Rudolf Holsti

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Rudolf Holsti

Eino Rudolf Woldemar Holsti (8 October 1881, Jyväskylä – 3 August 1945, Palo Alto, California)[1] was a Finnish politician, journalist and diplomat. He was the Foreign Minister of Finland 1919–1922 and 1936–1938 and a member of the Finnish Parliament 1913–1918 representing the Young Finnish Party (Nuorsuomalainen Puolue). Since 1919 he represented the National Progressive Party (see, for example, Sakari Virkkunen, "The Presidents of Finland", volume I, Helsinki: Otava Publications Ltd., 1994). Holsti represented Finland in the League of Nations. He was also a republican (opposing the then ongoing movement for monarchy in Finland). A firm supporter of democracy, he openly criticized Adolf Hitler at the outbreak of war. Holsti worked for newspapers in Hämeenlinna, Lahti and Helsinki together with his friend and school companion Joel Lehtonen. The friendship ended abruptly when Holsti recognized himself as the satirically portrayed and fictive politician Rolf Idell in Lehtonen's book Sorron lapset (1924). Holsti was also Ambassador to Estonia from 1923 to 1927.[2]

Later in life, Dr. Holsti taught at Stanford University, after he moved to United States with his two sons: Kalevi and Olavi Holsti (both respected political scientists in their own right). He maintained a healthy correspondence with president Herbert Hoover, and the prime minister and president of Finland. He died on August 3, 1945 at Palo Alto Hospital while undergoing surgery to repair a hernia. His wife Liisa died of tuberculosis on July 22, 1951.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Rudolf Holsti: Kansanedustajana 02.02.1914 - 28.05.1918, 05.09.1922 - 10.04.1923" (in Finnish). Eduskunta. 
  2. ^ "Ajalugu" (in Finnish). Embassy of Finland, Tallinn. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Pietiäinen, Jukka-Pekka; Rudolf Holsti, Lehtimies, tiedemies, poliitikko 1881- 1919, Weilin+Göös 1986 .
Political offices
Preceded by
Carl Enckell
Foreign Minister of Finland
1919–1922
Succeeded by
Carl Enckell
Preceded by
Antti Hackzell
Foreign Minister of Finland
1936–1938
Succeeded by
Väinö Voionmaa