Rubber seed oil

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Rubber seed oil is oil extracted from the seeds of rubber trees. In the latex manufacturing process, rubber seeds are not historically collected and commercialized. Recent analysis shows that rubber seed oil contained the following fatty acids:[1][citation needed]

  • Palmitic (C16:0) - 0.2%
  • Stearic (C18:0) - 8.7%
  • Oleic (C18:1) - 24.6%
  • Linoleic (C18:2) - 39.6%
  • Linolenic (C18:3) - 16.3%

In Cambodia and other rubber manufacturing areas, rubber seeds are used to feed livestock.[2][citation needed] Although rubber seed is rich in nutrients, it also contains cyanogenic glycosides which will release prussic acid in the presence of enzymes or in slightly acidic conditions.[3] Oil from the rubber seed is also of commercial importance. Hitherto, rubber seed has largely been allowed to waste with very little used for raising root stock seedlings for propagation purposes.[4][5] The useful properties of the rubber seed oil make it similar to well-known linseed and soybean oil.[6][7] Rubber seed oil also could be used for the paint industry as a semidrying oil,[8] in the manufacture of soap,[9] for the production of linoleum and alkyd resin;[10] in medicine as antimalaria oil;[11] and in engineering as core binder for factice preparation, and the cake left after oil extraction is used in fertilizer preparation and as feed for cattle and poultry. The potential of rubber wood as a source of timber is recognized in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and Malaysia, with an increasing volume of sawn rubber wood used for furniture manufacturing and a variety of other applications.[12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shankaransh Srivastava,"Effects of Blends of Rubber Seed Oil on Engine performance and Emissions"
  2. ^ Bun Tean, eo Sath, Pok Samkol and J Ly, "Utilization by pigs of diets containing Cambodian rubber seed meal"
  3. ^ Gv Mallika, ER Jansz and Nirmala M Pieris, 1991, "Cyanogenic Glucosides and Glucosidases of Rubber Seed Kernel" J. Natn Sci Coun. Sri Lanka
  4. ^ Uzu, F. O.; Ihenyen, G. A.; Chukwuma, F. and Imoebe, S. O. (1985). Processing, analysis and utilization of rubber seed oil and cake. Paper presented at the National Conference on Industrial utilization of Natural rubber seed, latex and wood. Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, Benin City, 22nd-24th Jan. 7 pp.
  5. ^ Thomas, V.; Mercykutty, V. C. and Saraswathyamma, C. K. (1998). Rubber seed: Its biological and industrial applications. Planter (Malaysia). 74 (869): 437 - 443.
  6. ^ Anon, (1919). Para rubber seed as a source of oil and feeding cake. Bulletin of Imperial Institute. 17: 543-571.
  7. ^ Aigbodion, A. I. (1994). Effect of storage of seeds on quality of rubber seed oil. India Journal of Natural Rubber. 92: 141-143.
  8. ^ Anon, (1950). Drying oil for the paint industry. Board of Trade Journal. 150: 771- 773.
  9. ^ Vimal, P.O. (1981). The use of rubber seed. Planter Chronicle (India). 76(7): 333-336.
  10. ^ Uzu, F. O.; Ihenyen, G. A.; Chukwuma, F. and Imoebe, S. O. (1985). Processing, analysis and utilization of rubber seed oil and cake. Paper presented at the National Conference on Industrial utilization of Natural rubber seed, latex and wood. Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, Benin City, 22nd-24th Jan. 7 pp.
  11. ^ Thomas, V.; Mercykutty, V. C. and Saraswathyamma, C. K. (1998). Rubber seed: Its biological and industrial applications. Planter (Malaysia). 74 (869): 437 - 443.
  12. ^ Green, L. W. and Leaper, J. M. F. (1933). Pure rubber seed oil as a substitute for Linseed oil in founding core binders. Chemical Abstract. 27 pp.
  13. ^ (http://www.irrdb.com-30/1/2013


See also[edit]

Biofuels