|Malus domestica 'Civni'|
|Hybrid parentage||'Elstar' × 'Gala'|
The Civni apple, marketed as "Rubens", is a bi-colored apple cultivar. It was first developed in 1985 as a cross of Gala and Elstar apples by the Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti (CIV), an Italian apple growers' consortium from Ferrara. They have been granted a patent on the Civni variety in 2003.
The apple has a striking, striped or solid light red color. Its taste is sweet like that of Gala, but more aromatic; its texture is more solid and crunchy than that of Elstar.
As of 2007, the apple was grown on about a million trees in Europe, as well as in Chile, South Africa and the United States. It has a yield of between 80-100 tonnes per hectare.
- Rubens Apples, a promotional website dedicated to the cultivar.
- Baab, Gerhard (2004). "Apfel Clubsorten – wo bleibt der Obstbauer? Vortrag anlässlich des 24. Bundesseminars Kernobst vom 17. - 19.02.2004 in Oppenheim" (in German). Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- "Patent USPP14177 Apple tree named "Civni"".
- "Collett signs up for Rubens". Freshinfo. 8 March 2007. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- "Rubens apple". OrangePippin.com. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
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