Roybal, also spelled Roibal and Ruibal, is a Galician surname, later introduced into the Americas . It has its origin in the hamlet of Ruibal, in the municipality of Moraña —Galicia (Spain)— where a 3% of the local inhabitant are surnamed Ruibal.
In Galicia this surname is in use at least since the 14th century.
In the Americas, the name first appears in documents dating to around 1675. One of the first recorded instances is that of Ignacio Roybal, a soldier who traveled with Don Diego de Vargas to reconquer the city of Santa Fe, New Mexico from the Indians after the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. Fray Angélico Chávez, a New Mexico historian, is also a descendent of the New Mexico Roybal lineage and was one of the first to trace it. Many Roybals trace their ancestry to the New Mexico cities of Santa Fe, Pojoaque, El Rancho, Jacona, to the San Ildefonso Pueblo, where it is shared by Native Americans, and to the historical area of Cuyumungue. The name also has history in California, Colorado, Pecos, New Mexico and Las Vegas, New Mexico.
Notable people with the last name Roybal
- J. Roybal, Painter
- Alfonso Roybal (Awa Tsireh), San Ildefonso Pueblo painter
- Antonio Roybal, painter and sculptor
- Edward Roybal, politician
- Ignacio Roibal (Roybal), Spanish soldier with Diego de Vargas from Spain and the owner of the Historic Sena Plaza in Santa Fe
- Louis Roybal, Professional Billiard (Pool) Player and Teacher
- J.D. Roybal, Native American painter from San Ildefonso Pueblo
- James Roybal, sculptor
- Josefa Roybal, Native American painter
- Lucille Roybal-Allard, politician
- Max Roybal, New Mexico santero and painter
- Ronald Roybal, Native American flautist
- Don Santiago Roybal, appointed in 1730 by the archbishops of Guadalajara, Mexico to oversee the missions of New Mexico.
- Lawrence Roybal Jr., King County Human Rights Commissioner,Issaquah Food and Clothing Bank Board of Directors.
- Sara Roybal Hollywood Make Up
- Louie Roybal III, Fine Artist and Graphic Designer from Virginia  Rick Roybal, author
- Motto, Sytha (1973). Old Houses of New Mexico and The People Who Built Them. Albuquerque: Calvin Horn Publisher, Inc. ISBN 0-910750-24-6.
- Chávez, Angélico (1974). My Penitente Land, Reflections on Spanish New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. p. 208. ISBN 0-8263-0334-X.
- "Roybal, Josefa". National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian. The Museum. 1995. p. 183. ISBN 0-8212-2216-3.