Rude Boy (song)

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"Rude Boy"
Single by Rihanna
from the album Rated R
Released February 19, 2010 (2010-02-19)
Format CD single, digital download
Recorded 2009; Metropolis Studios;
(London, England)
Genre Pop, R&B
Length 3:43
Label Def Jam, SRP
Writer(s)
Producer(s)
Rihanna singles chronology
"Stranded (Haiti Mon Amour)"
(2010)
"Rude Boy"
(2010)
"Rockstar 101"
(2010)

"Rude Boy" is a song by Barbadian singer Rihanna, taken from her fourth studio album, Rated R (2009), that was released as the third single from the album on February 19, 2010, through Def Jam. Rihanna co-wrote the song with Mikkel S. Eriksen, Tor Erik Hermansen, Ester Dean, Makeba Riddick, and Rob Swire, with Swire also co-producing it with Eriksen and Hermansen, known together as StarGate. "Rude Boy" is an up-tempo song and incorporates elements of raggamuffin, pop and R&B.

The song received mixed to positive reviews from critics; some called it is the highlight of the album, but others criticized Rihanna's "monotone" and "icy" vocal performance. "Rude Boy" peaked at number one the US Billboard Hot 100 in its fourth week for five consecutive weeks, and was Rihanna's sixth US number one single. It was a commercial success globally, peaked at number one in Australia and attained top five positions in Germany, Hungary, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Slovakia and the United Kingdom.

The accompanying music video was directed by Melina Matsoukas, used greenscreen techniques and featured props that included a stuffed lion and zebra. Rihanna performed the song live for the first time at the Pepsi Super Bowl Fan Jam in South Beach, Miami, and later on The Ellen DeGeneres Show, Nickelodeon's 2010 Kids' Choice Awards, and Alan Carr: Chatty Man. "Rude Boy" was also featured on the set lists of Rihanna's Last Girl on Earth, Loud and Diamonds tours. Ester Dean's demo of "Rude Boy" leaked onto YouTube on September 7, 2010.[1] Some analysts have described the lyrics as being sexually explicit.[2]

Background and development[edit]

"Rude Boy" was written by its producers Mikkel S. Eriksen and Tor Erik Hermansen (under their stage name Stargate) alongside Rihanna herself, Ester Dean, and Makeba Riddick, with additional writing and production by Rob Swire.[3] During an interview on the television show, Alan Carr: Chatty Man in February 2010, Carr asked Rihanna about the song's lyrics, with particular emphasis on the line "Come here Rude Boy, Boy, can you get it up?/Come here Rude Boy, Boy, is you big enough?"[4] Rihanna explained: "When we wrote the song, it was kind of a freestyle ... I liked the West Indian influence that the music had, and, I just went in the booth, they were already jotting down some ideas and, that came to me, I just ran in there with the, one of the writers and started coming up with this in the studio and now when people read it back to me like that, 'Come here Rude Boy, is you big enough'?, it does sound so disgusting!"[4] She also explained the development of the song, and said that those lyrics were originally going to be the introduction, but because of the song's infectious beat, Rihanna decided to make it the hook instead.[4]

In an interview with Us Weekly, Makeba Riddick, who assisted with the song's vocal production, spoke about the inspiration for the song.[5] Riddick explained that Ester Dean had come up with a concept for the song, and had been working with Stargate to develop it.[5] Upon hearing it, Riddick and Rihanna expressed interest in the song but thought that some changes were needed, and sent it to Riddick for completion.[5] Riddick also explained where the idea for some of the sexually provocative lyrics came from: "I was listening to the words and me and [Rihanna] and we were just laughing and talking about so many situations that have happened in the past and that happen to women everywhere. By the time we were done of course, we were laughing and giggling about the lyrics – surprisingly everybody went nuts over the song."[5] Dean explained the development of "Rude Boy" in an interview with The Boom Box, and said that she wanted to channel Rihanna's alter ego and use it as inspiration for the song's lyrics.[6] Dean praised Rihanna's ability to take risks with her music, saying "I think Rihanna is sexy and will say things that other chicks won't say. Even if she says let's go kiss some girls, who really cares ... that's Rihanna. Music is about fantasy. This is what people want to do, but are afraid to do."[6]

Composition[edit]

A 22-second sample of "Rude Boy", demonstrating the meld of West Indian, dancehall and ragga music influences.[7]

