French submarine Rubis (S601)
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|Laid down:||11 December 1976|
|Launched:||7 July 1979|
|Commissioned:||23 February 1983|
|Renamed:||renamed Rubis in 1993|
|Fate:||In active service|
|Class & type:||Rubis class submarine|
|Displacement:||2600 t (2400 t surfaced)|
|Length:||73.6 m (241 ft)|
|Beam:||7.6 m (25 ft)|
|Draught:||6.4 m (21 ft)|
Pressurised water K48 nuclear reactor (48 MW) ; 2 turbo-alternators ; 1 electric engine (7 MW); one propeller
|Speed:||over 25 knots (46 km/h)|
|Test depth:||over 300 m|
DMUX 20 multifonction
 4 × 533mm tubes.
Originally named Provence, she was renamed to Rubis on 18 December 1980. Being the lead ship of the Rubis class, her fine-tuning was long, notably needing over 1000 hours of underwater testing before commissioning.
The Rubis is alleged to have entered the Pacific Ocean in 1985 to support the operation which led to the Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior. It is claimed that the submarine recovered the crew of the yacht Ouvéa before they could be re-arrested by New Zealand police for their role in the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior.
The Rubis formed part of the French naval contribution to the Gulf War. Between September 1992 and July 1993, she undertook a major refitting which upgraded her to the level of the Améthyste. Soon after, on 17 July 1993, the Rubis collided with the tanker Lyria, as the Rubis was surfacing, causing minor damages and injuries.
The Rubis also took part in Operation Trident, the 1999 bombing campaign over Yugoslavia, by protecting the aeronaval group. Along with the Améthyste, she was one of the two submarines who interdicted the Kotor straits to the Serbian Navy, thus effectively forbidding its use. She also gathered information for the coalition.
In 2002, the Rubis protected Task Force 473 in the Indian Ocean, during operation Hercules, the naval part of the invasion of Afghanistan.
On 30 March 2007, while submerged, Rubis hit the bottom, damaging her bow and sonar. She returned to operations in July 2008.
tampion of the Rubis
References and notes