Ruda Śląska

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Ruda Śląska
Water Tower in Ruda Sląska subdivision Nowy Bytom
Water Tower in Ruda Sląska subdivision Nowy Bytom
Flag of Ruda Śląska
Flag
Coat of arms of Ruda Śląska
Coat of arms
Ruda Śląska is located in Poland
Ruda Śląska
Ruda Śląska
Coordinates: 50°16′N 18°42′E / 50.267°N 18.700°E / 50.267; 18.700
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian
County city county
Established 13th century
Town rights 1959
Government
 • Mayor Grażyna Dziedzic
Area
 • City 77.73 km2 (30.01 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • City 142,510
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,746,000
 • Metro 4,620,624
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 41-700 to 41-718
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SRS, SL
Website http://www.rudaslaska.pl/

Ruda Śląska [ˈruda ˈɕlɔ̃ska] ( ) (German Ruda in Oberschlesien) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. It is a district in the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, a metropolis with a population of 2 million. It is located in the Silesian Highlands, on the Kłodnica river (tributary of the Oder).

It has been part of the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999. Previously, it was in Katowice Voivodeship, and before then, part of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship. Ruda Śląska is one of the cities in the Katowice urban area (population 2.7 million) and within the greater Silesian metropolitan area (population 5,294,000).[1] The population of the city is 143,583 (June 2009).[2]

Subdivisions[edit]

The city of Ruda Śląska is divided into the following subdivisions:

  • Orzegów
  • Godula
  • Ruda
  • Chebzie
  • Nowy Bytom
  • Bielszowice
  • Bykowina
  • Wirek
  • Halemba
  • Kochłowice
  • Czarny Las
Dzielnice Rudy Śląskiej.svg

History[edit]

Niedurnego Street in Ruda Śląska

A large village is known to have existed at the location of the present day city center in 1243. The city name appears to indicate the awareness and perhaps exploitation of ores from early times.

The area underwent rapid industrialization (coal, steel, zinc) in the 19th and the beginning of 20th century. However, it remained a cluster of industrial settlements and villages until the 1950s, when it was administratively united. However, it never developed into a truly unified city.

After the fall of communism in 1989, the significant heavy industry was largely scaled down or restructured. The area has been transforming to a service-based economy. The well-known still operating coal mine is "Halemba".

Since 2007, Ruda Śląska has been a member of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, the largest legally recognized urban area in Poland.

Transport and infrastructure[edit]

Significant roadways are Highway A4 and the Drogowa Trasa Średnicowa. There are several small railway stations, mainly on the line Katowice-Gliwice.

Since 1950, Ruda Śląska is the site of a transmission facility, which was used from 1950 to 1988 for medium-wave radio broadcasting.

Higher education[edit]

The neighboring cities of Katowice and Gliwice are large academic centers. Ruda Śląska is a seat of the Higher Academy of Commerce (Wyższa Szkoła Handlowa).

Sports[edit]

Aquadrom water park

Rugby Club IGLOO Ruda Śląska – men's rugby team playing in Polish Ekstraliga Rugby Seven's

Famous people[edit]

Ruda Śląska is the largest population center in Poland never to have been visited by Lech Wałęsa. This is shown on a brass plaque on the side of the ratusz (town hall).

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Ruda Śląska is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) [1]
  2. ^ Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2009, "Population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division, as of June 30, 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-31. 

Coordinates: 50°18′N 18°53′E / 50.300°N 18.883°E / 50.300; 18.883