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"Rude Boy" is an up-tempo pop and R&B song[8] and incorporates elements of dancehall and raggamuffin.[7][9] The song is written in the key of E minor with a time signature in common time, and a tempo of 96 beats per minute.[8] Rihanna's vocal range spans from the low note of E3 to the high note of D,5 and the song follows a sequence of Am–Em–F–Dm as its chord progression.[8] Alexis Petridis of The Guardian commented that "Rude Boy", and the album's previous single "Hard", were the highlights of Rated R, praised the singer's vocal performance in the song, "both of which exploit Rihanna's most appealing vocal style, a sulky, icy, monotone."[10] Michael Menachem of Billboard magazine commented on the lyrical content of the song, and wrote, "with 'Rude Boy', Rihanna delivers her most provocative lyrics and perhaps most authentic-sounding single to date."[11] Menachem also wrote about the song's composition, "Steel drums are a welcome presence on the production, which gives a nod to ska and dancehall. Rihanna's swagger has never been as convincing as on this song."[11]

Release and reception[edit]

"Rude Boy" was released as the fourth overall single (third international) from Rihanna's fourth studio album, Rated R (2009).[12][13][14] It was sent to urban radio stations in the US on February 9, 2010,[15] and was released via digital download on February 19, 2010.[16]

Critical response[edit]

Los Angeles Times' reviewer Ann Powers stated that the song has a "ragamuffin-style", and commented on the lyrics, "Even as she offers herself in no uncertain terms—'I'm gon' let you be the captain tonight' she sneers—she questions his prowess. 'Can you get it up? Are you big enough?' she repeats in the singsong chorus, making it tough to imagine that any suitor could rise to this occasion."[9] Bill Lamb of About.com praised the song, and called it "the most instantly engaging song from the album Rated R", and that "[Rihanna] projects a dominant female image that is exactly what was needed to move past the unfortunate Chris Brown chapter in her career".[3] However, Lamb added that the "icy feel is wearing thin. Rihanna sounds like she has taken a few steps back to distance herself from the whole song. There is a pleasing swagger, but we're never quite engaged".[3]

Nick Levine of Digital Spy, commenting on the genre of the song and Rihanna's musical direction and transition from her previous album Good Girl Gone Bad (2007), wrote, "'Rude Boy' can be construed as a winning synthesis of her Island-pop beginnings, the effortless hitmaking of the Good Girl Gone Bad era and the more menacing persona she's unveiled post-Grammygate. On the other, it's just a damn good tune." Levine also wrote that "Rude Boy" is "the most instantly catchy moment" on Rated R.[7] Alibhe Malone of NME commented on the song's demeanor in relation to Rated R as a whole, and wrote, "With only one other female songwriter here apart from Rihanna (Ester Dean on ‘Rude Boy’) it’s a startlingly masculine record – in sound and in attitude."[17] Malone also wrote that Rihanna persists in ensuring that listener realizes "how she wants men in her bed."[17] Ryan Dombell of Pitchfork Media wrote a mixed review of the song; he called it the flightiest song on Rated R, but praised it as superior to the riskier material on the album.[18]

Chart performance[edit]

"Rude Boy" debuted on the US Billboard Hot 100 at number sixty-four.[19] It peaked at number one a month later, replacing "Break Your Heart" by Taio Cruz, and became Rihanna's sixth US number one single.[20] Rihanna equaled Paula Abdul and Diana Ross as the female artists with the fifth-most number one singles on the Hot 100's in its fifty-one year history.[21] "Rude Boy" remained at number one for five consecutive weeks,[22] and was replaced by "Nothin' On You" by B.o.B featuring Bruno Mars.[23] "Rude Boy" also topped the US Rhythmic Airplay,[24] Pop Songs,[25] and Dance/Club Play Songs charts.[26] "Rude Boy" was certified two-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, denoting shipments of over two million copies.[27] "Rude Boy" debuted on the Australian Singles Chart at number forty-five, and peaked at number one for two weeks in March 14, 2010.[28][29] It remained on the chart for nineteen weeks,[29] and was certified two-times platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association, denoting shipments of over 140,000 copies.[30] In New Zealand, the song debuted at number twenty-five on February 22, 2010, and peaked at number three in its fifth week on the chart.[31]

