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Rudolf Karl Lüneburg (30 March 1903, Volkersheim (Bockenem) - 19 August 1949, Great Falls, Montana), after his emigration at first Lueneburg, later Luneburg, falsified Luneberg) was a professor of mathematics and optics at the Dartmouth College Eye Institute. He was born in Germany, received his doctorate at Göttingen, and emigrated to the United States in 1935.
His work included an analysis of the geometry of visual space as expected from physiognomy and the assumption that the angle of vergence provides a constant measure of distance. From these premises he concluded that near field visual space is hyperbolic.
- Lüneburg, Rudolf Karl (1930). Das Problem der Irrfahrt ohne Richtungsbeschränkung und die Randwertaufgabe der Potentialtheorie (Dissertation). Göttingen: Universität Göttingen.
published in: Lüneburg, Rudolf (1931). "Das Problem der Irrfahrt ohne Richtungsbeschränkung und die Randwertaufgabe der Potentialtheorie". Mathematische Annalen 104: 700–738. doi:10.1007/BF01457965.
- Luneberg, Rudolf Karl (1944). Mathematical Theory of Optics. Providence, Rhode Island: Brown University. p. 401.
- Reprint: Luneburg, Rudolf Karl (1964). Mathematical Theory of Optics. Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press. p. 401.
- Luneburg, Rudolf Karl (1947). Mathematical Analysis of Binocular Vision. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
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