Rudky (Ukrainian: Рудки, Polish: Rudki) is a city in Lviv Oblast in Ukraine. Its population was 4,942 at the 2001 Ukrainian census. The town is the resting place of the Polish poet Aleksander Fredro, who was buried in a local Roman Catholic church in 1876. Rudky is on the Vishnya river and is the home of the Vyshnia College of the Lviv National Agricultural University. Rudky Arboretum is on the southern edge of the town.
Rudky, which for centuries belonged to the Kingdom of Poland, and was known as Rudki, was founded in the late 14th century, after Red Ruthenia was annexed by Poland. Its Roman Catholic parish was created in the early 15th century, and during the Protestant Reformation, the church was in 1550 turned into a Calvinist prayer house. In 1655, construction of a new church was initiated by the owner of the town, Andrzej Stano (Gozdawa coat of arms). Soon afterwards, the Swedish invasion of Poland brought widespread destruction to Rudki and its area, and the church was not completed until 1728. In 1742, Rudki was purchased by the Fredro family (Boncza coat of arms). Until the Partitions of Poland) Rudki belonged to Ruthenian Voivodeship. In 1772, it was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, as part of Austrian Galicia. After the Napoleonic Wars, Count Aleksander Fredro settled here. In 1880, the population of the town was 2582, with 1352 Jews and 945 Poles. In 1891, Polish scientist Mieczyslawa Ruxerowna was born here.
In 1918, Rudki returned to Poland. In the Second Polish Republic, it was the seat of a county in Lwow Voivodeship, and until 1939, belonged to the Fredro family. At that time, the town had the population of 3,500, divided into Jewish, Polish and Ukrainian communities. Following the Invasion of Poland. Rudki was occupied by the Soviet Union, and its name was changed to Rudky. In June 1941, the NKVD murdered approximately 200 prisoners here (see NKVD prisoner massacres).
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