Rudolf Bamler

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Rudolf Bamler
Born (1896-05-06)6 May 1896
Osterburg (Altmark), Saxony-Anhalt
Died 13 March 1972(1972-03-13) (aged 77)
Groß Glienicke
Allegiance

German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (to 1944)
German Empire NKFD (to 1945)

East Germany German Democratic Republic
Service/branch

German Army

Years of service 19..-1945; 1950-1953
Rank

Generalleutnant of the Wehrmacht

Generalmajor of the KVP
Commands held 12th Infantry Division
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards

Планка железного креста 1 класс.png Планка Железного креста 2 класс.png DEU Ehrenkreuz des Weltkrieges Kriegsteilnehmer BAR.svg
Ribbon of German Cross in Gold.png DEU Ostmedaille BAR.svg
Patriotic Order of Merit GDR ribbon bar silver.png

Rudolf Bamler (6 May 1896 in Osterburg (Altmark), Province of Saxony - 13 March 1972 in Groß Glienicke) was a German Wehrmacht leader before and during the Second World War. Although Bamler was a member of the Nazi Party[1] he would later serve as a leading member of the East German security forces.

Abwehr[edit]

Operations security propaganda poster

Bamler was attached to the Abwehr as the head of section III (counterespionage) and here he helped to encourage closer co-operation with the Gestapo and Sicherheitsdienst (SD).[2] This role also meant that Bamler maintained a network of informers across German society rivalled only by that of the SD.[3] Although he had a difficult personal relationship with his superior Wilhelm Canaris the two co-operated closely in supporting Canaris' friend Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War.[4]

World War II[edit]

Following the outbreak of the Second World War Bamler was appointed Chief of Staff of Wehrkreis VII (Munich) before a transfer to the same role in XX (Danzig).[5] Bamler was then made Chief of Staff to the XXXXVII Panzer Corps in 1940.[5] From 1942 to 1944 he was Chief of Staff to the German Army in Norway under General Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, having risen to the rank of Lieutenant General.[6]

Eastern Front[edit]

Bamler was then moved to the Eastern Front and from 1 to 27 June he was commander of the 121st Infantry Division, before being replaced by Helmuth Prieß.[7] He was simultaneously commander of the 12th Infantry Division, with Gerhard Engel his replacement.[8]

Bamler's commands ended as he had surrendered to the Red Army on 27 June 1944.[5] However embittered by what he saw as the sacrifice of his division Bamler defected to the Soviet Union that had captured him.[5]

Later years[edit]

Bamler settled in East Germany and worked as a Stasi police officer there from 1946 until his retirement in 1962.[5] He also held the rank of Major General in the Kasernierte Volkspolizei.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Mueller, Geoffrey Brooks, Canaris: The Life and Death of Hitler's Spymaster, Naval Institute Press, 2007, p. 95
  2. ^ George C. Browder, Foundations of the Nazi Police State: The Formation of Sipo and SD, University Press of Kentucky, 2004, p. 180
  3. ^ Peter Padfield, Himmler, Cassell & Co, 2001, p. 215
  4. ^ John H. Waller, The Unseen War in Europe: Espionage and Conspiracy in the Second World War, I.B.Tauris, 1996, p. 16
  5. ^ a b c d e Samuel W. Mitcham, The German Defeat in the East, 1944-45, Stackpole Books, 2007, p. 39
  6. ^ Hans Fredrik Dahl, Quisling: A Study in Treachery, Cambridge University Press, 1999, p. 343
  7. ^ Samuel W. Mitcham, German Order of Battle Volume One, Volume 3, Stackpole Books, 2007, p. 173
  8. ^ Mitcham, German Order of Battle Volume One, Volume 3, p. 52
  9. ^ Walter Henry Nelson, Germany Rearmed, Simon and Schuster, 1972, p. 246