Rudolf von Bünau (father)

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Rudolf von Bünau
Rudolf von Bünau.jpg
Rudolf von Bünau
Born (1890-08-19)19 August 1890
Died 14 January 1962(1962-01-14) (aged 71)
Kirchheim unter Teck
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1909–45
Rank General der Infanterie
Commands held 177. Infanterie-Division
73. Infanterie-Division
XXXXVII Panzerkorps
LII Armeekorps
XI. Armeekorps

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Relations Rudolf von Bünau (son)

Rudolf von Bünau (19 August 1890 – 14 January 1962) was a German general who commanded several Corps during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade, with Oak Leaves, were awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership). At the Enns River, in Austria, von Bünau surrendered to Major General Stanley Eric Reinhart's 261st Infantry Regiment. He was released in April 1947.

His son, also named Rudolf von Bünau, was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 8 August 1943 as Hauptmann and commander of Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 9 (9th Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion). He was killed in action just one week later on 15 August 1943 south of Roslavl and posthumously promoted to Major. His other son, Oberleutnant Günther von Bünau, a recipient of the German Cross in Gold, was also killed in action in 1943.

Member of the Schnez-Truppe[edit]

According to documents released by the Bundesnachrichtendienst in 2014, Rudolf von Bünau, led a "group staff" of the Schnez-Truppe, a German secret army established by Nazi veterans in 1949.[1]

Awards and decorations[edit]


  1. ^ Wiegrefe, Klaus, Files Uncovered: Nazi Veterans Created Illegal Army, SPIEGEL, 14 May 2014
  2. ^ a b c d Thomas 1997, p. 91.
  3. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 67.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 126.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 82.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 – The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Otto Ottenbacher
Commander of 177. Infanterie-Division
25 October 1940 – 1 June 1941
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Hermann von Gimborn
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Bruno Bieler
Commander of 73. Infanterie-Division
1 November 1941 – 1 February 1943
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Johannes Nedtwig
Preceded by
Generaloberst Erhard Raus
Commander of XXXXVII. Panzerkorps
25 November 1943 – 31 December 1943
Succeeded by
General der Panzertruppen Nikolaus von Vormann
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Erich Buschenhagen
Commander of LII. Armeekorps
1 February 1944 – 1 April 1944
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Erich Buschenhagen
Preceded by
General der Artillerie Wilhelm Stemmermann
Commander of XI. Armeekorps
20 March 1944 – 16 March 1945
Succeeded by
General der Artillerie Horst von Mellenthin
Preceded by
General der Artillerie Horst von Mellenthin
Commander of XI. Armeekorps
20 March 1945 – 6 April 1945
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Friedrich Wiese