth II in 1953

Other members of the Royal Family[edit]

Variants of the Queen's royal standard are used by four other members of the Canadian Royal Family: Charles, Prince of Wales; Prince William, Duke of Cambridge; Anne, Princess Royal; and Prince Andrew, Duke of York. All were created by the Canadian Heraldic Authority, the first two, other than the sovereign's, being the banners for the Prince of Wales and Duke of Cambridge, which were developed over a three-month period and revealed on 29 June 2011,[6] just prior to that year's royal tour by the Duke of Cambridge.[7] The Duke of Cambridge's flag was first used when unfurled from the cockpit window of the Royal Canadian Air Force airplane that he and his wife travelled on to Canada in 2011, as it taxied after landing at Ottawa.[8] Prince Charles' flag was first used when unfurled from the cockpit window of the Royal Canadian Air Force airplane that he and his wife travelled on to Canada, as it taxied after landing at CFB Gagetown, on 20 May 2012, at the beginning of his royal tour marking his mother's Diamond Jubilee.[9] The Princess Royal's banner was unfurled on her October 2013 visit to CFB Borden, Barrie, Ontario, and CFB Kingston.

All are in a 1:2 proportion and consist of the escutcheon of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with both a blue roundel surrounded by a wreath and a white label of three points. The wreath on Prince Charles' banner is of gold maple leaves, the roundel depicts the Prince of Wales' feathers, and the label is not charged, signifying the eldest son of the monarch. Prince William's flag has a wreath of gold maple leaves and scallop shells, the roundel bears a depiction of his cypher (a W surmounted by a coronet of his rank), and the label is charged with a red shell, reminiscent of the coat of arms of his mother, Diana, Princess of Wales. The royal standard of Anne, Princess Royal, shows a wreath of gold maple leaves, the roundel bears Anne's cypher (an A surmounted by a coronet of her rank, a child of the monarch), and the label is charged with a red heart at centre and the other two with red crosses, taken from the Princess' coat of arms.[10] The wreath on the royal standard of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, is of gold maple leaves, the roundel bears Andrew's cypher (an A surmounted by a coronet of his rank, a child of the monarch), and the centre label is charged with a blue anchor, taken from the Prince's coat of arms.

The Prince of Wales' Personal Canadian Flag.[11] 
The royal standard of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, called The Duke of Cambridge's Personal Canadian Flag.[12] 
The royal standard of Anne, Princess Royal 
The personal standard of Prince Andrew, Duke of York[13] 

Use and protocol[edit]

The Queen's standard flying from the Peace Tower on Parliament Hill

The Queen's personal Canadian flag is employed only when the Queen is in Canada or is attending an event abroad as the Canadian head of state; for example, the flag was unfurled at Juno Beach in France when the Queen was present there for commemorations of the Normandy Landings. The flag must be broken immediately upon the sovereign's arrival and lowered directly after her departure from any building, ship, aircraft, or other space or vehicle.[14][15] On land, as per Department of National Defence protocol, the Queen's standard must be flown from a flagpole bearing as a pike head the crest of the Canadian royal arms.[16] As the monarch is the personification of the Canadian state, her banner also takes precedence above all other flags in Canada, including the national flag and those of the other members of the Canadian Royal Family, and is never flown at half-mast.[14]

No other person may use the flag; the Queen's federal representative, the governor general, possesses a unique personal flag, as does each of the monarch's provincial viceroys. Flags are kept at the Queen's Canadian residence, Rideau Hall, and supplied to Department of Canadian Heritage royal visit staff by the household staff prior to the Queen's arrival.[14]

Protocol is sometimes, though rarely, officially broken. On 9 August 1902, the day of the coronation of King Edward VII, the monarch's royal standard (then the same in Canada as in the United Kingdom) was raised on a temporary flag pole at His Majesty's Dockyard in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Similarly, for the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II on 2 June 1953, the sovereign's royal standard was broken atop the Peace Tower on Parliament Hill in Ottawa.[17] Sixty years later, on 6 February 2012, the Queen's personal standard for Canada was unfurled at her Ottawa residence, Rideau Hall, and on Parliament Hill, as well as at other legislatures across the country to mark the monarch's diamond anniversary of her accession to the throne;[18] permission to do so was granted by the Queen.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Franco, Guida (2006). Canadian Almanac & Directory 2006. Toronto: Micromedia ProQuest. p. 3. ISBN 1-895021-90-1. 
  2. ^ a b Elizabeth II (2008), Trade-marks Act, 9.1.a, Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada (published 1985), R.S., 1985, c. T-13, retrieved 28 October 2009 
  3. ^ a b Department of Canadian Heritage. "Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols Promotion > The crown in Canada > The Queen's Personal Canadian Flag". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 24 September 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c Office of the Governor General of Canada: Canadian Heraldic Authority. "Public Register of Arms, Flags, and Badges > Registration of the Flag of Her Majesty the Queen for personal use in Canada". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  5. ^ Tidridge, Nathan (2011). Thompson, Allister, ed. Canada's Constitutional Monarchy. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 222. ISBN 9781554889808. 
  6. ^ Baziuk, Laura (30 June 2011). "Personal Canadian flags unveiled for Prince Charles, Prince William". The Montreal Gazette. Postmedia News. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  7. ^ Office of the Minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages (29 June 2011). "Harper Government Unveils New Personal Canadian Flags for Their Royal Highnesses The Prince of Wales and The Duke of Cambridge". Canada News Wire. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  8. ^ Proudfoot, Shannon (30 June 2011), "The royals are here: Will and Kate start Canadian tour", Vancouver Sun, retrieved 30 June 2011 
  9. ^ Bissett, Kevin (20 May 2012). "Prince Charles, Camilla arrive in Canada to begin royal tour". CityTV. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  10. ^ Canadian Heraldic Authority. "The flag of The Princess Royal for use in Canada". Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  11. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage. "Topics > Anthems and Symbols > Royal Symbols > The Prince of Wales' Personal Canadian Flag". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  12. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage. "Topics > Anthems and Symbols > Royal Symbols > The Duke of Cambridge's Personal Canadian Flag". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  13. ^ Canadian Heraldic Authority. "The Personal Flag of the Duke of York for use in Canada". Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c Department of Canadian Heritage. "Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols Promotion > Personal flags and standards". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 25 November 2009. 
  15. ^ "PM unveils a new personal flag for use in Canada for His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge" (Press release). Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. 29 June 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  16. ^ Department of National Defence (1 April 1999), The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces, Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, p. 4-1-6, A-AD-200-000/AG-000, retrieved 8 February 2012 
  17. ^ Government of Nova Scotia. "The Diamond Jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II > The Queen's Personal Canadian Flag". Queen's Printer for Nova Scotia. Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  18. ^ "Manitoba Celebrating Queen's Diamond Jubilee". ChrisD. 6 February 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  19. ^ "Canada kicks off festivities for Queen's jubilee". CTV. 6 February 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 

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