On the UK Singles Chart, "Rude Boy" peaked at number two. It was prevented from reaching the top spot by Tinie Tempah's "Pass Out", which debuted at number one and remained there for two weeks.[32][33] "Rude Boy" was more successful on the UK R&B Chart, where it peaked at number one for one week on February 27, 2010.[34] On April 30, 2010, the single was certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry, denoting shipments of over 400,000 copies.[35] Elsewhere in Europe, the song achieved moderate chart success, peaking at number three in Denmark[36] and Norway[37] for two weeks on both charts, and in both the Flanders and Wallonia regions of Belgium.[38][39] "Rude Boy" also reached the top ten in Austria,[40] Finland[41] and France,[42] charting at numbers six, seven and eight, respectively. "Rude Boy" was less successful in Sweden, where the song peaked at number eleven.[43] Even though, it was very successful in Romania, where it peaked at number-one on the Romanian Top 100 for five consecutive weeks, becoming Rihanna's third chart topper there and her longest-running number-one.[44]

Music video[edit]

Background and synopsis[edit]

Rihanna is shown wearing a skin tight black and white catsuit, sitting on a stuffed Zebra, with a black and white background. The scene from the video draws influence from paintings by the 1980s pop culture artist Keith Haring, who was famous for using graffiti patterns in his artwork.[45][46]

The accompanying music video for "Rude Boy" was directed by Melina Matsoukas,[47] who also directed the video for Rihanna's previous single, "Hard".[48] The video relies upon the use of greenscreen, and contains strong references to critically acclaimed famous artists, including Andy Warhol, Keith Haring, Salt-n-Pepa, M.I.A. and Jean-Michel Basquiat.[48][49][50] In an interview with Carson Daly on his radio show, Amp Radio, Rihanna described the video as "completely different from any other video" she had done before and "pretty freakin' cool". She explained its artistic qualities, and said, "A lot of my videos are really dark and edgy and tough. 'Rude Boy' is more playing along the lines from my roots. We used a lot of color, but also the costumes were very Jamaican dance-hall-queen type."[49] The video premiered on February 10, 2010, via the high definition music video provider VEVO.[51]

The video features Rihanna in a multitude of vibrant, brightly colored, Caribbean inspired scenes.[52] In the opening scene, Rihanna approaches a drum kit, which she plays as the song progresses. During the rest of the video, Rihanna engages with and plays with a variety of props, including a male extra, a zebra, a motorcycle and a stuffed lion; these scenes are intercut with scenes of Rihanna playing the drum kit.[49] Rihanna wears a variety of outfits in the video, including a gold net bodysuit and a black and white zebra print catsuit, which she wears while sitting atop a stuffed zebra.[52] Rihanna performs various 1990s dancehall dance moves, such as the Bogle.[53]

Reception and accolades[edit]

Upon the video's release, several media outlets noticed a resemblance between the colorful aesthetics of "Rude Boy" and those of British singer-songwriter and rapper M.I.A.'s video "Boyz".[47][54] Melina Matsoukas responded to the allegations that she had copied the idea, and said, "Afterward I was like, ‘Oh, this sucks. They tore down my video ... [M.I.A.'s] video’s great too. It definitely wasn’t trying to rip anybody off at all, it was just our approach and the animation stuff, it had a similar vibe." Matsoukas explained that the inspiration for the video did not come from one particular source, but from a variety of pop culture icons. She concluded, "We’re all inspired by similar elements and it came together in that way."[47] Several critics noticed the differences between Rihanna's previous singles, "Russian Roulette" and "Hard", and that "Rude Boy" had adopted a care-free and brighter image. Becky Bain of Idolator also noticed the similarities between M.I.A.'s video "Boyz" and "Rude Boy", and wrote, "We’re digging the reggae-inflected jam, although the Bob Marley-meets-M.I.A. color explosion becomes a little hard on the eyes after awhile."[55] Bain said the video "is colorful, loud, vibrant, and a complete departure from the mostly depressing captivity scenarios and over-the-top war imagery of the previous videos from her Rated R singles."[55] Simon Vozick-Levinson of Entertainment Weekly's The Music-Mix, also commented on the vibrancy of the video and its resemblance to M.I.A.'s video, "It’s a wild explosion of clashing colors, bold block lettering, and shaky camerawork. As many observers instantly pointed out, it all owes more than a little to the aesthetic of M.I.A.—which, if you ask me, is not a bad thing at all."[56] Jocelyn Vena of MTV commented on the change of visual direction in the video, writing "'Rude Boy' is a colorful departure from the dark fare previously released from her Rated R album."[49] Vena also wrote about the stylization of the video's content with regard to Rihanna's heritage. She wrote that the video is infused with "a kaleidoscope of prints and colors, embracing her roots in Caribbean dance-hall-inspired costumes."[49]

