Rudolf von Raumer (14 April 1815 – August 1876) was a German philologist.
He was born in Breslau, Prussia (now Wrocław, Poland). He was Privatdocent at the University of Erlangen from 1840, and professor there from 1876. He published Untersuchungen über die Urverwandtschaft der semitischen und indo-europäischen Sprachen (Investigations into the ancient relationship between the Semitic and Indo-European languages, 1868 et seq.). He was the son of Karl Georg von Raumer, and died in Erlangen.