Rudston

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Coordinates: 54°05′36″N 0°19′32″W / 54.093358°N 0.325471°W / 54.093358; -0.325471

Rudston
Rudston is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Rudston
Rudston
 Rudston shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population 409 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference TA096676
Civil parish Rudston
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DRIFFIELD
Postcode district YO25
Dialling code 01262
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament East Yorkshire
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
Rudston Monolith, almost 26 ft high, close to Rudston Parish Church of All Saints. Made from Moor Grit Conglomerate from the Late Neolithic Period, a material that can be found in the Cleveland Hills inland from Whitby.

Rudston is a small village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated between Driffield and Bridlington approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) to the west of Bridlington, and lies on the B1253 road. The Gypsey Race (an intermittent stream) runs through the village, which lies in the Great Wold Valley. There are a number of Neolithic sites associated with the stream and its valley.

According to the 2011 UK census, Rudston parish had a population of 409,[1] an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 390.[2]

The place-name 'Rudston' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, and means 'rood' or 'cross' stone, referring to the monolith.[3] However, the name 'rud' derives from Old Norse ruð, meaning a clearing or pasture. So the place name could be stone in the clearing, Ruðstane. Nearby Howes of Duggleby and Ba'l (In Ugaritic mythology Baal is the lord of the storm; he bears a mace where Thor will grasp a hammer) also indicate Norse Viking place names rather than Anglo-Saxon origins.

Here stands the Rudston Monolith; at over 25 feet (7.6 m) tall, it is the tallest standing stone in England, and gave the village its name; it is Grade I listed.[4][5]

Rudston is the centre of an unparalleled grouping of four Neolithic cursus monuments: cursus A,[6] cursus B,[7] cursus C[8] and cursus D.[9] At least one end of each cursus rests on an elevated chalk ridge on the sides of the Great Wold Valley. Cursuses A and C cross the Gypsey Race, whilst the other ends of cursuses B and D probably lie under the village.

Rudston Roman villa, noted for its mosaics, was first excavated in 1839. It was subsequently re-excavated in the 1930s, 1960s and 1970s.[10][11]

Rudston Grade I listed Anglican parish church is dedicated to All Saints.[12] Of 14th-century origin, it was restored in 1861 by George Fowler Jones.[13] It contains the gigantic organ, originally of four manuals, given by Sir Alexander McDonald of the Isles. Now a 3 manual instrument, it stands at the west end of the church in the original case.[citation needed] The author Winifred Holtby was born in Rudston and is buried in the church graveyard.[14]

Thorpe Hall to the east of the village was designated in 1952 by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Rudston CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Rudston CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 May 2008. 
  3. ^ Ekwall, Eilert. Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names. p. 395. 
  4. ^ Rudston Mnolith (79482). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  5. ^ English Heritage. "Monolith approximately 7 Metres North of Church of All Saints, Rudston (1083402)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  6. ^ Rudston Cursus A (79500). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  7. ^ Rudston Cursus B (1036040). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  8. ^ Rudston Cursus C (1036047). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  9. ^ Rudston Cursus D (1036049). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  10. ^ "Rudston Charioteer Mosaic". A History of the World. BBC. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  11. ^ "Roman Villa, Rudston, East Yorkshire". Roman-Britain.org. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  12. ^ English Heritage. "Church of All Saints (1162387)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  13. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; The Buildings of England. Yorkshire: York and the East Riding p. 332; Penguin (1972); reprinted 1975, Pevsner Architectural Guides. ISBN 0140710434
  14. ^ "Winifred Holtby". Find a Grave. 22 May 2004. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  15. ^ English Heritage. "Thorpe Hall (1346645)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  • Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 10. 

External links[edit]