"Rude Boy" won the award for Most Performed Song at the 2011 ASCAP Pop Music Awards[57] and the Award Winning Songs award at the 2011 BMI Urban Awards.[58] The song was also won three awards at the 2011 Barbados Music Awards in the Best Pop/R&B Single, Music Video of the Year and Song of the Year categories.[59] "Rude Boy" was nominated in the 'Best Editing' category at the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards,[60] but lost to Lady Gaga's "Bad Romance".[61]

Sean Kingston and Detail released a cover version of the song, titled "Rude Girl". DJ Earworm used "Rude Boy" in his mash-up of the top 25 songs of 2010 titled "United State of Pop 2010 (Don't Stop the Pop)". He also used "Rude Boy" in his mash-up "Like OMG Baby", designed for the 2010 Capital FM Summertime Ball Concert where Rihanna performed.

Live performances[edit]

To promote the song as the third US single from Rated R, Rihanna performed "Rude Boy" live for the first time at the Pepsi Super Bowl Fan Jam on VH1 in South Beach, Miami, on February 4, 2010.[62] The set also included "Russian Roulette" and "Hard", both from Rated R[62][63] On February 2, 2010, Rihanna performed five songs for "AOL Music Sessions", which were made available to view on the AOL website on February 23, 2010.[64][65] The set included "Rude Boy", "Russian Roulette", "Hard", "Take a Bow" and a stripped down version of "Disturbia".[64] The singer also performed the song on The Ellen DeGeneres Show, which aired on February 15, 2010. Robbie Daw of Idolator commented that although Rihanna wore only a leather jacket and visor, she failed to bring the same level of sexuality to the performance which American singer Prince would have evoked.[66][67]

To promote the song's release as a single in the UK, Rihanna made a recorded appearance on Alan Carr: Chatty Man on February 24, 2010, which was broadcast the following day.[68] The singer wore a crop-top, "bizzare oversized" shorts, an "unusual" hairnet, and large, golden, hooped earrings.[69][70] Rihanna also demonstrated the dance moves which are featured in the video, including the bogle, the butterfly, and the dutty wine, which she taught to the show's host.[68][70] "Rude Boy" was also performed on GMTV the following day, where Rihanna also gave a short interview.[71][72] Rihanna performed "Rude Boy" at the ECHO Awards in Berlin, Germany, on March 4, 2010.[73] Rihanna shared the stage with two larger-than-life mechanical robots, which interacted with her throughout the performance.[74]

On March 27, 2010, Rihanna performed "Rude Boy" as part of a medley with "Hard" and "Don't Stop the Music" at the 2010 Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards, held at UCLA’s Pauley Pavilion in Westwood, California.[75] The performance featured a large camouflage tank and two robots similar to those used for her performance at the ECHO Awards.[75] On May 23, 2010, Rihanna performed a 40 minute set at BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend Music Festival in Bangor, Wales.[76] Rihanna wore a hooded leather playsuit with red, green, and yellow stripes[76] as she performed several of her biggest hits, which included "Mad House", "Hard", "Disturbia", "Rude Boy", "Te Amo", "Russian Roulette", "Don't Stop the Music", "SOS", and "Umbrella".[77] The song was featured on Rihanna's Last Girl on Earth Tour,.[78] Rihanna was criticized for poor choreography and because she "omitted the difficult parts and even forgot some of the lyrics."[78] "Rude Boy" was also on the set-list of her Loud Tour,[79] where Rihanna wore a denim bra and high waisted shorts. This performance was received far more positively than that of her previous tour, and critics praised the production of the concert. Jane Stevenson of the Toronto Sun wrote, "the two-hour, larger-than-life show lived up to the billing."[79] Rihanna performed "Rude Boy" at Radio 1's Hackney Weekend on May 24, 2012, as the seventh song on the set list.[80]

Track listing[edit]

  • Digital download[16]
  1. "Rude Boy" – 3:43
  2. "Rude Boy" (Instrumental version) – 3:43
  3. "Rude Boy" (X2 Remix MCGOKU305 & Rihanna) – 3:43

Credits and personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from the liner notes of Rated R.[81]

Charts and certifications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Video on YouTube
  2. ^ Nerdy feminist analysis of Rude Boy retrieved 25 June 2013
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