Rubus odoratus

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Rubus odoratus
Rubus-odoratus-flower.JPG
Purple-flowering raspberry cultivated in Denmark
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rubus
Subgenus: Anoplobatus
Species: R. odoratus
Binomial name
Rubus odoratus
L.

Rubus odoratus (purple-flowered raspberry,[1][2] flowering raspberry,[2] or Virginia raspberry) is a species of Rubus, native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to Ontario, and south to Georgia and Alabama.[2]

It is a shrub growing to 3 m tall, with perennial, not biennial stems (unlike many other species in the genus). Also, unlike most other related species this plant does not have thorns. The leaves are palmately lobed with five (rarely three or seven) lobes, up to 25 cm long and broad, superficially resembling maple leaves. The flowers are 3–5 cm diameter, with five purple petals; they are produced from early spring to early fall. The fruit matures in late summer to early autumn, and resembles a large, flat raspberry with many drupelets, and is rather fuzzy to the touch and tongue.[1][3][4][5]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

It is widely grown as an ornamental plant for its conspicuous flowers with a long flowering period. This plant likes partial shade, rich, slightly acid soil and moderate water. It is locally naturalized in parts of Washington state[6] and also in Europe, notably south eastern England.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c C. Stace, R. van der Meijden, I. de Kort, no date. Flora of NW Europe. entry for Rubus odoratus
  2. ^ a b c Germplasm Resources Information Network: Rubus odoratus
  3. ^ Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States: Rubus odoratus
  4. ^ Bioimages: Rubus odoratus
  5. ^ Blanchan, Neltje (2005). Wild Flowers Worth Knowing. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation. 
  6. ^ USDA Plants Profile: Rubus odoratus